world cultures

 

Journal of Comparative and Cross-Cultural Research Vol 11 No 1 Spring 2000

 

 

William Divale, Publisher

J. Patrick Gray, Editor

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

Page

 

Contents and How to Use this Issue.................................... 1

J. Patrick Gray

 

A Taxonomy of Esteem Values in the Philippines........................ 2

Robert F. Manlove

 

Applying Metal Use-Wear Analysis to the Reconstruction

Of Huron Life-Ways................................................... 36

Paul A. Thibaudeau

 

Gender, Race, and Citizenship Differences in Work

Related Values....................................................... 47

Lawrence R. Zeitlin

 

Consensus or Contestation in the Construction of

Irish Identity....................................................... 66

Tanya Hedges and Douglas Caulkins

 

Manual for Statistical Entailment Analysis 2.0: Sea.exe.............. 77

Douglas R. White

 

Does Ontogeny Repeat Phylogeny in New Media Acquisition:

Cases from the Internet.............................................. 91

Tony B. Maltby

 

Kin Terms and Their Distribution.................................... 102

George Peter Murdock

 

A Note on Replication in Kinship Terminology........................ 118

Douglas R. White

 

World Cultures CD Data Disk......................................... 119

William Divale

 

 

 


 

WORLD CULTURES

 

 

PUBLISHER

 

William Divale

 

 

EDITOR

 

J. Patrick Gray

 

 

EDITORIAL BORAD

 

Richard E.W. Adams

S.Kenneth Beals

H. Russell Bernard

James Boster

Douglas Davis

Malcolm Dow

Carol R. Ember

 

Peter Esainko

Sylvia W. Gaines

David Gregory

Sue Ellen Jacobs

Emilio Moran

Robert L. Munroe

 

 

Dennis OíNeil

Pertti J. Pelto

Karl Reitz

J. Jerome Smith

Donald Tuzin

Valerie Wheeler

Douglas R. White

 

INTERNATIONAL EDITORS

 

Michael Fischer

 

M. N. Panini

 

 

 

 

Copyright © 2000 York College, CUNY. All rights reserved.


 


The World Cultures journal (ISSN 1045-0564) is published twice annually by the Social Sciences Department and the NIH MARC Program (Minority Access to Research Careers) at York College, CUNY, 94-20 Guy R. Brewer Blvd, Jamaica, NY 11451, USA. Telephone: (718) 262-2982. Fax: (718) 262-3790 or 2027. Email: Divale@york.cuny.edu. The journal consists of a combination of paper and electronic media. Postmaster: Send address changes to World Cultures, Publisher, Dr. William Divale, Department of Social Sciences, York College, CUNY, 94-20 Guy R. Brewer Blvd, Jamaica, NY 11451, USA.

 

MISSION. World Cultures provides scholars and students of culture with the benefits of a fifty year old tradition in cross‑cultural research ‑ access to most of the important published and unpublished comparative research materials on human cultures by established leaders in the field as well as new contributors. These materials are published in succinct form, commonly as aggregate cultural data in coded form on a large sample of societies, interpreted with the aid of detailed codebooks. Auxiliary materials include sampling frames, bibliographies, descriptions of societal foci, and programs for displaying relationships or distributions in tables, maps, or other forms. The journal does not include the ethnographic publications from which most of the coded data are derived via expert readers, judges, or coders. The provision of such materials is the function of a library or archival system, such as the Human Relations Area Files. Besides ethnographic data, World Cultures publishes data from such diverse sources as historical, economic, or political analyses, weather stations or satellites, such as are applicable to ethnographically described societies and their ecosystems.

 

The electronic aspect of the journal provides text and numerical file data in a form for manipulation by electronic word processors, statistical packages, and graphics software. General purpose software may occasionally be distributed with the journal under the shareware concept. The reader may tailor the journal to his/her own needs, programs, and applications. Special purpose or instructional software may occasionally be provided such as is made available by contributors. Data files are provided in both ASCII and SPSS for Windows format

 

POLICY. World Cultures welcomes articles, data, and comparative research material, dealing with any aspect of human groups, from social scientists of any country. Publication of any comparative database, regional or worldwide, will be considered on the basis of scope and quality. Submissions of programs and teaching materials are welcomed and will be considered from the viewpoint of the evolving skills of the general readership. Brief communications on research, coding, sources, and other materials of interest to comparative researchers are welcomed.

 

CONTRIBUTIONS. Codes, articles, or other materials should be submitted in printed form or on diskettes, preferably in WordPerfect format. Authors are free to republish material in other journals. Send contributions to J. Patrick Gray, Department of Anthropology, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI 53201, email: jpgray@uwm.edu

 

SUBSCRIPTION. The subscription fee is $30 per volume, which applies to current as well as past volumes. In addition, a starter kit consisting of the MAPTAB program together with all variables measured for the Standard Cross-Cultural Sample from prior volume will be given to new subscribers at no cost. Student subscriptions are $20 annually. Send subscriptions requests to: World Cultures, Dr. William Divale, Social Sciences, York College, 94-20 Guy R. Brewer Blvd, Jamaica, NY 11451, USA. Telephone: (718) 262-2982. Fax: (718) 262-3790 or 2027. Email: Divale@york.cuny.edu.

 

COPYRIGHT. The World Cultures journal is protected by both United States Copyright Law and International Treaty provisions. Therefore, you must treat Journal issues and component files and software JUST LIKE A BOOK OR ORDINARY JOURNAL, with the following single exception. WORLD CULTURES authorizes the user to make archival copies of the Journal for the sole purpose of backing up your diskette files and software and protecting your investment from loss. By saying, "just like a book", the publisher means, for example, that a given issue may be used by any number of people and may be freely moved from one computer location to another so long as there is NO POSSIBILITY of it being used at one location while it is being used at another.



2000 World Cultures 11(1): 1

 

 

Contents And How To Use This Issue

 

This issue of WORLD CULTURES contains new codes for the Ethnographic Atlas (AT10.DAT, AT10.COD), Douglas Whiteís entailment analysis program, Zeitlinís cross-national study of work values, Hedges and Caulkinís study of Irish identity (accompanied by the data set), papers awarded the undergraduate student (Maltby) and the graduate student (Thibaudeau) awards at the 1999 Northeastern Anthropological Association meetings, and a note by White on replication and kinship terminology. The accompanying CD contains a complete version of the Ethnographic Atlas data set updated with the codes introduced in this issue. The MAPTABB program is also included. The Ethnographic Atlas data may be copied to a single directory on your hard drive as a whole, or you may just copy the following five new or changed files to your current directory containing the data base: AT10.DAT, AT10.COD, ATL, ATL.ORG and ATLSCDBK.

 

The directory on the CD containing Whiteís entailment analysis program (sea.exe) also includes a test data file (test.dat). The CD directory relevant to the Hedges and Caulkins paper contains their data in ANTHROPAC data files. The files Blirish.##d and Blirish.##h contain the judgments as to the ìIrishnessî of the scenarios, while the files Blgood.##h and Blgood.##d hold judgments on the desirability of the scenarios. Dr. Caulkins will contribute a paper on Scottish identity to our next issue. The next issue will also carry a new article by Dr. Zeitlin accompanied with the data set used in both articles and by programs to create the ìbullís eyeî diagrams in this paper. Finally, the Murdock directory holds the ìkintype.txtî ASCII file containing the original letter codes from the article that forms the basis of the AT10.DAT and AT10.COD files. Kintype.txt is organized by cultural province number and has codes from a number of societies that are not found in the Ethnographic Atlas.

 

 

---J. Patrick Gray


 

William Divale, Publisher