Pre-Coded Variables

 

 

for the

 

 

Standard

Cross-Cultural Sample

 

Volume II

 

from World Cultures

 

 

 

 

 

Prepared by

 

William Divale

Divalebill@aol.com

 

York College, CUNY

Jamaica, NY  11451

 

 

www.york.cuny.edu

718-262-2982

Fall 2000


Contents

 

Volumne I                                                                   SCCS Variable #s                 Page No

Introduction                                                                                                                                                          3

Standard Cross-Cultural Sample: Introduction                                                                                          4

Subsistence Economy and Supportive Practices                                Variables  1 to 22                                                7

Infancy and Early Childhood                                                             Variables  23 to 60                              11

Settlement Patterns and Community Organization                         Variables  61 to 80                              18

Political Organization                                                                         Variables  81 to 98                              22

Division of Labor                                                                                 Variables  99 to 148                            25

Cultural Complexity                                                                            Variables  149 to 158                          28

Sexual Attitudes and Practices                                                        Variables  159 to 178                          30

Climate Data from Weather Stations                                 Variables  179 to 199                          33

Ethnographic Atlas                                                                      Variables  200 to 292                          36

Traits Inculcated in Childhood                                                         Variables  293 to 336                          50

Agents and Techniques of Child Training                                       Variables  337 to 480                          55

Parental Acceptance-Rejection and Parental Control                   Variables  481 to 528                          67

Adolescent Initiation Ceremonies                                                           Variables  529 to 560                          70

Reproductive Rituals                                                                    Variables  561 to 575                          74

The Relative Status of Women                                                 Variables  576 to 636                          77

Kin Term Patterns                                                                                Variables  637 to 644                          86

Cultural Theories of Illness                                                                Variables  645 to 656                          89

Female Power and Male Dominance                                  Variables  657 to 679                          91

Female Status:  Independent Variables                                                Variables  680 to 738                          95

Husband-Wife Relationships                                                        Variables  739 to 755                          104

Political Decision Making and Conflict                                  Variables  756 to 797                          109

Data Quality Control Variables for Child Training                 Variables  798 to 813                          116

Sexual Division of Labor Revisited                                                    Variables  814 to 826                          120

Adolescent Sexual Behavior                                                    Variables  827 to 832                          122

Standard Cross-Cultural Sample                                                    Variables  833 to 850                          124

Language Phylum and Family Membership                                          Variables  851 to 853                          127

Climate and Subsistence                                                                          Variables  854  to 859.1                      132

Polygyny:  Form and Frequency                                                     Variables  860  to 879                         137

Magico-Religious Practitioners                                                          Variables  879  to 884                         141

Female Contribution to Subsistence                                                          Variables  885  to 890                         142

The Nature of Warfare                                                                  Variables  891  to 916                         143

Slavery and Social Death                                                                          Variables  917  to 920                         148

Agricultural Potentials                                                                              Variables  921  to 930                         151

Varieties of Sexual Experience                                                 Variables  931 to 985                          154

Enculturative Continuity and Importance of Caretakers                Variables  986 to 1005                        172

Historical Analysis of Subsistence Change                                  Variables  1006 to 1114                      175

Population Codes                                                                                                Variable   1122                                       190

Type of Agriculture                                                                            Variables  1123 to 1131                      192

State Organization                                                                         Variable   1132                                        195

Despotism and Harem Size                                                             Variables  1133 to 1135                      196

Divorce                                                                                                  Variables  1136 to 1178                      197

Rape                                                                                                       Variables  1179 to 1187                      199

Evil Eye                                                                                                  Variables  1188 to 1189                      202

Kin Avoidance                                                                                     Variables  1190 to 1225                      203

Marriage Transactions                                                                         Variables  1238 to 1240                      205

Female Beauty and Adolescent Sexuality Codes                    Variables  1248 to 1252                      206

Pathogen Stress Cross-Culturally: Codes                                     Variables  1253 to 1260                      208

Starvation and Famine Among SCCS Societies: Codes                Variables  1261 to 1270                      210-211

 

Contents

 

Volume II                                                                     SCCS Variable #s                   Page No

Introduction                                                                                                                                                          214

Standard Cross-Cultural Sample: Introduction                                                                                          215

Household Division Of Work                I                                               Variables  1271 to 1305                      218

Household Division Of Work                II                                             Variables  1306 to 1341                      226

Household Division Of Work                III                                            Variables  1342 to 1366                      231

Household Division Of Work                IV                                            Variables  1367 to 1401                      236

Household Division Of Work                V                                             Variables  1402 to 1437                      244

Household Division Of Work                VI.1                                         Variables  1438 to 1462                      249

Household Division Of Work                VI.2                                         Variables  1463 to 1490                      254

Household Division Of Work                VII                                           Variables  1491 to 1521                      259

Household Division Of Work                X                                             Variables  1522 to 1557                      264

Household Division Of Work                X                                             Variables  1558 to 1591                      270

Household Division Of Work                XI                                            Variables  1592 to 1614                      276

Household Division Of Work                XII                                          Variables  1615 to 1647                      280

Warfare, Aggression, and Resource Problems                                Variables  1648 to 1691                      286

Scarification, Pathogen Load and Biome                                             Variables  1692 to 1709                      302

Sleeping Arrangements of Children & Adolescents                         Variables  1710 to 1713                      304

CONAN: Code-Text Data-Base, Part I                                       Variables  1714 to 1747                      305

CONAN: Code-Text Data-Base, Part II                                     Variables  1748 to 1780                      313

Codes on Gossip                Topics                                                                    Variables  1781 to 1805                      321

Gossip Factor Scales                                                                     Factors      1 to 8                                      325

Modernization Codes                                                                     Variables  1806 to 1849                      327

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Introduction
 

 

The Standard Cross-Cultural Sample (Murdock and White, 1969, Ethnology) is currently the most widely used sample in cross-cultural research.  At present 1,805 variables have been measured for this sample and published in the journal World Cultures (as of volume 11, number 1 [Spring 2000]).

 

I have found from my own research and from teaching students to use the cross-cultural method that a description of these variables is useful, especially if collected in one place.  For a recent discussion of the cross-cultural method see Ember and Ember (1998).  Often one has a hypothesis that requires the measurement of the independent or dependent variable.  The remaining variables sometimes need to be measured as well, but sometimes they already were coded by another researcher.  More often a similar variable exists or one that can be used as an indirect measure.  The use of pre-existing variables can facilitate research, especially in preliminary or pilot studies.

 

The present volumes collect the codebooks for these 1,805 variables in one location.  In the accompanying CD-ROM disk the 1,805 variables are presented in two formats:

 

 

 

 

The codebooks indicate which data files correspond to the codebook.  For example, the first codebook refers to Subsistence Economy and Supportive Practices (Murdock and Morrow 1970).  These are variables number 1-22 and can be found in SPSS format in data file STDS01.SAV, or in ASCCI format in ST01.DAT.

 

Using the Data, Merge option in SPSS one can easily add, delete, or combine variables from different data files to make a file for your use.

 

In addition, in separate files on the CD are also included the ethnographic bibliography for the societies in the SCCS sample.

 

 

William Divale
 

 

References

 

Ember, Carol. R. and Melvin Ember.  1998.  Cross-Cultural Research.  In H.R. Bernard (ed.), Handbook of methods in cultural anthropology, pp. 647-687. Walnut Creek, CA: AltaMira.

 

Murdock, George P. and Diana O. Morrow. 1970. Subsistence Economy and Supportive Practices. Ethnology 9:302-330.

 

Murdock, George P. and Douglas White. 1969.  The Standard Cross-Cultural Sample. Ethnology 8:329-369.

 


 

The Standard Sample: Introduction

 

The  Standard Cross-Cultural Sample (Murdock and White 1969) consists of 186 societies,  each of which is pinpointed to a  particular  time  and place for purposes  of  coding.  By  society  we  mean  a  specific  local population  which  reproduces a way of life,  the description of which may vary depending on which of many possible foci is chosen for study,  within some  larger  unit.  No  attempt is made to generalize the descriptions of these  individualized  ways of life to an entire "society" in terms of the largest groups that  might  be  included  under  the  ethnic  or  national designations  of  the  particular  units.  A  more detailed description of sample design and pinpointing of focal groups is given in the next issue:

                                                   

FILE:       STDSAMPL.FOC

 

This   sample  is  designed  for  testing  propositions  about  human societies, cultures,  and behaviors.  The order in which the societies are listed below corresponds to the order of the records in the datafiles with descriptive  variables  on these societies.  The numbers running from 1 to 186 traverse the societies from the southern  tip  of  Africa  up  through Europe,  on  through Asia and the Pacific,  into North America and down to the tip of South America.  The dates are the focal date,  which  is  often the earliest reliable ethnographic description. 

 

                          

 No. Societal Name   Date           No. Societal Name   Date

 


   1 Nama Hottentot  1860

   2 Kung Bushmen    1950

   3 Thonga          1865

   4 Lozi            1900

   5 Mbundu          1890

   6 Suku            1920

   7 Bemba           1897

   8 Nyakyusa        1934

   9 Hadza           1930

  10 Luguru          1925

  11 Kikuyu          1920

  12 Ganda           1875

  13 Mbuti           1950

  14 Nkundo Mongo    1930

  15 Banen           1935

  16 Tiv             1920

  17 Ibo             1935

  18 Fon             1890

  19 Ashanti         1895

  20 Mende           1945

  21 Wolof           1950

  22 Bambara         1902

  23 Tallensi        1934

  24 Songhai         1940

  25 Pastoral Fulani 1951

  26 Hausa           1900

  27 Massa (Masa)    1910

  28 Azande          1905

  29 Fur (Darfur)    1880

  30 Otoro Nuba      1930

  31 Shilluk         1910

  32 Mao             1939

  33 Kaffa (Kafa)    1905

  34 Masai           1900

  35 Konso           1935

  36 Somali          1900

  37 Amhara          1953

  38 Bogo            1855

  39 Kenuzi Nubians  1900

  40 Teda            1950

  41 Tuareg          1900

  42 Riffians        1926

  43 Egyptians       1950

  44 Hebrews        - 621

  45 Babylonians    -1750

  46 Rwala Bedouin   1913

  47 Turks           1950

  48 Gheg Albanians  1910

  49 Romans           110

  50 Basques         1934

  51 Irish           1932

  52 Lapps           1950

  53 Yurak Samoyed   1894

  54 Russians        1955

  55 Abkhaz          1880

  56 Armenians       1843

  57 Kurd            1951

  58 Basseri         1958

  59 Punjabi (West)  1950

  60 Gond            1938

  61 Toda            1900

  62 Santal          1940

  63 Uttar Pradesh   1945

  64 Burusho         1934

  65 Kazak           1885

  66 Khalka Mongols  1920

  67 Lolo            1910

  68 Lepcha          1937

  69 Garo            1955

  70 Lakher          1930

  71 Burmese         1965

  72 Lamet           1940

  73 Vietnamese      1930

  74 Rhade           1962

  75 Khmer           1292

  76 Siamese         1955

  77 Semang          1925

  78 Nicobarese      1870

  79 Andamanese      1860

  80 Vedda           1860

  81 Tanala          1925

  82 Negri Sembilan  1958

  83 Javanese        1954

  84 Balinese        1958

  85 Iban            1950

  86 Badjau          1963

  87 Toradja         1910

  88 Tobelorese      1900

  89 Alorese         1938

  90 Tiwi            1929

  91 Aranda          1896

  92 Orokaiva        1925

  93 Kimam           1960

  94 Kapauku         1955

  95 Kwoma           1960

  96 Manus           1937

  97 New Ireland     1930

  98 Trobrianders    1914

  99 Siuai           1939

 100 Tikopia         1930

 101 Pentecost       1953

 102 Mbau Fijians    1840

 103 Ajie            1845

 104 Maori           1820

 105 Marquesans      1800

 106 Western Samoans 1829

 107 Gilbertese      1890

 108 Marshallese     1900

 109 Trukese         1947

 110 Yapese          1910

 111 Palauans        1947

 112 Ifugao          1910

 113 Atayal          1930

 114 Chinese         1936

 115 Manchu          1915

 116 Koreans         1947

 117 Japanese        1950

 118 Ainu            1880

 119 Gilyak          1890

 120 Yukaghir        1850

 121 Chukchee        1900

 122 Ingalik         1885

 123 Aleut           1800

 124 Copper Eskimo   1915

 125 Montagnais      1910

 126 Micmac          1650

 127 Saulteaux       1930

 128 Slave           1940

 129 Kaska           1900

 130 Eyak            1890

 131 Haida           1875

 132 Bellacoola      1880

 133 Twana           1860

 134 Yurok           1850

 135 Pomo (Eastern)  1850

 136 Yokuts (Lake)   1850

 137 Paiute (North.) 1870

 138 Klamath         1860

 139 Kutenai         1890

 140 Gros Ventre     1880

 141 Hidatsa         1836

 142 Pawnee          1867

 143 Omaha           1860

 144 Huron           1634

 145 Creek           1800

 146 Natchez         1718

 147 Comanche        1870

 148 Chiricahua      1870

 149 Zuni            1880

 150 Havasupai       1918

 151 Papago          1910

 152 Huichol         1890

 153 Aztec           1520

 154 Popoluca        1940

 155 Quiche          1930

 156 Miskito         1921

 157 Bribri          1917

 158 Cuna (Tule)     1927

 159 Goajiro         1947

 160 Haitians        1935

 161 Callinago       1650

 162 Warrau          1935

 163 Yanomamo        1965

 164 Carib (Barama)  1932

 165 Saramacca       1928

 166 Mundurucu       1850

 167 Cubeo (Tucano)  1939

 168 Cayapa          1908

 169 Jivaro          1920

 170 Amahuaca        1960

 171 Inca            1530

 172 Aymara          1940

 173 Siriono         1942

 174 Nambicuara      1940

 175 Trumai          1938

 176 Timbira         1915

 177 Tupinamba       1550

 178 Botocudo        1884

 179 Shavante        1958

 180 Aweikoma        1932

 181 Cayua           1890

 182 Lengua          1889

 183 Abipon          1750

 184 Mapuche         1950

 185 Tehuelche       1870

 186 Yahgan          1865


HOUSEHOLD DIVISION OF WORK 1

                         

Candice Bradley. 1987. Women, Children and Work. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. University of California, Irvine.  UMI 8893611.

 

      STDS66.DAT Vars. 1271-1305 Household division of work 1

 

1271.  ADULT LAND CLEARANCE--PRIMARY CROP

 

    115    . = Missing data 

     19    0 = Activity not present

     29    1 = Men Only

     13    2 = Men Predominant

      4    3 = Men and Women Equal

      3    4 = Women Predominant

      2    5 = Women Only

      0    6 = Not an Adult Task

      0    7 = Adult Task, No Data on Sex

      0    8 = Men, No Data on Women

      0    9 = Women, No Data on Men

      1   10 = Slaves Only

 

1272.  ADULT SOIL PREPARATION--PRIMARY CROP

 

    119    . = Missing data 

     19    0 = Activity not present

     21    1 = Men Only

     11    2 = Men Predominant

      6    3 = Men and Women Equal

      5    4 = Women Predominant

      4    5 = Women Only

      0    6 = Not an Adult Task

      0    7 = Adult Task, No Data on Sex

      0    8 = Men, No Data on Women

      0    9 = Women, No Data on Men

      1   10 = Slaves Only

 

1273.  ADULT PLANTING--PRIMARY CROP

 

    115    . = Missing data 

     19    0 = Activity not present

     10    1 = Men Only

      9    2 = Men Predominant

     10    3 = Men and Women Equal

     10    4 = Women Predominant

     10    5 = Women Only

      0    6 = Not an Adult Task

      0    7 = Adult Task, No Data on Sex

      1    8 = Men, No Data on Women

      1    9 = Women, No Data on Men

      1   10 = Slaves Only

 

 


1274.  ADULT CROP TENDING--PRIMARY CROP

 

    119    . = Missing data 

     19    0 = Activity not present

      6    1 = Men Only

      8    2 = Men Predominant

      8    3 = Men and Women Equal

     10    4 = Women Predominant

     15    5 = Women Only

      0    6 = Not an Adult Task

      0    7 = Adult Task, No Data on Sex

      0    8 = Men, No Data on Women

      0    9 = Women, No Data on Men

      1   10 = Slaves Only

 

1275.  ADULT HARVESTING--PRIMARY CROP

 

    115    . = Missing data 

     19    0 = Activity not present

      5    1 = Men Only

     11    2 = Men Predominant

     13    3 = Men and Women Equal

     12    4 = Women Predominant

     10    5 = Women Only

      0    6 = Not an Adult Task

      0    7 = Adult Task, No Data on Sex

      0    8 = Men, No Data on Women

      0    9 = Women, No Data on Men

      1   10 = Slaves Only

 

1276.  ADULT AGRICULTURAL TASK UNSPECIFIED--PRIMARY CROP

 

    147    . = Missing data 

     19    0 = Activity not present

      2    1 = Men Only

      7    2 = Men Predominant

      4    3 = Men and Women Equal

      5    4 = Women Predominant

      1    5 = Women Only

      0    6 = Not an Adult Task

      0    7 = Adult Task, No Data on Sex

      0    8 = Men, No Data on Women

      0    9 = Women, No Data on Men

      1   10 = Slaves Only

    

1277.  ADULT OTHER AGRICULTURAL CHORES--PRIMARY CROP

 

    166    . = Missing data 

     19    0 = Activity not present

      0    1 = Men Only

      0    2 = Men Predominant

      0    3 = Men and Women Equal

      0    4 = Women Predominant

      0    5 = Women Only

      0    6 = Not an Adult Task

      0    7 = Adult Task, No Data on Sex

      0    8 = Men, No Data on Women

      0    9 = Women, No Data on Men

      1   10 = Slaves Only

 

1278.  CHILD LAND CLEARANCE--PRIMARY CROP

 

    130    . = Missing data 

     19    0 = Activity not present

     13    1 = Boys Only

      3    2 = Boys Predominant

      5    3 = Boys and Girls Equal

      0    4 = Girls Predominant

      3    5 = Girls Only

      5    6 = Not a Child's Task

      4    7 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      2    8 = Boys, No Data on Girls

      1    9 = Girls, No Data on Boys

      1   10 = Slaves Only

 

1279.  CHILD SOIL PREPARATION--PRIMARY CROP

 

    133    . = Missing data 

     19    0 = Activity not present

     13    1 = Boys Only

      3    2 = Boys Predominant

      5    3 = Boys and Girls Equal

      0    4 = Girls Predominant

      4    5 = Girls Only

      2    6 = Not a Child's Task

      4    7 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      1    8 = Boys, No Data on Girls

      1    9 = Girls, No Data on Boys

      1   10 = Slaves Only

 

1280.  CHILD PLANTING--PRIMARY CROP

 

    129    . = Missing data 

     19    0 = Activity not present

      5    1 = Boys Only

      2    2 = Boys Predominant

      9    3 = Boys and Girls Equal

      1    4 = Girls Predominant

      8    5 = Girls Only

      6    6 = Not a Child's Task

      4    7 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      1    8 = Boys, No Data on Girls

      1    9 = Girls, No Data on Boys

      1   10 = Slaves Only

 

1281.  CHILD CROP TENDING--PRIMARY CROP

 

    125    . = Missing data 

     19    0 = Activity not present

      5    1 = Boys Only

      5    2 = Boys Predominant

     13    3 = Boys and Girls Equal

      3    4 = Girls Predominant

      5    5 = Girls Only

      3    6 = Not a Child's Task

      5    7 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      1    8 = Boys, No Data on Girls

      1    9 = Girls, No Data on Boys

      1   10 = Slaves Only

 

1282.  CHILD HARVESTING--PRIMARY CROP

 

    126    . = Missing data 

     19    0 = Activity not present

      5    1 = Boys Only

      3    2 = Boys Predominant

     10    3 = Boys and Girls Equal

      4    4 = Girls Predominant

      8    5 = Girls Only

      1    6 = Not a Child's Task

      6    7 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      2    8 = Boys, No Data on Girls

      1    9 = Girls, No Data on Boys

      1   10 = Slaves Only

 

1283.  CHILD AGRICULTURAL TASK UNSPECIFIED--PRIMARY CROP

 

    147    . = Missing data 

     19    0 = Activity not present

      3    1 = Boys Only

      2    2 = Boys Predominant

      5    3 = Boys and Girls Equal

      2    4 = Girls Predominant

      3    5 = Girls Only

      0    6 = Not a Child's Task

      2    7 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      2    8 = Boys, No Data on Girls

      0    9 = Girls, No Data on Boys

      1   10 = Slaves Only

 

1284.  CHILD OTHER AGRICULTURAL CHORES--PRIMARY CROP

 

    164    . = Missing data 

     19    0 = Activity not present

      1    1 = Boys Only

      0    2 = Boys Predominant

      0    3 = Boys and Girls Equal

      0    4 = Girls Predominant

      1    5 = Girls Only

      0    6 = Not a Child's Task

      0    7 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      0    8 = Boys, No Data on Girls

      0    9 = Girls, No Data on Boys

      1   10 = Slaves Only

 

1285.  CHILDREN UNDER 6 CLEAR LAND--PRIMARY CROP

 

    143    . = Missing data 

     40    0 = Children this age do not do task

      0    1 = Boys this age

      0    2 = Girls this age

      0    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      2    4 = Not a Child's Task

      1    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      0    6 = Boys this age, No Data on Girls

      0    7 = Girls this age, No Data on Boys

 

 


1286.  CHILDREN UNDER 6 SOIL PREPARATION--PRIMARY CROP

 

    145    . = Missing data 

     39    0 = Children this age do not do task

      0    1 = Boys this age

      0    2 = Girls this age

      0    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      1    4 = Not a Child's Task

      1    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      0    6 = Boys this age, No Data on Girls

      0    7 = Girls this age, No Data on Boys

 

1287.  CHILDREN UNDER 6 PLANTING--PRIMARY CROP

 

    144    . = Missing data 

     39    0 = Children this age do not do task

      0    1 = Boys this age

      1    2 = Girls this age

      0    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      1    4 = Not a Child's Task

      1    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      0    6 = Boys this age, No Data on Girls

      0    7 = Girls this age, No Data on Boys

 

1288.  CHILDREN UNDER 6 CROP TENDING--PRIMARY CROP

 

    143    . = Missing data 

     37    0 = Children this age do not do task

      1    1 = Boys this age

      1    2 = Girls this age

      3    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      0    4 = Not a Child's Task

      1    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      0    6 = Boys this age, No Data on Girls

      0    7 = Girls this age, No Data on Boys

 

1289.  CHILDREN UNDER 6 HARVESTING--PRIMARY CROP

 

    145    . = Missing data 

     38    0 = Children this age do not do task

      0    1 = Boys this age

      1    2 = Girls this age

      1    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      0    4 = Not a Child's Task

      1    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      0    6 = Boys this age, No Data on Girls

      0    7 = Girls this age, No Data on Boys

 

1290.  CHILDREN UNDER 6 AGRICULTURAL TASKS UNSPECIFIED--PRIMARY CROP

 

    157    . = Missing data 

     28    0 = Children this age do not do task

      0    1 = Boys this age

      0    2 = Girls this age

      0    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      0    4 = Not a Child's Task

      1    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      0    6 = Boys this age, No Data on Girls

      0    7 = Girls this age, No Data on Boys

 

1291.  CHILDREN UNDER 6 OTHER AGRICULTURAL CHORES--PRIMARY CROP

 

    164    . = Missing data 

     21    0 = Children this age do not do task

      0    1 = Boys this age

      1    2 = Girls this age

      0    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      0    4 = Not a Child's Task

      0    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      0    6 = Boys this age, No Data on Girls

      0    7 = Girls this age, No Data on Boys

 

1292.  CHILDREN 6 TO 10 CLEAR LAND--PRIMARY CROP

 

    145    . = Missing data 

     32    0 = Children this age do not do task

      2    1 = Boys this age

      0    2 = Girls this age

      5    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      2    4 = Not a Child's Task

      0    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      0    6 = Boys this age, No Data on Girls

      0    7 = Girls this age, No Data on Boys

 

1293.  CHILDREN 6 TO 10 SOIL PREPARATION--PRIMARY CROP

 

    147    . = Missing data 

     28    0 = Children this age do not do task

      3    1 = Boys this age

      1    2 = Girls this age

      6    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      1    4 = Not a Child's Task

      0    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      0    6 = Boys this age, No Data on Girls

      0    7 = Girls this age, No Data on Boys

 

1294.  CHILDREN 6 TO 10 PLANTING--PRIMARY CROP

 

    144    . = Missing data 

     27    0 = Children this age do not do task

      2    1 = Boys this age

      3    2 = Girls this age

      9    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      1    4 = Not a Child's Task

      0    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      0    6 = Boys this age, No Data on Girls

      0    7 = Girls this age, No Data on Boys

 

1295.  CHILDREN 6 TO 10 CROP TENDING--PRIMARY CROP

 

    144    . = Missing data 

     24    0 = Children this age do not do task

      1    1 = Boys this age

      3    2 = Girls this age

     14    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      0    4 = Not a Child's Task

      0    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      0    6 = Boys this age, No Data on Girls

      0    7 = Girls this age, No Data on Boys

 

1296.  CHILDREN 6 TO 10 HARVESTING--PRIMARY CROP

 

    146    . = Missing data 

     23    0 = Children this age do not do task

      4    1 = Boys this age

      4    2 = Girls this age

      9    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      0    4 = Not a Child's Task

      0    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      0    6 = Boys this age, No Data on Girls

      0    7 = Girls this age, No Data on Boys

 

1297.  CHILDREN 6 TO 10 AGRICULTURAL TASKS UNSPECIFIED--PRIMARY CROP

 

    159    . = Missing data 

     20    0 = Children this age do not do task

      0    1 = Boys this age

      0    2 = Girls this age

      6    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      0    4 = Not a Child's Task

      1    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      0    6 = Boys this age, No Data on Girls

      0    7 = Girls this age, No Data on Boys

 

1298.  CHILDREN 6 TO 10 OTHER AGRICULTURAL CHORES--PRIMARY CROP

 

    165    . = Missing data 

     20    0 = Children this age do not do task

      0    1 = Boys this age

      0    2 = Girls this age

      1    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      0    4 = Not a Child's Task

      0    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      0    6 = Boys this age, No Data on Girls

      0    7 = Girls this age, No Data on Boys

 

1299.  CHILDREN OVER 10 CLEAR LAND--PRIMARY CROP

 

    142    . = Missing data 

     20    0 = Children this age do not do task

     13    1 = Boys this age

      1    2 = Girls this age

      7    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      2    4 = Not a Child's Task

      0    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      1    6 = Boys this age, No Data on Girls

      0    7 = Girls this age, No Data on Boys

 

1300.  CHILDREN OVER 10 SOIL PREPARATION--PRIMARY CROP

 

    144    . = Missing data 

     19    0 = Children this age do not do task

     12    1 = Boys this age

      2    2 = Girls this age

      7    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      1    4 = Not a Child's Task

      0    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      1    6 = Boys this age, No Data on Girls

      0    7 = Girls this age, No Data on Boys

 

1301.  CHILDREN OVER 10 PLANTING--PRIMARY CROP

 

    143    . = Missing data 

     20    0 = Children this age do not do task

      5    1 = Boys this age

      5    2 = Girls this age

     11    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      1    4 = Not a Child's Task

      0    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      1    6 = Boys this age, No Data on Girls

      0    7 = Girls this age, No Data on Boys

 

1302.  CHILDREN OVER 10 CROP TENDING--PRIMARY CROP

 

    142    . = Missing data 

     21    0 = Children this age do not do task

      4    1 = Boys this age

      4    2 = Girls this age

     13    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      0    4 = Not a Child's Task

      0    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      1    6 = Boys this age, No Data on Girls

      1    7 = Girls this age, No Data on Boys

 

1303.  CHILDREN OVER 10 HARVESTING--PRIMARY CROP

 

    145    . = Missing data 

     19    0 = Children this age do not do task

      4    1 = Boys this age

      5    2 = Girls this age

     12    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      0    4 = Not a Child's Task

      0    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      1    6 = Boys this age, No Data on Girls

      0    7 = Girls this age, No Data on Boys

 

1304.  CHILDREN OVER 10 AGRICULTURAL TASKS UNSPECIFIED--PRIMARY CROP

 

    158    . = Missing data 

     19    0 = Children this age do not do task

      1    1 = Boys this age

      1    2 = Girls this age

      6    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      0    4 = Not a Child's Task

      1    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      0    6 = Boys this age, No Data on Girls

      0    7 = Girls this age, No Data on Boys

 

1305.  CHILDREN OVER 10 OTHER AGRICULTURAL CHORES--PRIMARY CROP

 

    165    . = Missing data 

     20    0 = Children this age do not do task

      0    1 = Boys this age

      0    2 = Girls this age

      1    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      0    4 = Not a Child's Task

      0    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      0    6 = Boys this age, No Data on Girls

      0    7 = Girls this age, No Data on Boys

 

HOUSEHOLD DIVISION OF WORK 2

                         

Candice Bradley. 1987. Women, Children and Work. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. University of California, Irvine.  UMI 8893611.

 

STDS67.DAT Vars. 1306-1341 Household division of work 2

 

1306.  USES OF FRUITS OF LABOR--PRIMARY CROP

 

    121    . = Missing data 

     19    0 = None (e.g.,Activity not present)

      0    1 = Product consumer is child only

     36    2 = Product consumer is household or community

      0    3 = Wage labor/product sold

      9    4 = Household and wage labor or product sold

      1    5 = 1 & 2 above

      0    6 = All of above

 

1307.  CHILDREN CLEAR LAND ALONE--PRIMARY CROP

 

    137    . = Missing data 

     20    0 = Activity not present

      2    1 = Yes, Children do this

     27    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1308.  CHILDREN PREPARE SOIL ALONE--PRIMARY CROP

 

    138    . = Missing data 

     20    0 = Activity not present

      4    1 = Yes, Children do this

     24    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1309.  CHILDREN PLANT ALONE--PRIMARY CROP

 

    135    . = Missing data 

     19    0 = Activity not present

      3    1 = Yes, Children do this

     29    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1310.  CHILDREN TEND CROPS ALONE--PRIMARY CROP

 

    135    . = Missing data 

     19    0 = Activity not present

      3    1 = Yes, Children do this

     29    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1311.  CHILDREN HARVEST ALONE--PRIMARY CROP

 

    134    . = Missing data 

     19    0 = Activity not present

      2    1 = Yes, Children do this

     31    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1312.  CHILDREN DO UNSPECIFIED AGRICULTURAL TASKS ALONE--PRIMARY CROP

    148    . = Missing data 

     19    0 = Activity not present

      1    1 = Yes, Children do this

     18    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1313.  CHILDREN DO OTHER AGRICULTURAL CHORES ALONE--PRIMARY CROP

 

    161    . = Missing data 

     19    0 = Activity not present

      1    1 = Yes, Children do this

      5    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1314.  CHILDREN CLEAR LAND WITH OTHER KIDS--PRIMARY CROP

 

    136    . = Missing data 

     20    0 = Activity not present

      7    1 = Yes, Children do this

     23    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1315.  CHILDREN PREPARE SOIL WITH OTHER KIDS--PRIMARY CROP

 

    138    . = Missing data 

     20    0 = Activity not present

      5    1 = Yes, Children do this

     23    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1316.  CHILDREN PLANT WITH OTHER KIDS--PRIMARY CROP

 

    136    . = Missing data 

     19    0 = Activity not present

      7    1 = Yes, Children do this

     24    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1317.  CHILDREN TEND CROPS WITH OTHER KIDS--PRIMARY CROP

 

    134    . = Missing data 

     19    0 = Activity not present

     12    1 = Yes, Children do this

     21    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1318.  CHILDREN HARVEST WITH OTHER KIDS--PRIMARY CROP

 

    134    . = Missing data 

     19    0 = Activity not present

      6    1 = Yes, Children do this

     27    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1319.  CHILDREN DO UNSPECIFIED CHORES WITH OTHER KIDS--PRIMARY CROP

 

    150    . = Missing data 

     19    0 = Activity not present

      5    1 = Yes, Children do this

     12    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1320.  CHILDREN DO OTHER AGRICULTURAL CHORES WITH OTHER KIDS--PRIMARY CROP

 

    162    . = Missing data 

     19    0 = Activity not present

      1    1 = Yes, Children do this

      4    2 = No, Children do not do this

 


1321.  CHILDREN CLEAR LAND WITH ADULTS--PRIMARY CROP

 

    137    . = Missing data 

     20    0 = Activity not present

     24    1 = Yes, Children do this

      5    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1322.  CHILDREN PREPARE SOIL WITH ADULTS--PRIMARY CROP

 

    138    . = Missing data 

     20    0 = Activity not present

     23    1 = Yes, Children do this

      5    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1323.  CHILDREN PLANT WITH ADULTS--PRIMARY CROP

 

    136    . = Missing data 

     19    0 = Activity not present

     25    1 = Yes, Children do this

      6    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1324.  CHILDREN TEND CROPS WITH ADULTS--PRIMARY CROP

 

    135    . = Missing data 

     19    0 = Activity not present

     23    1 = Yes, Children do this

      9    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1325.  CHILDREN HARVEST WITH ADULTS--PRIMARY CROP

 

    134    . = Missing data 

     19    0 = Activity not present

     28    1 = Yes, Children do this

      5    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1326.  CHILDREN DO UNSPECIFIED AGRICULTURAL TASKS WITH ADULTS--PRIMARY CROP

 

    150    . = Missing data 

     19    0 = Activity not present

     14    1 = Yes, Children do this

      3    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1327.  CHILDREN DO OTHER AGRICULTURAL CHORES WITH ADULTS--PRIMARY CROP

 

    164    . = Missing data 

     19    0 = Activity not present

      2    1 = Yes, Children do this

      1    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1328.  IMPORTANCE OF BOY CLEARING--PRIMARY CROP

 

    146    . = Missing data 

     21    0 = Boys do not do this task

      3    1 = The most important task for boys

     16    2 = Boys commonly do the task, but not their most important

      0    3 = Boys rarely do, or usually done by girls

 

 


1329.  IMPORTANCE OF BOY PREPARING SOIL--PRIMARY CROP

 

    147    . = Missing data 

     22    0 = Boys do not do this task

      4    1 = The most important task for boys

     13    2 = Boys commonly do the task, but not their most important

      0    3 = Boys rarely do, or usually done by girls

 

1330.  IMPORTANCE OF BOY PLANTING--PRIMARY CROP

 

    144    . = Missing data 

     27    0 = Boys do not do this task

      2    1 = The most important task for boys

     11    2 = Boys commonly do the task, but not their most important

      2    3 = Boys rarely do, or usually done by girls

 

1331.  IMPORTANCE OF BOY TENDING CROPS--PRIMARY CROP

 

    143    . = Missing data 

     23    0 = Boys do not do this task

      4    1 = The most important task for boys

     14    2 = Boys commonly do the task, but not their most important

      2    3 = Boys rarely do, or usually done by girls

 

1332.  IMPORTANCE OF BOY HARVESTING--PRIMARY CROP

 

    142    . = Missing data 

     25    0 = Boys do not do this task

      2    1 = The most important task for boys

     15    2 = Boys commonly do the task, but not their most important

      2    3 = Boys rarely do, or usually done by girls

 

1333.  IMPORTANCE OF BOY UNSPECIFIED AGRICULTURAL TASKS--PRIMARY CROP

 

    157    . = Missing data 

     20    0 = Boys do not do this task

      2    1 = The most important task for boys

      7    2 = Boys commonly do the task, but not their most important

      0    3 = Boys rarely do, or usually done by girls

 

1334.  IMPORTANCE OF BOY OTHER AGRICULTURAL CHORES--PRIMARY CROP

 

    165    . = Missing data 

     19    0 = Boys do not do this task

      0    1 = The most important task for boys

      2    2 = Boys commonly do the task, but not their most important

      0    3 = Boys rarely do, or usually done by girls

 

1335.  IMPORTANCE OF GIRL CLEARING--PRIMARY CROP

 

    146    . = Missing data 

     29    0 = Girls do not do this task

      0    1 = The most important task for girls

     11    2 = Girls commonly do the task, but not their most important

      0    3 = Girls rarely do, or usually done by girls

 

 


1336.  IMPORTANCE OF GIRL PREPARING SOIL--PRIMARY CROP

 

    149    . = Missing data 

     27    0 = Girls do not do this task

      0    1 = The most important task for girls

     10    2 = Girls commonly do the task, but not their most important

      0    3 = Girls rarely do, or usually done by girls

 

1337.  IMPORTANCE OF GIRL PLANTING--PRIMARY CROP

 

    143    . = Missing data 

     24    0 = Girls do not do this task

      0    1 = The most important task for girls

     19    2 = Girls commonly do the task, but not their most important

      0    3 = Girls rarely do, or usually done by girls

 

1338.  IMPORTANCE OF GIRL TENDING CROPS--PRIMARY CROP

 

    143    . = Missing data 

     22    0 = Girls do not do this task

      1    1 = The most important task for girls

     19    2 = Girls commonly do the task, but not their most important

      1    3 = Girls rarely do, or usually done by girls

 

1339.  IMPORTANCE OF GIRL HARVESTING--PRIMARY CROP

 

    142    . = Missing data 

     23    0 = Girls do not do this task

      0    1 = The most important task for girls

     20    2 = Girls commonly do the task, but not their most important

      1    3 = Girls rarely do, or usually done by girls

 

1340.  IMPORTANCE OF GIRL UNSPECIFIED AGRICULTURAL TASKS--PRIMARY CROP

 

    155    . = Missing data 

     20    0 = Girls do not do this task

      1    1 = The most important task for girls

      9    2 = Girls commonly do the task, but not their most important

      1    3 = Girls rarely do, or usually done by girls

 

1341.  IMPORTANCE OF GIRL OTHER AGRICULTURAL CHORES--PRIMARY CROP

 

    165    . = Missing data 

     19    0 = Girls do not do this task

      0    1 = The most important task for girls

      2    2 = Girls commonly do the task, but not their most important

      0    3 = Girls rarely do, or usually done by girls

 


HOUSEHOLD DIVISION OF WORK 3

     

Candice Bradley. 1987. Women, Children and Work. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. University of California, Irvine.  UMI 8893611.

 

STDS68.DAT Vars. 1342-1366 Household division of work 3

 

1342.  ADULT PREFERENCE IN LAND CLEARING--PRIMARY CROP

 

    121    . = Missing data

     21    0 = None (e.g.,Activity not present)

     43    1 = Common or important adult task

      0    2 = Not preferred by adults, considered child's task

      1    3 = Usually adult task; kids do only if suitable adult absent

 

1343.  ADULT PREFERENCE IN SOIL PREPARATION--PRIMARY CROP

 

    124    . = Missing data

     21    0 = None (e.g.,Activity not present)

     40    1 = Common or important adult task

      0    2 = Not preferred by adults, considered child's task

      1    3 = Usually adult task; kids do only if suitable adult absent

 

1344.  ADULT PREFERENCE IN PLANTING--PRIMARY CROP

 

    121    . = Missing data

     21    0 = None (e.g.,Activity not present)

     42    1 = Common or important adult task

      1    2 = Not preferred by adults, considered child's task

      1    3 = Usually adult task; kids do only if suitable adult absent

 

1345.  ADULT PREFERENCE IN CROP TENDING--PRIMARY CROP

 

    123    . = Missing data

     21    0 = None (e.g.,Activity not present)

     37    1 = Common or important adult task

      4    2 = Not preferred by adults, considered child's task

      1    3 = Usually adult task; kids do only if suitable adult absent

 

1346.  ADULT PREFERENCE IN HARVESTING--PRIMARY CROP

 

    118    . = Missing data

     21    0 = None (e.g.,Activity not present)

     46    1 = Common or important adult task

      0    2 = Not preferred by adults, considered child's task

      1    3 = Usually adult task; kids do only if suitable adult absent

 

1347.  ADULT PREFERENCE IN UNSPECIFIED AGRICULTURAL TASKS--PRIMARY CROP

 

    150    . = Missing data

     21    0 = None (e.g.,Activity not present)

     14    1 = Common or important adult task

      0    2 = Not preferred by adults, considered child's task

      1    3 = Usually adult task; kids do only if suitable adult absent

 

 


1348.  ADULT PREFERENCE IN OTHER AGRICULTURAL CHORES--PRIMARY CROP

 

    164    . = Missing data

     21    0 = None (e.g.,Activity not present)

      1    1 = Common or important adult task

      0    2 = Not preferred by adults, considered child's task

      0    3 = Usually adult task; kids do only if suitable adult absent

 

1349.  PRIMARY CROP NAME

 

    105    . = Missing data

     21    0 = No agriculture

      2    1 = Barley

     10    2 = Maize

      8    3 = Millet

      3    4 = Dry rice

      7    5 = Wet rice

      0    6 = Sorghum

      5    7 = Wheat

      0    8 = Buckwheat

      0   11 = Groundnut

      0   12 = Beans

      1   13 = Breadfruit

      5   14 = Cassava

      2   15 = Potato

      1   16 = Sweet potato

      0   17 = Squashes

      4   18 = Taro

      5   19 = Yams

      0   20 = Bananas

      2   21 = Plantains

      1   22 = Dates

      0   23 = Mango

      0   24 = Other fruit trees

      2   31 = Coconut

      0   32 = Peanut

      0   41 = Cocoa

      0   42 = Cotton

      0   43 = Sesame

      0   44 = Sugarcane

      0   45 = Cardamum

      0   46 = Tobacco

      0   47 = Rubber

      2   51 = Animal fodder

 

1350.  OTHER PRIMARY CROP NAME

 

    114    . = Missing data

     66    0 = No agriculture

      2    1 = Barley

      0    2 = Maize

      0    3 = Millet

      0    4 = Dry rice

      1    5 = Wet rice

      2    6 = Sorghum

      0    7 = Wheat

      0    8 = Buckwheat

      0   11 = Groundnut

      0   12 = Beans

      1   13 = Breadfruit

      0   14 = Cassava

      0   15 = Potato

      0   16 = Sweet potato

      0   17 = Squashes

      0   18 = Taro

      0   19 = Yams

      0   20 = Bananas

      0   21 = Plantains

      0   22 = Dates

      0   23 = Mango

      0   24 = Other fruit trees

      0   31 = Coconut

      0   32 = Peanut

      0   41 = Cocoa

      0   42 = Cotton

      0   43 = Sesame

      0   44 = Sugarcane

      0   45 = Cardamum

      0   46 = Tobacco

      0   47 = Rubber

      0   51 = Animal fodder

 

1351.  IRRIGATION USED--PRIMARY CROP

 

    113    . = Missing data/No agriculture

     51    0 = None/Absent

     22    1 = Yes/Present

 

1352.  HAND PLOW USED--PRIMARY CROP

 

    113    . = Missing data/No agriculture

     70    0 = None/Absent

      3    1 = Yes/Present

 

1353.  ANIMAL PLOW USED--PRIMARY CROP

 

    114    . = Missing data/No agriculture

     56    0 = None/Absent

     15    1 = Yes/Present

 

1354.  TERRACES AND MOUNDS USED--PRIMARY CROP

 

    120    . = Missing data/No agriculture

     46    0 = None/Absent

     20    1 = Yes/Present

 

1355.  FENCES USED--PRIMARY CROP

 

    127    . = Missing data/No agriculture

     47    0 = None/Absent

     12    1 = Yes/Present

 

1356.  GREEN MANURE AND MULCH USED--PRIMARY CROP

 

    128    . = Missing data/No agriculture

     53    0 = None/Absent

      5    1 = Yes/Present

 

 

 

1357.  ANIMAL MANURE USED--PRIMARY CROP

 

    129    . = Missing data/No agriculture

     48    0 = None/Absent

      9    1 = Yes/Present

 

1358.  HUMAN MANURE USED--PRIMARY CROP

 

    129    . = Missing data/No agriculture

     54    0 = None/Absent

      3    1 = Yes/Present

 

1359.  PESTICIDES USED--PRIMARY CROP

 

    122    . = Missing data/No agriculture

     64    0 = None/Absent

      0    1 = Yes/Present

 

1360.  EXTENT OF WEEDING--PRIMARY CROP

 

    126    . = Missing data/No agriculture

     26    0 = None/No weeding/crops not weeded

      1    1 = Crop weeded once

      4    2 = Crop weeded twice

      6    3 = Crop weeded three times

      2    4 = Weeding, but not extensively, no data on # times

     13    5 = Extensive weeding, no data on # times

      8    6 = Weeding, no data on extent or # times

 

1361.  CROP SUPERVISION--PRIMARY CROP

 

    122    . = No data

     22    0 = No agriculture

     27    1 = Crops supervised from homestead

     15    2 = Distant crops supervised, e.g. huts built in fields

 

1362.  PLANTING TECHNIQUES--PRIMARY CROP

    129    . = No data

     21    0 = No agriculture

      3    1 = Seeds broadcast

     14    2 = Seeds planted by hand/manually

      6    3 = Seedlings transplanted

      9    4 = Cuttings planted

      1    5 = 1 and 2 above

      3    6 = 2 and 3 above

 

1363.  SHORTEST LENGTH OF FALLOW--PRIMARY CROP

    130    . = No data

     21    0 = No agriculture

     15    1 = 0 years (permanent cultivation)

      4    2 = 2 years

      2    3 = 3 years

      2    4 = 4 years

      3    5 = 5 years

      3    6 = 6 years

      1    7 = 7 years

      2   10 = 10 years

      2   15 = 15 years

      1   20 = 20 years

 

1364.  SOIL TREATMENTS/SANDS USED--PRIMARY CROP

 

    128    . = Missing data/No agriculture

     53    0 = None/Absent

      5    1 = Yes/Present

 

1365.  CHEMICAL FERTILIZERS USED--PRIMARY CROP

 

    124    . = Missing data/No agriculture

     59    0 = None/Absent

      3    1 = Yes/Present

 

1366.  STAKES AND TRELLISES USED--PRIMARY CROP

 

    137    . = Missing data/No agriculture

     45    0 = None/Absent

      4    1 = Yes/Present


HOUSEHOLD DIVISION OF WORK 4

                          

Candice Bradley. 1987. Women, Children and Work. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. University of California, Irvine. UMI 8893611.

 

STDS69.DAT Vars. 1367-1401 Household division of work 4

 

1367.  ADULT LAND CLEARANCE--SECONDARY CROP

 

    122    . = Missing data 

     26    0 = Activity not present

     17    1 = Men Only

     11    2 = Men Predominant

      4    3 = Men and Women Equal

      1    4 = Women Predominant

      3    5 = Women Only

      0    6 = Not an Adult Task

      0    7 = Adult Task, No Data on Sex

      1    8 = Men, No Data on Women

      0    9 = Women, No Data on Men

      1   10 = Slaves Only

 

1368.  ADULT SOIL PREPARATION--SECONDARY CROP

 

    125    . = Missing data 

     26    0 = Activity not present

     13    1 = Men Only

      8    2 = Men Predominant

      3    3 = Men and Women Equal

      4    4 = Women Predominant

      5    5 = Women Only

      0    6 = Not an Adult Task

      0    7 = Adult Task, No Data on Sex

      1    8 = Men, No Data on Women

      0    9 = Women, No Data on Men

      1   10 = Slaves Only

 

1369.  ADULT PLANTING--SECONDARY CROP

 

    127    . = Missing data 

     25    0 = Activity not present

      7    1 = Men Only

      1    2 = Men Predominant

      8    3 = Men and Women Equal

      6    4 = Women Predominant

      9    5 = Women Only

      0    6 = Not an Adult Task

      0    7 = Adult Task, No Data on Sex

      2    8 = Men, No Data on Women

      0    9 = Women, No Data on Men

      1   10 = Slaves Only

 

1370.  ADULT CROP TENDING--SECONDARY CROP

 

    125    . = Missing data 

     26    0 = Activity not present

      6    1 = Men Only

      2    2 = Men Predominant

      9    3 = Men and Women Equal

      6    4 = Women Predominant

     10    5 = Women Only

      0    6 = Not an Adult Task

      0    7 = Adult Task, No Data on Sex

      1    8 = Men, No Data on Women

      0    9 = Women, No Data on Men

      1   10 = Slaves Only

 

1371.  ADULT HARVESTING--SECONDARY CROP

 

    125    . = Missing data 

     25    0 = Activity not present

      5    1 = Men Only

      5    2 = Men Predominant

      8    3 = Men and Women Equal

      9    4 = Women Predominant

      7    5 = Women Only

      0    6 = Not an Adult Task

      1    7 = Adult Task, No Data on Sex

      0    8 = Men, No Data on Women

      0    9 = Women, No Data on Men

      1   10 = Slaves Only

 

1372.  ADULT AGRICULTURAL TASK UNSPECIFIED--SECONDARY CROP

 

    147    . = Missing data 

     25    0 = Activity not present

      1    1 = Men Only

      3    2 = Men Predominant

      4    3 = Men and Women Equal

      2    4 = Women Predominant

      2    5 = Women Only

      0    6 = Not an Adult Task

      1    7 = Adult Task, No Data on Sex

      0    8 = Men, No Data on Women

      0    9 = Women, No Data on Men

      1   10 = Slaves Only

    

1373.  ADULT OTHER AGRICULTURAL CHORES--SECONDARY CROP

 

    160    . = Missing data 

     25    0 = Activity not present

      0    1 = Men Only

      0    2 = Men Predominant

      0    3 = Men and Women Equal

      0    4 = Women Predominant

      0    5 = Women Only

      0    6 = Not an Adult Task

      0    7 = Adult Task, No Data on Sex

      0    8 = Men, No Data on Women

      0    9 = Women, No Data on Men

      1   10 = Slaves Only

 

 


1374.  CHILD LAND CLEARANCE--SECONDARY CROP

 

    135    . = Missing data 

     26    0 = Activity not present

      9    1 = Boys Only

      1    2 = Boys Predominant

      3    3 = Boys and Girls Equal

      0    4 = Girls Predominant

      3    5 = Girls Only

      3    6 = Not a Child's Task

      1    7 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      1    8 = Boys, No Data on Girls

      1    9 = Girls, No Data on Boys

      1   10 = Slaves Only

 

1375.  CHILD SOIL PREPARATION--SECONDARY CROP

 

    136    . = Missing data 

     26    0 = Activity not present

      7    1 = Boys Only

      1    2 = Boys Predominant

      3    3 = Boys and Girls Equal

      0    4 = Girls Predominant

      5    5 = Girls Only

      2    6 = Not a Child's Task

      3    7 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      1    8 = Boys, No Data on Girls

      1    9 = Girls, No Data on Boys

      1   10 = Slaves Only

 

1376.  CHILD PLANTING--SECONDARY CROP

 

    138    . = Missing data 

     25    0 = Activity not present

      3    1 = Boys Only

      1    2 = Boys Predominant

      6    3 = Boys and Girls Equal

      1    4 = Girls Predominant

      3    5 = Girls Only

      2    6 = Not a Child's Task

      4    7 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      1    8 = Boys, No Data on Girls

      1    9 = Girls, No Data on Boys

      1   10 = Slaves Only

 

1377.  CHILD CROP TENDING--SECONDARY CROP

 

    132    . = Missing data 

     26    0 = Activity not present

      3    1 = Boys Only

      1    2 = Boys Predominant

     10    3 = Boys and Girls Equal

      2    4 = Girls Predominant

      3    5 = Girls Only

      3    6 = Not a Child's Task

      3    7 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      1    8 = Boys, No Data on Girls

      1    9 = Girls, No Data on Boys

      1   10 = Slaves Only


1378.  CHILD CROP HARVESTING--SECONDARY CROP

 

    134    . = Missing data 

     25    0 = Activity not present

      5    1 = Boys Only

      1    2 = Boys Predominant

      6    3 = Boys and Girls Equal

      2    4 = Girls Predominant

      4    5 = Girls Only

      1    6 = Not a Child's Task

      6    7 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      0    8 = Boys, No Data on Girls

      1    9 = Girls, No Data on Boys

      1   10 = Slaves Only

 

1379.  CHILD AGRICULTURAL TASK UNSPECIFIED--SECONDARY CROP

 

    147    . = Missing data 

     25    0 = Activity not present

      1    1 = Boys Only

      1    2 = Boys Predominant

      4    3 = Boys and Girls Equal

      1    4 = Girls Predominant

      3    5 = Girls Only

      0    6 = Not a Child's Task

      2    7 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      0    8 = Boys, No Data on Girls

      1    9 = Girls, No Data on Boys

      1   10 = Slaves Only

 

1380.  CHILD OTHER AGRICULTURAL CHORES--SECONDARY CROP

 

    160    . = Missing data 

     25    0 = Activity not present

      0    1 = Boys Only

      0    2 = Boys Predominant

      0    3 = Boys and Girls Equal

      0    4 = Girls Predominant

      0    5 = Girls Only

      0    6 = Not a Child's Task

      0    7 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      0    8 = Boys, No Data on Girls

      0    9 = Girls, No Data on Boys

      1   10 = Slaves Only

 

1381.  CHILDREN UNDER 6 CLEAR LAND--SECONDARY CROP

 

    147    . = Missing data 

     39    0 = Children this age do not do task

      0    1 = Boys this age

      0    2 = Girls this age

      0    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      0    4 = Not a Child's Task

      0    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

 

 


1382.  CHILDREN UNDER 6 SOIL PREPARATION--SECONDARY CROP

 

    147    . = Missing data 

     39    0 = Children this age do not do task

      0    1 = Boys this age

      0    2 = Girls this age

      0    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      0    4 = Not a Child's Task

      0    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

 

1383.  CHILDREN UNDER 6 PLANTING--SECONDARY CROP

 

    148    . = Missing data 

     38    0 = Children this age do not do task

      0    1 = Boys this age

      0    2 = Girls this age

      0    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      0    4 = Not a Child's Task

      0    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

 

1384.  CHILDREN UNDER 6 CROP TENDING--SECONDARY CROP

 

    145    . = Missing data 

     39    0 = Children this age do not do task

      0    1 = Boys this age

      0    2 = Girls this age

      2    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      0    4 = Not a Child's Task

      0    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

 

1385.  CHILDREN UNDER 6 HARVESTING--SECONDARY CROP

 

    149    . = Missing data 

     37    0 = Children this age do not do task

      0    1 = Boys this age

      0    2 = Girls this age

      0    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      0    4 = Not a Child's Task

      0    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

 

1386.  CHILDREN UNDER 6 AGRICULTURAL TASKS UNSPECIFIED--SECONDARY CROP

 

    155    . = Missing data 

     31    0 = Children this age do not do task

      0    1 = Boys this age

      0    2 = Girls this age

      0    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      0    4 = Not a Child's Task

      0    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

 

1387.  CHILDREN UNDER 6 OTHER AGRICULTURAL CHORES--SECONDARY CROP

 

    160    . = Missing data 

     26    0 = Children this age do not do task

      0    1 = Boys this age

      0    2 = Girls this age

      0    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      0    4 = Not a Child's Task

      0    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex


1388.  CHILDREN 6 TO 10 CLEAR LAND--SECONDARY CROP

 

    146    . = Missing data 

     35    0 = Children this age do not do task

      1    1 = Boys this age

      0    2 = Girls this age

      3    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      0    4 = Not a Child's Task

      1    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

 

1389.  CHILDREN 6 TO 10 SOIL PREPARATION--SECONDARY CROP

 

    147    . = Missing data 

     31    0 = Children this age do not do task

      2    1 = Boys this age

      2    2 = Girls this age

      3    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      0    4 = Not a Child's Task

      1    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

 

1390.  CHILDREN 6 TO 10 PLANTING--SECONDARY CROP

 

    148    . = Missing data 

     31    0 = Children this age do not do task

      1    1 = Boys this age

      1    2 = Girls this age

      4    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      0    4 = Not a Child's Task

      1    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

 

1391.  CHILDREN 6 TO 10 CROP TENDING--SECONDARY CROP

 

    147    . = Missing data 

     30    0 = Children this age do not do task

      1    1 = Boys this age

      1    2 = Girls this age

      6    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      0    4 = Not a Child's Task

      1    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

 

1392.  CHILDREN 6 TO 10 HARVESTING--SECONDARY CROP

 

    149    . = Missing data 

     30    0 = Children this age do not do task

      1    1 = Boys this age

      1    2 = Girls this age

      3    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      0    4 = Not a Child's Task

      2    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

 

1393.  CHILDREN 6 TO 10 AGRICULTURAL TASKS UNSPECIFIED--SECONDARY CROP

 

    155    . = Missing data 

     27    0 = Children this age do not do task

      0    1 = Boys this age

      0    2 = Girls this age

      3    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      0    4 = Not a Child's Task

      1    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex


1394.  CHILDREN 6 TO 10 OTHER AGRICULTURAL CHORES--SECONDARY CROP

 

    160    . = Missing data 

     25    0 = Children this age do not do task

      0    1 = Boys this age

      0    2 = Girls this age

      1    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      0    4 = Not a Child's Task

      0    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

 

1395.  CHILDREN OVER 10 CLEAR LAND--SECONDARY CROP

 

    146    . = Missing data 

     26    0 = Children this age do not do task

      8    1 = Boys this age

      1    2 = Girls this age

      4    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      0    4 = Not a Child's Task

      1    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

 

1396.  CHILDREN OVER 10 SOIL PREPARATION--SECONDARY CROP

 

    147    . = Missing data 

     25    0 = Children this age do not do task

      6    1 = Boys this age

      3    2 = Girls this age

      4    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      0    4 = Not a Child's Task

      1    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

 

1397.  CHILDREN OVER 10 PLANTING--SECONDARY CROP

 

    148    . = Missing data 

     25    0 = Children this age do not do task

      3    1 = Boys this age

      2    2 = Girls this age

      7    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      0    4 = Not a Child's Task

      1    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

 

1398.  CHILDREN OVER 10 CROP TENDING--SECONDARY CROP

 

    146    . = Missing data 

     26    0 = Children this age do not do task

      3    1 = Boys this age

      3    2 = Girls this age

      7    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      0    4 = Not a Child's Task

      1    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

 

1399.  CHILDREN OVER 10 HARVESTING--SECONDARY CROP

 

    150    . = Missing data 

     25    0 = Children this age do not do task

      4    1 = Boys this age

      2    2 = Girls this age

      4    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      0    4 = Not a Child's Task

      1    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex


1400.  CHILDREN OVER 10 AGRICULTURAL TASKS UNSPECIFIED--SECONDARY CROP

 

    156    . = Missing data 

     25    0 = Children this age do not do task

      1    1 = Boys this age

      1    2 = Girls this age

      3    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      0    4 = Not a Child's Task

      0    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

 

1401.  CHILDREN OVER 10 OTHER AGRICULTURAL CHORES--SECONDARY CROP

 

    160    . = Missing data 

     25    0 = Children this age do not do task

      0    1 = Boys this age

      0    2 = Girls this age

      1    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      0    4 = Not a Child's Task

      0    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex


HOUSEHOLD DIVISION OF WORK 5

                         

Candice Bradley. 1987. Women, Children and Work. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. University of California, Irvine. UMI 8893611.

 

STDS70.DAT Vars. 1402-1437 Household division of work 5

 

1402.  USES OF FRUITS OF LABOR--SECONDARY CROP

 

    127    . = Missing data 

     25    0 = None (e.g.,Activity not present)

      0    1 = Product consumer is child only

     28    2 = Product consumer is household or community

      2    3 = Wage labor/product sold

      3    4 = Household and wage labor or product sold

      1    5 = 1 & 2 above

      0    6 = All of above

 

1403.  CHILDREN CLEAR LAND ALONE--SECONDARY CROP

 

    142    . = Missing data 

     26    0 = Activity not present

      1    1 = Yes, Children do this

     17    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1404.  CHILDREN PREPARE SOIL ALONE--SECONDARY CROP

 

    143    . = Missing data 

     26    0 = Activity not present

      1    1 = Yes, Children do this

     16    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1405.  CHILDREN PLANT ALONE--SECONDARY CROP

 

    142    . = Missing data 

     25    0 = Activity not present

      1    1 = Yes, Children do this

     18    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1406.  CHILDREN TEND CROPS ALONE--SECONDARY CROP

 

    140    . = Missing data 

     26    0 = Activity not present

      1    1 = Yes, Children do this

     19    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1407.  CHILDREN HARVEST ALONE--SECONDARY CROP

 

    140    . = Missing data 

     25    0 = Activity not present

      2    1 = Yes, Children do this

     19    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1408.  CHILDREN DO UNSPECIFIED AGRICULTURAL TASKS ALONE--SECONDARY CROP

    147    . = Missing data 

     25    0 = Activity not present

      1    1 = Yes, Children do this

     13    2 = No, Children do not do this


1409.  CHILDREN DO OTHER AGRICULTURAL CHORES ALONE--SECONDARY CROP

 

    157    . = Missing data 

     25    0 = Activity not present

      1    1 = Yes, Children do this

      3    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1410.  CHILDREN CLEAR LAND WITH OTHER KIDS--SECONDARY CROP

 

    141    . = Missing data 

     26    0 = Activity not present

      5    1 = Yes, Children do this

     14    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1411.  CHILDREN PREPARE SOIL WITH OTHER KIDS--SECONDARY CROP

 

    143    . = Missing data 

     26    0 = Activity not present

      3    1 = Yes, Children do this

     14    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1412.  CHILDREN PLANT WITH OTHER KIDS--SECONDARY CROP

 

    142    . = Missing data 

     25    0 = Activity not present

      5    1 = Yes, Children do this

     14    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1413.  CHILDREN TEND CROPS WITH OTHER KIDS--SECONDARY CROP

 

    140    . = Missing data 

     26    0 = Activity not present

      9    1 = Yes, Children do this

     11    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1414.  CHILDREN HARVEST WITH OTHER KIDS--SECONDARY CROP

 

    140    . = Missing data 

     25    0 = Activity not present

      7    1 = Yes, Children do this

     14    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1415.  CHILDREN DO UNSPECIFIED CHORES WITH OTHER KIDS--SECONDARY CROP

 

    149    . = Missing data 

     25    0 = Activity not present

      4    1 = Yes, Children do this

      8    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1416.  CHILDREN DO OTHER AGRICULTURAL CHORES WITH OTHER KIDS--SECONDARY CROP

 

    158    . = Missing data 

     25    0 = Activity not present

      1    1 = Yes, Children do this

      2    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

 


1417.  CHILDREN CLEAR LAND WITH ADULTS--SECONDARY CROP

 

    142    . = Missing data 

     26    0 = Activity not present

     14    1 = Yes, Children do this

      4    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1418.  CHILDREN PREPARE SOIL WITH ADULTS--SECONDARY CROP

 

    143    . = Missing data 

     26    0 = Activity not present

     14    1 = Yes, Children do this

      3    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1419.  CHILDREN PLANT WITH ADULTS--SECONDARY CROP

 

    142    . = Missing data 

     25    0 = Activity not present

     15    1 = Yes, Children do this

      4    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1420.  CHILDREN TEND CROPS WITH ADULTS--SECONDARY CROP

 

    140    . = Missing data 

     26    0 = Activity not present

     13    1 = Yes, Children do this

      7    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1421.  CHILDREN HARVEST WITH ADULTS--SECONDARY CROP

 

    140    . = Missing data 

     25    0 = Activity not present

     16    1 = Yes, Children do this

      5    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1422.  CHILDREN DO UNSPECIFIED AGRICULTURAL TASKS WITH ADULTS--SECONDARY CROP

 

    150    . = Missing data 

     25    0 = Activity not present

      7    1 = Yes, Children do this

      4    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1423.  CHILDREN DO OTHER AGRICULTURAL CHORES WITH ADULTS--SECONDARY CROP

 

    160    . = Missing data 

     25    0 = Activity not present

      0    1 = Yes, Children do this

      1    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1424.  IMPORTANCE OF BOY CLEARING--SECONDARY CROP

 

    150    . = Missing data 

     26    0 = Boys do not do this task

      0    1 = The most important task for boys

     10    2 = Boys commonly do the task, but not their most important

      0    3 = Boys rarely do, or usually done by girls

 

 


1425.  IMPORTANCE OF BOY PREPARING SOIL--SECONDARY CROP

 

    150    . = Missing data 

     28    0 = Boys do not do this task

      1    1 = The most important task for boys

      7    2 = Boys commonly do the task, but not their most important

      0    3 = Boys rarely do, or usually done by girls

 

1426.  IMPORTANCE OF BOY PLANTING--SECONDARY CROP

 

    148    . = Missing data 

     27    0 = Boys do not do this task

      0    1 = The most important task for boys

      9    2 = Boys commonly do the task, but not their most important

      2    3 = Boys rarely do, or usually done by girls

 

1427.  IMPORTANCE OF BOY TENDING CROPS--SECONDARY CROP

 

    148    . = Missing data 

     27    0 = Boys do not do this task

      0    1 = The most important task for boys

     10    2 = Boys commonly do the task, but not their most important

      1    3 = Boys rarely do, or usually done by girls

 

1428.  IMPORTANCE OF BOY HARVESTING--SECONDARY CROP

 

    145    . = Missing data 

     27    0 = Boys do not do this task

      0    1 = The most important task for boys

     13    2 = Boys commonly do the task, but not their most important

      1    3 = Boys rarely do, or usually done by girls

 

1429.  IMPORTANCE OF BOY UNSPECIFIED AGRICULTURAL TASKS--SECONDARY CROP

 

    154    . = Missing data 

     26    0 = Boys do not do this task

      1    1 = The most important task for boys

      5    2 = Boys commonly do the task, but not their most important

      0    3 = Boys rarely do, or usually done by girls

 

1430.  IMPORTANCE OF BOY OTHER AGRICULTURAL CHORES--SECONDARY CROP

 

    160    . = Missing data 

     25    0 = Boys do not do this task

      0    1 = The most important task for boys

      1    2 = Boys commonly do the task, but not their most important

      0    3 = Boys rarely do, or usually done by girls

 

1431.  IMPORTANCE OF GIRL CLEARING--SECONDARY CROP

 

    148    . = Missing data 

     30    0 = Girls do not do this task

      0    1 = The most important task for girls

      8    2 = Girls commonly do the task, but not their most important

      0    3 = Girls rarely do, or usually done by girls

 

 


1432.  IMPORTANCE OF GIRL PREPARING SOIL--SECONDARY CROP

 

    150    . = Missing data 

     27    0 = Girls do not do this task

      0    1 = The most important task for girls

      9    2 = Girls commonly do the task, but not their most important

      0    3 = Girls rarely do, or usually done by girls

 

1433.  IMPORTANCE OF GIRL PLANTING--SECONDARY CROP

 

    147    . = Missing data 

     27    0 = Girls do not do this task

      0    1 = The most important task for girls

     11    2 = Girls commonly do the task, but not their most important

      1    3 = Girls rarely do, or usually done by girls

 

1434.  IMPORTANCE OF GIRL TENDING CROPS--SECONDARY CROP

 

    147    . = Missing data 

     27    0 = Girls do not do this task

      1    1 = The most important task for girls

     11    2 = Girls commonly do the task, but not their most important

      0    3 = Girls rarely do, or usually done by girls

 

1435.  IMPORTANCE OF GIRL HARVESTING--SECONDARY CROP

 

    144    . = Missing data 

     28    0 = Girls do not do this task

      1    1 = The most important task for girls

     13    2 = Girls commonly do the task, but not their most important

      0    3 = Girls rarely do, or usually done by girls

 

1436.  IMPORTANCE OF GIRL UNSPECIFIED AGRICULTURAL TASKS--SECONDARY CROP

 

    151    . = Missing data 

     26    0 = Girls do not do this task

      1    1 = The most important task for girls

      8    2 = Girls commonly do the task, but not their most important

      0    3 = Girls rarely do, or usually done by girls

 

1437.  IMPORTANCE OF GIRL OTHER AGRICULTURAL CHORES--SECONDARY CROP

 

    160    . = Missing data 

     25    0 = Girls do not do this task

      0    1 = The most important task for girls

      1    2 = Girls commonly do the task, but not their most important

      0    3 = Girls rarely do, or usually done by girls


HOUSEHOLD DIVISION OF WORK 6

     

Candice Bradley. 1987. Women, Children and Work. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. University of California, Irvine. UMI 8893611.

 

STDS71.DAT Vars. 1438-1462 Household division of work 6

 

1438.  ADULT PREFERENCE IN LAND CLEARING--SECONDARY CROP

 

    125    . = Missing data

     29    0 = None (e.g.,Activity not present)

     31    1 = Common or important adult task

      0    2 = Not preferred by adults, considered child's task

      1    3 = Usually adult task; kids do only if suitable adult absent

 

1439.  ADULT PREFERENCE IN SOIL PREPARATION--SECONDARY CROP

 

    126    . = Missing data

     29    0 = None (e.g.,Activity not present)

     30    1 = Common or important adult task

      0    2 = Not preferred by adults, considered child's task

      1    3 = Usually adult task; kids do only if suitable adult absent

 

1440.  ADULT PREFERENCE IN PLANTING--SECONDARY CROP

 

    128    . = Missing data

     28    0 = None (e.g.,Activity not present)

     29    1 = Common or important adult task

      0    2 = Not preferred by adults, considered child's task

      1    3 = Usually adult task; kids do only if suitable adult absent

 

1441.  ADULT PREFERENCE IN CROP TENDING--SECONDARY CROP

 

    128    . = Missing data

     29    0 = None (e.g.,Activity not present)

     26    1 = Common or important adult task

      2    2 = Not preferred by adults, considered child's task

      1    3 = Usually adult task; kids do only if suitable adult absent

 

1442.  ADULT PREFERENCE IN HARVESTING--SECONDARY CROP

 

    127    . = Missing data

     28    0 = None (e.g.,Activity not present)

     30    1 = Common or important adult task

      0    2 = Not preferred by adults, considered child's task

      1    3 = Usually adult task; kids do only if suitable adult absent

 

1443.  ADULT PREFERENCE IN UNSPECIFIED AGRICULTURAL TASKS--SECONDARY CROP

 

    146    . = Missing data

     28    0 = None (e.g.,Activity not present)

     12    1 = Common or important adult task

      0    2 = Not preferred by adults, considered child's task

      0    3 = Usually adult task; kids do only if suitable adult absent

 

 


1444.  ADULT PREFERENCE IN OTHER AGRICULTURAL CHORES--SECONDARY CROP

 

    156    . = Missing data

     28    0 = None (e.g.,Activity not present)

      2    1 = Common or important adult task

      0    2 = Not preferred by adults, considered child's task

      0    3 = Usually adult task; kids do only if suitable adult absent

 

1445.  SECONDARY CROP NAME

 

    107    . = Missing data

     28    0 = No agriculture

      3    1 = Barley

      7    2 = Maize

      4    3 = Millet

      3    4 = Dry rice

      0    5 = Wet rice

      0    6 = Sorghum

      1    7 = Wheat

      1    8 = Buckwheat

      2   11 = Groundnut

      4   12 = Beans

      0   13 = Breadfruit

      3   14 = Cassava

      3   15 = Potato

      1   16 = Sweet potato

      0   17 = Squashes

      6   18 = Taro

      3   19 = Yams

      0   20 = Bananas

      2   21 = Plantains

      1   22 = Dates

      0   23 = Mango

      1   24 = Other fruit trees

      0   31 = Coconut

      0   32 = Peanut

      1   41 = Cocoa

      1   42 = Cotton

      0   43 = Sesame

      1   44 = Sugarcane

      1   45 = Cardamum

      1   46 = Tobacco

      1   47 = Rubber

      0   51 = Animal fodder

 

1446.  OTHER SECONDARY CROP NAME

 

    115    . = Missing data

     57    0 = No agriculture

      0    1 = Barley

      0    2 = Maize

      0    3 = Millet

      0    4 = Dry rice

      1    5 = Wet rice

      3    6 = Sorghum

      1    7 = Wheat

      0    8 = Buckwheat

      0   11 = Groundnut

      0   12 = Beans

      1   13 = Breadfruit

      0   14 = Cassava

      0   15 = Potato

      0   16 = Sweet potato

      4   17 = Squashes

      1   18 = Taro

      1   19 = Yams

      0   20 = Bananas

      1   21 = Plantains

      0   22 = Dates

      1   23 = Mango

      0   24 = Other fruit trees

      0   31 = Coconut

      0   32 = Peanut

      0   41 = Cocoa

      0   42 = Cotton

      0   43 = Sesame

      0   44 = Sugarcane

      0   45 = Cardamum

      0   46 = Tobacco

      0   47 = Rubber

      0   51 = Animal fodder

 

1447.  IRRIGATION USED--SECONDARY CROP

 

    118    . = Missing data/No agriculture

     53    0 = None/Absent

     15    1 = Yes/Present

 

1448.  HAND PLOW USED--SECONDARY CROP

 

    116    . = Missing data/No agriculture

     67    0 = None/Absent

      3    1 = Yes/Present

 

1449.  ANIMAL PLOW USED--SECONDARY CROP

 

    117    . = Missing data/No agriculture

     58    0 = None/Absent

     11    1 = Yes/Present

 

1450.  TERRACES AND MOUNDS USED--SECONDARY CROP

 

    125    . = Missing data/No agriculture

     47    0 = None/Absent

     14    1 = Yes/Present

 

1451.  FENCES USED--SECONDARY CROP

 

    125    . = Missing data/No agriculture

     48    0 = None/Absent

     13    1 = Yes/Present

 

1452.  GREEN MANURE AND MULCH USED--SECONDARY CROP

 

    128    . = Missing data/No agriculture

     53    0 = None/Absent

      5    1 = Yes/Present

 


1453.  ANIMAL MANURE USED--SECONDARY CROP

 

    129    . = Missing data/No agriculture

     48    0 = None/Absent

      9    1 = Yes/Present

 

1454.  HUMAN MANURE USED--SECONDARY CROP

 

    129    . = Missing data/No agriculture

     55    0 = None/Absent

      2    1 = Yes/Present

 

1455.  PESTICIDES USED--SECONDARY CROP

 

    122    . = Missing data/No agriculture

     64    0 = None/Absent

      0    1 = Yes/Present

 

1456.  EXTENT OF WEEDING--SECONDARY CROP

 

    129    . = Missing data/No agriculture

     32    0 = None/No weeding/crops not weeded

      1    1 = Crop weeded once

      2    2 = Crop weeded twice

      4    3 = Crop weeded three times

      3    4 = Weeding, but not extensively, no data on # times

      8    5 = Extensive weeding, no data on # times

      7    6 = Weeding, no data on extent or # times

 

1457.  CROP SUPERVISION--SECONDARY CROP

    124    . = No data

     32    0 = No agriculture

     20    1 = Crops supervised from homestead

     10    2 = Distant crops supervised, e.g. huts built in fields

 

1458.  PLANTING TECHNIQUES--SECONDARY CROP

    130    . = No data

     28    0 = No agriculture

      2    1 = Seeds broadcast

     12    2 = Seeds planted by hand/manually

      2    3 = Seedlings transplanted

     11    4 = Cuttings planted

      1    5 = 2 and 3 above

      0    6 = 3 and 4 above

      0    7 = 2 and 4 above

 

1459.  SHORTEST LENGTH OF FALLOW--SECONDARY CROP

    137    . = No data

     28    0 = No agriculture

     12    1 = 0 years (permanent cultivation)

      1    2 = 2 years

      1    3 = 3 years

      1    4 = 4 years

      2    5 = 5 years

      2    6 = 6 years

      0    7 = 7 years

      1   10 = 10 years

      0   15 = 15 years

      1   20 = 20 years


1460.  SOIL TREATMENTS/SANDS USED--SECONDARY CROP

 

    126    . = Missing data/No agriculture

     56    0 = None/Absent

      4    1 = Yes/Present

 

1461.  CHEMICAL FERTILIZERS USED--SECONDARY CROP

 

    122    . = Missing data/No agriculture

     62    0 = None/Absent

      2    1 = Yes/Present

 

1462.  STAKES AND TRELLISES USED--SECONDARY CROP

 

    134    . = Missing data/No agriculture

     48    0 = None/Absent

      4    1 = Yes/Present


HOUSEHOLD DIVISION OF WORK 7

                         

Candice Bradley. 1987. Women, Children and Work. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. University of California, Irvine. UMI 8893611.

 

STDS72.DAT Vars. 1463-1490 Household division of work 7

 

1463.  ADULTS HERD SMALL ANIMALS

 

    142    . = Missing data 

     27    0 = Activity not present

      7    1 = Men Only

      3    2 = Men Predominant

      0    3 = Men and Women Equal

      0    4 = Women Predominant

      5    5 = Women Only

      1    6 = Not an Adult Task

      0    7 = Adult Task, No Data on Sex

      0    8 = Men, No Data on Women

      0    9 = Women, No Data on Men

      1   10 = Slaves Only

 

1464.  ADULTS CARE FOR SMALL ANIMALS

 

    130    . = Missing data 

     26    0 = Activity not present

      3    1 = Men Only

      3    2 = Men Predominant

      5    3 = Men and Women Equal

      6    4 = Women Predominant

     12    5 = Women Only

      1    6 = Not an Adult Task

      0    7 = Adult Task, No Data on Sex

      0    8 = Men, No Data on Women

      0    9 = Women, No Data on Men

      0   10 = Slaves Only

 

1465.  CHILDREN HERD SMALL ANIMALS

 

    139    . = Missing data 

     27    0 = Activity not present

      7    1 = Boys Only

      5    2 = Boys Predominant

      2    3 = Boys and Girls Equal

      0    4 = Girls Predominant

      3    5 = Girls Only

      0    6 = Not a Child's Task

      1    7 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      2    8 = Boys, No Data on Girls

      0    9 = Girls, No Data on Boys

      0   10 = Slaves Only

 

1466.  CHILDREN CARE FOR SMALL ANIMALS

 

    138    . = Missing data 

     26    0 = Activity not present

      4    1 = Boys Only

      4    2 = Boys Predominant

      2    3 = Boys and Girls Equal

      3    4 = Girls Predominant

      5    5 = Girls Only

      0    6 = Not a Child's Task

      2    7 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      2    8 = Boys, No Data on Girls

      0    9 = Girls, No Data on Boys

      0   10 = Slaves Only

 

1467.  CHILDREN UNDER 6 HERD SMALL ANIMALS

 

    147    . = Missing data 

     35    0 = Children this age do not do task

      2    1 = Boys this age

      0    2 = Girls this age

      0    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      0    4 = Not a Child's Task

      0    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      2    6 = Boys this age, No Data on Girls

      0    7 = Girls this age, No Data on Boys

 

1468.  CHILDREN 6 TO 10 HERD SMALL ANIMALS

 

    145    . = Missing data 

     26    0 = Children this age do not do task

      7    1 = Boys this age

      1    2 = Girls this age

      4    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      0    4 = Not a Child's Task

      0    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      3    6 = Boys this age, No Data on Girls

      0    7 = Girls this age, No Data on Boys

 

1469.  CHILDREN OVER 10 HERD SMALL ANIMALS

 

    145    . = Missing data 

     26    0 = Children this age do not do task

      6    1 = Boys this age

      2    2 = Girls this age

      4    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      0    4 = Not a Child's Task

      0    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      3    6 = Boys this age, No Data on Girls

      0    7 = Girls this age, No Data on Boys

 

1470.  CHILDREN UNDER 10 CARE FOR SMALL ANIMALS

 

    145    . = Missing data 

     37    0 = Children this age do not do task

      1    1 = Boys this age

      1    2 = Girls this age

      0    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      0    4 = Not a Child's Task

      0    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      2    6 = Boys this age, No Data on Girls

      0    7 = Girls this age, No Data on Boys

 

 


1471.  CHILDREN 6 TO 10 CARE FOR SMALL ANIMALS

 

    145    . = Missing data 

     27    0 = Children this age do not do task

      2    1 = Boys this age

      2    2 = Girls this age

      8    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      0    4 = Not a Child's Task

      0    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      2    6 = Boys this age, No Data on Girls

      0    7 = Girls this age, No Data on Boys

 

1472.  CHILDREN OVER 10 CARE FOR SMALL ANIMALS

 

    145    . = Missing data 

     26    0 = Children this age do not do task

      4    1 = Boys this age

      4    2 = Girls this age

      5    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      0    4 = Not a Child's Task

      0    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      2    6 = Boys this age, No Data on Girls

      0    7 = Girls this age, No Data on Boys

 

1473.  PRODUCT USE OF SMALL ANIMALS

 

    138    . = Missing data 

     25    0 = None (e.g., activity not present)

      0    1 = Product consumer is child only

     16    2 = Product consumer is household or community

      0    3 = Wage labor/product sold

      5    4 = Household and wage labor or product sold

      2    5 = 1 and 2 above

      0    6 = All of above

 

1474.  CHILDREN HERD SMALL ANIMALS ALONE

 

    151    . = Missing data 

     25    0 = None (e.g., activity not present)

      2    1 = Yes, children do this

      8    2 = No, children do not do this

 

1475.  CHILDREN HERD SMALL ANIMALS WITH CHILDREN

    151    . = Missing data 

     25    0 = None (e.g., activity not present)

      9    1 = Yes, children do this

      1    2 = No, children do not do this

 

1476.  CHILDREN HERD SMALL ANIMALS WITH ADULTS

    150    . = Missing data 

     25    0 = None (e.g., activity not present)

      8    1 = Yes, children do this

      3    2 = No, children do not do this

 

1477.  CHILDREN CARE FOR SMALL ANIMALS ALONE

    152    . = Missing data 

     25    0 = None (e.g., activity not present)

      1    1 = Yes, children do this

      8    2 = No, children do not do this


1478.  CHILDREN CARE FOR SMALL ANIMALS WITH CHILDREN

 

    152    . = Missing data 

     25    0 = None (e.g., activity not present)

      5    1 = Yes, children do this

      4    2 = No, children do not do this

 

1479.  CHILDREN CARE FOR SMALL ANIMALS WITH ADULTS

 

    151    . = Missing data 

     25    0 = None (e.g., activity not present)

      9    1 = Yes, children do this

      1    2 = No, children do not do this

 

1480.  IMPORTANCE OF BOY HERDING SMALL ANIMALS

 

    147    . = Missing data

     26    0 = Boys do not do this task

      9    1 = The most important task for boys

      4    2 = Boys commonly do the task, but not their most important

      0    3 = Boys rarely do, or usually done by girls

 

1481.  IMPORTANCE OF GIRL HERDING SMALL ANIMALS

 

    149    . = Missing data

     30    0 = Girls do not do this task

      0    1 = The most important task for girls

      6    2 = Girls commonly do the task, but not their most important

      1    3 = Girls rarely do, or usually done by boys

 

1482.  IMPORTANCE OF BOY CARE FOR SMALL ANIMALS

 

    150    . = Missing data

     28    0 = Boys do not do this task

      1    1 = The most important task for boys

      6    2 = Boys commonly do the task, but not their most important

      1    3 = Boys rarely do, or usually done by girls

 

1483.  IMPORTANCE OF GIRL CARE FOR SMALL ANIMALS

 

    149    . = Missing data

     26    0 = Girls do not do this task

      0    1 = The most important task for girls

     11    2 = Girls commonly do the task, but not their most important

      0    3 = Girls rarely do, or usually done by boys

 

1484.  ADULT PREFERENCE IN HERDING SMALL ANIMALS

    143    . = Missing data

     25    0 = None (e.g.,Activity not present)

     12    1 = Common or important adult task

      6    2 = Not preferred by adults, considered child's task

      0    3 = Usually adult task; kids do only if suitable adult absent

 

1485.  ADULT PREFERENCE IN CARING FOR SMALL ANIMALS

    139    . = Missing data

     25    0 = None (e.g.,Activity not present)

     19    1 = Common or important adult task

      3    2 = Not preferred by adults, considered child's task

      0    3 = Usually adult task; kids do only if suitable adult absent


1486.  GOATS PRESENT

 

    108    . = Missing data

     51    0 = Absent

      0    1 = Present, minor

     27    2 = Present, important

 

1487.  SHEEP PRESENT

 

    108    . = Missing data

     52    0 = Absent

      0    1 = Present, minor

     26    2 = Present, important

 

1488.  PIGS PRESENT

 

    108    . = Missing data

     50    0 = Absent

      2    1 = Present, minor

     26    2 = Present, important

 

1489.  RABBITS AND GUINEA PIGS PRESENT

 

    108    . = Missing data

     76    0 = Absent

      0    1 = Present, minor

      2    2 = Present, important

 

1490.  SLED AND PACK DOGS PRESENT

 

    108    . = Missing data

     74    0 = Absent

      0    1 = Present, minor

      4    2 = Present, important


HOUSEHOLD DIVISION OF WORK 8

                          

Candice Bradley. 1987. Women, Children and Work. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. University of California, Irvine. UMI 8893611.

 

STDS73.DAT Vars. 1491-1521 Household division of work 8

 

1491.  ADULTS HERD LARGE ANIMALS

 

    128    . = Missing data 

     29    0 = Activity not present

     16    1 = Men Only

      9    2 = Men Predominant

      1    3 = Men and Women Equal

      0    4 = Women Predominant

      1    5 = Women Only

      1    6 = Not an Adult Task

      0    7 = Adult Task, No Data on Sex

      1    8 = Men, No Data on Women

      0    9 = Women, No Data on Men

      0   10 = Slaves Only

 

1492.  ADULTS CARE FOR LARGE ANIMALS

 

    126    . = Missing data 

     28    0 = Activity not present

      7    1 = Men Only

     11    2 = Men Predominant

      6    3 = Men and Women Equal

      5    4 = Women Predominant

      1    5 = Women Only

      0    6 = Not an Adult Task

      0    7 = Adult Task, No Data on Sex

      1    8 = Men, No Data on Women

      1    9 = Women, No Data on Men

      0   10 = Slaves Only

 

1493.  CHILDREN HERD LARGE ANIMALS

 

    125    . = Missing data 

     28    0 = Activity not present

     17    1 = Boys Only

     11    2 = Boys Predominant

      1    3 = Boys and Girls Equal

      0    4 = Girls Predominant

      0    5 = Girls Only

      0    6 = Not a Child's Task

      3    7 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      1    8 = Boys, No Data on Girls

      0    9 = Girls, No Data on Boys

      0   10 = Slaves Only

 

1494.  CHILDREN CARE FOR LARGE ANIMALS

 

    127    . = Missing data 

     28    0 = Activity not present

     10    1 = Boys Only

     12    2 = Boys Predominant

      1    3 = Boys and Girls Equal

      2    4 = Girls Predominant

      1    5 = Girls Only

      0    6 = Not a Child's Task

      3    7 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      2    8 = Boys, No Data on Girls

      0    9 = Girls, No Data on Boys

      0   10 = Slaves Only

 

1495.  CHILDREN UNDER 6 HERD LARGE ANIMALS

 

    132    . = Missing data 

     52    0 = Children this age do not do task

      2    1 = Boys this age

      0    2 = Girls this age

      0    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      0    4 = Not a Child's Task

      0    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      0    6 = Boys this age, No Data on Girls

      0    7 = Girls this age, No Data on Boys

 

1496.  CHILDREN 6 TO 10 HERD LARGE ANIMALS

 

    132    . = Missing data 

     37    0 = Children this age do not do task

      8    1 = Boys this age

      0    2 = Girls this age

      6    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      0    4 = Not a Child's Task

      0    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      3    6 = Boys this age, No Data on Girls

      0    7 = Girls this age, No Data on Boys

 

1497.  CHILDREN OVER 10 HERD LARGE ANIMALS

 

    131    . = Missing data 

     29    0 = Children this age do not do task

     17    1 = Boys this age

      0    2 = Girls this age

      6    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      0    4 = Not a Child's Task

      0    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      3    6 = Boys this age, No Data on Girls

      0    7 = Girls this age, No Data on Boys

 

1498.  CHILDREN UNDER 6 CARE FOR LARGE ANIMALS

 

    133    . = Missing data 

     51    0 = Children this age do not do task

      1    1 = Boys this age

      1    2 = Girls this age

      0    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      0    4 = Not a Child's Task

      0    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      0    6 = Boys this age, No Data on Girls

      0    7 = Girls this age, No Data on Boys

 

 


1499.  CHILDREN 6 TO 10 CARE FOR LARGE ANIMALS

 

    133    . = Missing data 

     34    0 = Children this age do not do task

      7    1 = Boys this age

      1    2 = Girls this age

     10    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      0    4 = Not a Child's Task

      0    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      1    6 = Boys this age, No Data on Girls

      0    7 = Girls this age, No Data on Boys

 

1500.  CHILDREN OVER 10 CARE FOR LARGE ANIMALS

 

    133    . = Missing data 

     28    0 = Children this age do not do task

     13    1 = Boys this age

      2    2 = Girls this age

      9    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      0    4 = Not a Child's Task

      0    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      1    6 = Boys this age, No Data on Girls

      0    7 = Girls this age, No Data on Boys

 

1501.  PRODUCT USE OF LARGE ANIMALS

 

    130    . = Missing data 

     28    0 = None (e.g., activity not present)

      0    1 = Product consumer is child only

     19    2 = Product consumer is household or community

      0    3 = Wage labor/product sold

      7    4 = Household and wage labor or product sold

      2    5 = 1 and 2 above

      0    6 = All of above

 

1502.  CHILDREN HERD LARGE ANIMALS ALONE

 

    138    . = Missing data 

     28    0 = None (e.g., activity not present)

      5    1 = Yes, children do this

     15    2 = No, children do not do this

 

1503.  CHILDREN HERD LARGE ANIMALS WITH CHILDREN

 

    138    . = Missing data 

     28    0 = None (e.g., activity not present)

     17    1 = Yes, children do this

      3    2 = No, children do not do this

 

1504.  CHILDREN HERD LARGE ANIMALS WITH ADULTS

 

    138    . = Missing data 

     28    0 = None (e.g., activity not present)

     16    1 = Yes, children do this

      4    2 = No, children do not do this

 

 


1505.  CHILDREN CARE FOR LARGE ANIMALS ALONE

 

    141    . = Missing data 

     28    0 = None (e.g., activity not present)

      3    1 = Yes, children do this

     14    2 = No, children do not do this

 

1506.  CHILDREN CARE FOR LARGE ANIMALS WITH CHILDREN

 

    141    . = Missing data 

     28    0 = None (e.g., activity not present)

     14    1 = Yes, children do this

      3    2 = No, children do not do this

 

1507.  CHILDREN CARE FOR LARGE ANIMALS WITH ADULTS

 

    141    . = Missing data 

     28    0 = None (e.g., activity not present)

     15    1 = Yes, children do this

      2    2 = No, children do not do this

 

1508.  IMPORTANCE OF BOY HERDING LARGE ANIMALS

 

    136    . = Missing data

     28    0 = Boys do not do this task

     16    1 = The most important task for boys

      5    2 = Boys commonly do the task, but not their most important

      1    3 = Boys rarely do, or usually done by girls

 

1509.  IMPORTANCE OF GIRL HERDING LARGE ANIMALS

 

    138    . = Missing data

     39    0 = Girls do not do this task

      1    1 = The most important task for girls

      5    2 = Girls commonly do the task, but not their most important

      3    3 = Girls rarely do, or usually done by boys

 

1510.  IMPORTANCE OF BOY CARE FOR LARGE ANIMALS

 

    144    . = Missing data

     29    0 = Boys do not do this task

      6    1 = The most important task for boys

      5    2 = Boys commonly do the task, but not their most important

      2    3 = Boys rarely do, or usually done by girls

 

1511.  IMPORTANCE OF GIRL CARE FOR LARGE ANIMALS

 

    144    . = Missing data

     33    0 = Girls do not do this task

      2    1 = The most important task for girls

      5    2 = Girls commonly do the task, but not their most important

      2    3 = Girls rarely do, or usually done by boys

 

1512.  ADULT PREFERENCE IN HERDING LARGE ANIMALS

    132    . = Missing data

     28    0 = None (e.g.,Activity not present)

     19    1 = Common or important adult task

      7    2 = Not preferred by adults, considered child's task

      0    3 = Usually adult task; kids do only if suitable adult absent


1513.  ADULT PREFERENCE IN CARING FOR LARGE ANIMALS

    134    . = Missing data

     28    0 = None (e.g.,Activity not present)

     22    1 = Common or important adult task

      2    2 = Not preferred by adults, considered child's task

      0    3 = Usually adult task; kids do only if suitable adult absent

 

1514.  CATTLE PRESENT

    109    . = Missing data

     42    0 = Absent

      3    1 = Present, minor

     32    2 = Present, important

 

1515.  HORSES PRESENT

    110    . = Missing data

     52    0 = Absent

      2    1 = Present, minor

     22    2 = Present, important

 

1516.  DONKEYS/MULES PRESENT

    109    . = Missing data

     61    0 = Absent

      0    1 = Present, minor

     16    2 = Present, important

 

1517.  CAMELS PRESENT

    109    . = Missing data

     72    0 = Absent

      0    1 = Present, minor

      5    2 = Present, important

 

1518.  REINDEER PRESENT

    109    . = Missing data

     75    0 = Absent

      0    1 = Present, minor

      2    2 = Present, important

 

1519.  YAKS PRESENT

 

    109    . = Missing data

     75    0 = Absent

      0    1 = Present, minor

      2    2 = Present, important

 

1520.  BUFFALO PRESENT

 

    109    . = Missing data

     74    0 = Absent

      0    1 = Present, minor

      3    2 = Present, important

 

1521.  LLAMA PRESENT

 

    109    . = Missing data

     76    0 = Absent

      0    1 = Present, minor

      1    2 = Present, important


HOUSEHOLD DIVISION OF WORK 9

                         

Candice Bradley. 1987. Women, Children and Work. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. University of California, Irvine. UMI 8893611.

 

STDS74.DAT Vars. 1522-1557 Household division of work 9

 

1522.  ADULTS DO WAGE LABOR

 

    129    . = Missing data 

     14    0 = Activity not present

     17    1 = Men Only

     10    2 = Men Predominant

      7    3 = Men and Women Equal

      1    4 = Women Predominant

      0    5 = Women Only

      0    6 = Not an Adult Task

      0    7 = Adult Task, No Data on Sex

      8    8 = Men, No Data on Women

      0    9 = Women, No Data on Men

 

1523.  CHILDREN DO WAGE LABOR

 

    148    . = Missing data 

     14    0 = Activity not present

     10    1 = Boys Only

      5    2 = Boys Predominant

      1    3 = Boys and Girls Equal

      0    4 = Girls Predominant

      0    5 = Girls Only

      8    6 = Not a Child's Task

      0    7 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      0    8 = Boys, No Data on Girls

      0    9 = Girls, No Data on Boys

 

1524.  CHILDREN UNDER 6 DO WAGE LABOR

 

    170    . = Missing data 

     14    0 = Children this age do not do task

      0    1 = Boys this age

      0    2 = Girls this age

      0    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      2    4 = Not a Child's Task

      0    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      0    6 = Boys this age, No Data on Girls

      0    7 = Girls this age, No Data on Boys

 

1525.  CHILDREN 6 TO 10 DO WAGE LABOR

 

    169    . = Missing data 

     14    0 = Children this age do not do task

      1    1 = Boys this age

      0    2 = Girls this age

      0    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      2    4 = Not a Child's Task

      0    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      0    6 = Boys this age, No Data on Girls

      0    7 = Girls this age, No Data on Boys


1526.  CHILDREN OVER 10 DO WAGE LABOR

 

    162    . = Missing data 

     14    0 = Children this age do not do task

      6    1 = Boys this age

      0    2 = Girls this age

      2    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      1    4 = Not a Child's Task

      0    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      1    6 = Boys this age, No Data on Girls

      0    7 = Girls this age, No Data on Boys

 

1527.  WHO CONTROLS THE EARNINGS OF WAGE LABOR?

 

    161    . = Missing data 

     14    0 = None

      7    1 = Child

      2    2 = Parents

      0    3 = Other

      2    4 = Child and Parents

 

1528.  CHILDREN DO WAGE LABOR ALONE

 

    170    . = Missing data

     14    0 = Activity not present

      1    1 = Yes, Children do this

      1    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1529.  CHILDREN DO WAGE LABOR WITH CHILDREN

 

    170    . = Missing data

     14    0 = Activity not present

      0    1 = Yes, Children do this

      2    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1530.  CHILDREN DO WAGE LABOR WITH ADULTS

 

    170    . = Missing data

     14    0 = Activity not present

      1    1 = Yes, Children do this

      1    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1531.  IMPORTANCE OF BOY DOING WAGE LABOR

 

    165    . = Missing data

     14    0 = Boys do not do this task

      1    1 = The most important task for boys

      4    2 = Boys commonly do the task, but not their most important

      2    3 = Boys rarely do, or usually done by girls

 

1532.  IMPORTANCE OF GIRL DOING WAGE LABOR

 

    170    . = Missing data

     14    0 = Girls do not do this task

      0    1 = The most important task for Girls

      1    2 = Girls commonly do the task, but not their most important

      1    3 = Girls rarely do, or usually done by boys

 

 


1533.  ADULT PREFERENCE WAGE LABOR

 

    151    . = Missing data

     14    0 = None (e.g.,Activity not present)

     18    1 = Common or important adult task

      2    2 = Not preferred by adults, considered child's task

      1    3 = Usually adult task; kids do only if suitable adult absent

 

1534.  ADULTS TRADE

 

    138    . = Missing data 

      2    0 = Activity not present

      8    1 = Men Only

      5    2 = Men Predominant

     22    3 = Men and Women Equal

      5    4 = Women Predominant

      2    5 = Women Only

      0    6 = Not an Adult Task

      0    7 = Adult Task, No Data on Sex

      0    8 = Men, No Data on Women

      4    9 = Women, No Data on Men

 

1535.  CHILDREN TRADE

 

    156    . = Missing data 

      2    0 = Activity not present

      4    1 = Boys Only

      1    2 = Boys Predominant

      3    3 = Boys and Girls Equal

      0    4 = Girls Predominant

      4    5 = Girls Only

     14    6 = Not a Child's Task

      2    7 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      0    8 = Boys, No Data on Girls

      0    9 = Girls, No Data on Boys

 

1536.  CHILDREN UNDER 6 TRADE

 

    180    . = Missing data 

      2    0 = Children this age do not do task

      0    1 = Boys this age

      1    2 = Girls this age

      0    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      3    4 = Not a Child's Task

      0    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      0    6 = Boys this age, No Data on Girls

      0    7 = Girls this age, No Data on Boys

 

1537.  CHILDREN 6 TO 10 TRADE

 

    176    . = Missing data 

      2    0 = Children this age do not do task

      0    1 = Boys this age

      5    2 = Girls this age

      0    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      3    4 = Not a Child's Task

      0    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      0    6 = Boys this age, No Data on Girls

      0    7 = Girls this age, No Data on Boys


1538.  CHILDREN OVER 10 TRADE

 

    170    . = Missing data 

      2    0 = Children this age do not do task

      4    1 = Boys this age

      4    2 = Girls this age

      3    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      3    4 = Not a Child's Task

      0    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      0    6 = Boys this age, No Data on Girls

      0    7 = Girls this age, No Data on Boys

 

1539.  WHO CONTROLS THE CASH FROM TRADE?

 

    173    . = Missing data 

      3    0 = None

      7    1 = Child

      1    2 = Parents

      0    3 = Other

      2    4 = Child and Parents

 

1540.  CHILDREN TRADE ALONE

 

    176    . = Missing data

      3    0 = Activity not present

      4    1 = Yes, Children do this

      3    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1541.  CHILDREN TRADE ALONGSIDE OTHER CHILDREN

 

    176    . = Missing data

      3    0 = Activity not present

      0    1 = Yes, Children do this

      7    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1542.  CHILDREN TRADE ALONGSIDE ADULTS

 

    176    . = Missing data

      3    0 = Activity not present

      5    1 = Yes, Children do this

      2    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1543.  IMPORTANCE OF BOY TRADING

 

    176    . = Missing data

      3    0 = Boys do not do this task

      0    1 = The most important task for boys

      7    2 = Boys commonly do the task, but not their most important

      0    3 = Boys rarely do, or usually done by girls

 

1544.  IMPORTANCE OF GIRL TRADING

 

    176    . = Missing data

      3    0 = Girls do not do this task

      0    1 = The most important task for Girls

      7    2 = Girls commonly do the task, but not their most important

      0    3 = Girls rarely do, or usually done by boys

 

 


1545.  ADULT PREFERENCE IN TRADE

 

    131    . = Missing data

      2    0 = None (e.g.,Activity not present)

     33    1 = Common or important adult task

      0    2 = Not preferred by adults, considered child's task

      0    3 = Usually adult task; kids do only if suitable adult absent

 

1546.  ADULTS GATHER

 

    133    . = Missing data 

     11    0 = Activity not present

      0    1 = Men Only

      0    2 = Men Predominant

      4    3 = Men and Women Equal

      9    4 = Women Predominant

     26    5 = Women Only

      0    6 = Not an Adult Task

      1    7 = Adult Task, No Data on Sex

      1    8 = Men, No Data on Women

      1    9 = Women, No Data on Men

 

1547.  CHILDREN GATHER

 

    151    . = Missing data 

     11    0 = Activity not present

      1    1 = Boys Only

      1    2 = Boys Predominant

      4    3 = Boys and Girls Equal

      5    4 = Girls Predominant

      9    5 = Girls Only

      0    6 = Not a Child's Task

      3    7 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      0    8 = Boys, No Data on Girls

      1    9 = Girls, No Data on Boys

 

1548.  CHILDREN UNDER 6 GATHER

 

    173    . = Missing data 

     11    0 = Children this age do not do task

      0    1 = Boys this age

      1    2 = Girls this age

      1    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      0    4 = Not a Child's Task

      0    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      0    6 = Boys this age, No Data on Girls

      0    7 = Girls this age, No Data on Boys

 

1549.  CHILDREN 6 TO 10 GATHER

 

    162    . = Missing data 

     11    0 = Children this age do not do task

      1    1 = Boys this age

      4    2 = Girls this age

      5    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      0    4 = Not a Child's Task

      0    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      1    6 = Boys this age, No Data on Girls

      2    7 = Girls this age, No Data on Boys


1550.  CHILDREN OVER 10 GATHER

    159    . = Missing data 

     11    0 = Children this age do not do task

      2    1 = Boys this age

      7    2 = Girls this age

      4    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      1    4 = Not a Child's Task

      0    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      0    6 = Boys this age, No Data on Girls

      2    7 = Girls this age, No Data on Boys

 

1551.  WHO CONTROLS THE PRODUCTS OF GATHERING?

    156    . = Missing data 

     11    0 = None (e.g., activity not present)

      0    1 = Product consumer is child only

     12    2 = Product consumer is household or community

      0    3 = Wage labor/product sold

      0    4 = Household and wage labor or product sold

      7    5 = 1 and 2 above

 

1552.  CHILDREN GATHER ALONE

    158    . = Missing data

     11    0 = Activity not present

      0    1 = Yes, Children do this

     17    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1553.  CHILDREN GATHER WITH CHILDREN

    158    . = Missing data

     11    0 = Activity not present

      5    1 = Yes, Children do this

     12    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1554.  CHILDREN GATHER WITH ADULTS

    158    . = Missing data

     11    0 = Activity not present

     15    1 = Yes, Children do this

      2    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1555.  IMPORTANCE OF BOY GATHERING

    164    . = Missing data

     11    0 = Boys do not do this task

      0    1 = The most important task for boys

      7    2 = Boys commonly do the task, but not their most important

      4    3 = Boys rarely do, or usually done by girls

 

1556.  IMPORTANCE OF GIRL GATHERING

    160    . = Missing data

     11    0 = Girls do not do this task

      0    1 = The most important task for Girls

     14    2 = Girls commonly do the task, but not their most important

      1    3 = Girls rarely do, or usually done by boys

 

1557.  ADULT PREFERENCE GATHERING

    139    . = Missing data

     11    0 = None (e.g.,Activity not present)

     36    1 = Common or important adult task

      0    2 = Not preferred by adults, considered child's task

      0    3 = Usually adult task; kids do only if suitable adult absent


HOUSEHOLD DIVISION OF WORK 10

                         

Candice Bradley. 1987. Women, Children and Work. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. University of California, Irvine. UMI 8893611.

 

STDS75.DAT Vars. 1558-1591 Household division of work 10

 

1558.  ADULTS HUNT

 

    117    . = Missing data 

     14    0 = Activity not present

     41    1 = Men Only

     12    2 = Men Predominant

      2    3 = Men and Women Equal

      0    4 = Women Predominant

      0    5 = Women Only

      0    6 = Not an Adult Task

      0    7 = Adult Task, No Data on Sex

      0    8 = Men, No Data on Women

      0    9 = Women, No Data on Men

 

1559.  CHILDREN HUNT

 

    129    . = Missing data 

     14    0 = Activity not present

     31    1 = Boys Only

      4    2 = Boys Predominant

      3    3 = Boys and Girls Equal

      0    4 = Girls Predominant

      0    5 = Girls Only

      2    6 = Not a Child's Task

      2    7 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      1    8 = Boys, No Data on Girls

      0    9 = Girls, No Data on Boys

 

1560.  CHILDREN UNDER 6 HUNT

 

    169    . = Missing data 

     14    0 = Children this age do not do task

      0    1 = Boys this age

      0    2 = Girls this age

      1    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      2    4 = Not a Child's Task

      0    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      0    6 = Boys this age, No Data on Girls

      0    7 = Girls this age, No Data on Boys

 

1561.  CHILDREN 6 TO 10 HUNT

 

    152    . = Missing data 

     14    0 = Children this age do not do task

     14    1 = Boys this age

      0    2 = Girls this age

      3    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      2    4 = Not a Child's Task

      0    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      1    6 = Boys this age, No Data on Girls

      0    7 = Girls this age, No Data on Boys


1562.  CHILDREN OVER 10 HUNT

 

    144    . = Missing data 

     14    0 = Children this age do not do task

     21    1 = Boys this age

      0    2 = Girls this age

      5    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      2    4 = Not a Child's Task

      0    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      0    6 = Boys this age, No Data on Girls

      0    7 = Girls this age, No Data on Boys

 

1563.  WHO CONTROLS THE PRODUCTS OF HUNTING?

 

    142    . = Missing data 

     14    0 = None (e.g., activity not present)

      3    1 = Product consumer is child only

     10    2 = Product consumer is household or community

      0    3 = Wage labor/product sold

      3    4 = Household and wage labor or product sold

     12    5 = 1 and 2 above

      2    6 = All

 

1564.  CHILDREN HUNT ALONE

 

    144    . = Missing data

     14    0 = Activity not present

      7    1 = Yes, Children do this

     21    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1565.  CHILDREN HUNT WITH CHILDREN

 

    143    . = Missing data

     14    0 = Activity not present

     19    1 = Yes, Children do this

     10    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1566.  CHILDREN HUNT WITH ADULTS

 

    145    . = Missing data

     14    0 = Activity not present

     20    1 = Yes, Children do this

      7    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1567.  IMPORTANCE OF BOY HUNTING

 

    146    . = Missing data

     14    0 = Boys do not do this task

      4    1 = The most important task for boys

     18    2 = Boys commonly do the task, but not their most important

      4    3 = Boys rarely do, or usually done by girls

 

1568.  IMPORTANCE OF GIRL HUNTING

 

    167    . = Missing data

     14    0 = Girls do not do this task

      0    1 = The most important task for Girls

      5    2 = Girls commonly do the task, but not their most important

      0    3 = Girls rarely do, or usually done by boys


1569.  ADULT PREFERENCE HUNTING

 

    129    . = Missing data

     14    0 = None (e.g.,Activity not present)

     40    1 = Common or important adult task

      3    2 = Not preferred by adults, considered child's task

      0    3 = Usually adult task; kids do only if suitable adult absent

 

1570.  ADULTS DO CHILD CARE

 

    122    . = Missing data 

      0    0 = Activity not present

      0    1 = Men Only

      0    2 = Men Predominant

      4    3 = Men and Women Equal

     24    4 = Women Predominant

     33    5 = Women Only

      0    6 = Not an Adult Task

      0    7 = Adult Task, No Data on Sex

      0    8 = Men, No Data on Women

      3    9 = Women, No Data on Men

 

1571.  CHILDREN DO CHILD CARE

 

    138    . = Missing data 

      0    0 = Activity not present

      0    1 = Boys Only

      0    2 = Boys Predominant

     10    3 = Boys and Girls Equal

     13    4 = Girls Predominant

     13    5 = Girls Only

      1    6 = Not a Child's Task

      7    7 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      0    8 = Boys, No Data on Girls

      4    9 = Girls, No Data on Boys

 

1572.  CHILDREN UNDER 6 DO CHILD CARE

 

    181    . = Missing data 

      0    0 = Children this age do not do task

      0    1 = Boys this age

      3    2 = Girls this age

      0    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      0    4 = Not a Child's Task

      0    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      0    6 = Boys this age, No Data on Girls

      2    7 = Girls this age, No Data on Boys

 

1573.  CHILDREN 6 TO 10 DO CHILD CARE

 

    156    . = Missing data 

      0    0 = Children this age do not do task

      0    1 = Boys this age

      9    2 = Girls this age

     14    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      0    4 = Not a Child's Task

      2    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      0    6 = Boys this age, No Data on Girls

      5    7 = Girls this age, No Data on Boys


1574.  CHILDREN OVER 10 DO CHILD CARE

 

    159    . = Missing data 

      0    0 = Children this age do not do task

      0    1 = Boys this age

      9    2 = Girls this age

     10    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      0    4 = Not a Child's Task

      1    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      0    6 = Boys this age, No Data on Girls

      7    7 = Girls this age, No Data on Boys

 

1575.  CHILDREN DO CHILD CARE ALONE

 

    172    . = Missing data

      0    0 = Activity not present

      4    1 = Yes, Children do this

     10    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1576.  CHILDREN DO CHILD CARE ALONG WITH OTHER CHILDREN

 

    173    . = Missing data

      0    0 = Activity not present

      8    1 = Yes, Children do this

      5    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1577.  CHILDREN DO CHILD CARE WITH ADULTS

 

    174    . = Missing data

      0    0 = Activity not present

      9    1 = Yes, Children do this

      3    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1578.  IMPORTANCE OF BOY DOING CHILD CARE

 

    167    . = Missing data

      0    0 = Boys do not do this task

      2    1 = The most important task for boys

     11    2 = Boys commonly do the task, but not their most important

      6    3 = Boys rarely do, or usually done by girls

 

1579.  IMPORTANCE OF GIRL DOING CHILD CARE

 

    152    . = Missing data

      0    0 = Girls do not do this task

      3    1 = The most important task for Girls

     30    2 = Girls commonly do the task, but not their most important

      1    3 = Girls rarely do, or usually done by boys

 

1580.  ADULT PREFERENCE IN CHILD CARE

 

    129    . = Missing data

      0    0 = None (e.g.,Activity not present)

     56    1 = Common or important adult task

      1    2 = Not preferred by adults, considered child's task

      0    3 = Usually adult task; kids do only if suitable adult absent

 

 


1581.  ADULTS DO HOUSEKEEPING

    135    . = Missing data 

      1    0 = Activity not present

      0    1 = Men Only

      0    2 = Men Predominant

      1    3 = Men and Women Equal

      7    4 = Women Predominant

     39    5 = Women Only

      0    6 = Not an Adult Task

      0    7 = Adult Task, No Data on Sex

      0    8 = Men, No Data on Women

      3    9 = Women, No Data on Men

 

1582.  CHILDREN DO HOUSEKEEPING

    144    . = Missing data 

      1    0 = Activity not present

      0    1 = Boys Only

      0    2 = Boys Predominant

      1    3 = Boys and Girls Equal

      9    4 = Girls Predominant

     27    5 = Girls Only

      0    6 = Not a Child's Task

      2    7 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      0    8 = Boys, No Data on Girls

      2    9 = Girls, No Data on Boys

 

1583.  CHILDREN UNDER 6 DO HOUSEKEEPING

    183    . = Missing data 

      1    0 = Children this age do not do task

      0    1 = Boys this age

      1    2 = Girls this age

      0    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      0    4 = Not a Child's Task

      0    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      0    6 = Boys this age, No Data on Girls

      1    7 = Girls this age, No Data on Boys

 

1584.  CHILDREN 6 TO 10 DO HOUSEKEEPING

    162    . = Missing data 

      1    0 = Children this age do not do task

      0    1 = Boys this age

     17    2 = Girls this age

      5    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      0    4 = Not a Child's Task

      0    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      0    6 = Boys this age, No Data on Girls

      1    7 = Girls this age, No Data on Boys

 

1585.  CHILDREN OVER 10 DO HOUSEKEEPING

    161    . = Missing data 

      1    0 = Children this age do not do task

      0    1 = Boys this age

     17    2 = Girls this age

      6    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      0    4 = Not a Child's Task

      0    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      0    6 = Boys this age, No Data on Girls

      1    7 = Girls this age, No Data on Boys


1586.  CHILDREN DO HOUSEKEEPING ALONE

 

    165    . = Missing data

      1    0 = Activity not present

      4    1 = Yes, Children do this

     16    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1587.  CHILDREN DO HOUSEKEEPING WITH CHILDREN

 

    163    . = Missing data

      1   0 = Activity not present

      2    1 = Yes, Children do this

     20    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1588.  CHILDREN DO HOUSEKEEPING WITH ADULTS

 

    163    . = Missing data

      1    0 = Activity not present

     22    1 = Yes, Children do this

      0    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1589.  IMPORTANCE OF BOY HOUSEKEEPING

 

    178    . = Missing data

      1    0 = Boys do not do this task

      0    1 = The most important task for boys

      4    2 = Boys commonly do the task, but not their most important

      3    3 = Boys rarely do, or usually done by girls

 

1590.  IMPORTANCE OF GIRL HOUSEKEEPING

 

    159    . = Missing data

      1    0 = Girls do not do this task

      0    1 = The most important task for Girls

     26    2 = Girls commonly do the task, but not their most important

      0    3 = Girls rarely do, or usually done by boys

 

1591.  ADULT PREFERENCE HOUSEKEEPING

 

    140    . = Missing data

      1    0 = None (e.g.,Activity not present)

     45    1 = Common or important adult task

      0    2 = Not preferred by adults, considered child's task

      0    3 = Usually adult task; kids do only if suitable adult absent


HOUSEHOLD DIVISION OF WORK 11

 

Candice Bradley. 1987. Women, Children and Work. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. University of California, Irvine.  UMI 8893611.

 

STDS76.DAT Vars. 1592-1614 Household division of work 11

 

1592.  ADULTS COOK

 

    110    . = Missing data

      0    0 = Activity not present

      0    1 = Men Only

      1    2 = Men Predominant

      1    3 = Men and Women Equal

     25    4 = Women Predominant

     44    5 = Women Only

      0    6 = Not an Adult Task

      0    7 = Adult Task, No Data on Sex

      0    8 = Men, No Data on Women

      1    9 = Women, No Data on Men

 

1593.  CHILDREN COOK

 

    136    . = Missing data

      0    0 = Activity not present

      0    1 = Boys Only

      1    2 = Boys Predominant

      2    3 = Boys and Girls Equal

     12    4 = Girls Predominant

     31    5 = Girls Only

      2    6 = Not a Child's Task

      1    7 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      0    8 = Boys, No Data on Girls

      1    9 = Girls, No Data on Boys

 

1594.  CHILDREN UNDER 6 COOK

 

    180    . = Missing data

      0    0 = Children this age do not do task

      0    1 = Boys this age

      3    2 = Girls this age

      1    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      2    4 = Not a Child's Task

      0    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      0    6 = Boys this age, No Data on Girls

      0    7 = Girls this age, No Data on Boys

 

1595.  CHILDREN 6 TO 10 COOK

 

    159    . = Missing data

      0    0 = Children this age do not do task

      0    1 = Boys this age

     17    2 = Girls this age

      7    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      2    4 = Not a Child's Task

      0    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      0    6 = Boys this age, No Data on Girls

      1    7 = Girls this age, No Data on Boys


1596.  CHILDREN OVER 10 COOK

 

    153    . = Missing data

      0    0 = Children this age do not do task

      1    1 = Boys this age

     21    2 = Girls this age

      8    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      2    4 = Not a Child's Task

      0    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      0    6 = Boys this age, No Data on Girls

      1    7 = Girls this age, No Data on Boys

 

1597.  WHO CONTROLS THE PRODUCTS OF COOKING?

 

    147    . = Missing data

      0    0 = None (e.g., activity not present)

      0    1 = Product consumer is child only

      0    2 = Product consumer is household or community

      1    3 = Wage labor/Product sold

      0    4 = Household and wage labor or product sold

     37    5 = 1 and 2 above

      1    6 = All

 

1598.  CHILDREN COOK ALONE

 

    162    . = Missing data

      0    0 = Activity not present

      2    1 = Yes, Children do this

     22    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1599.  CHILDREN COOK WITH CHILDREN

 

    162    . = Missing data

      0    0 = Activity not present

      5    1 = Yes, Children do this

     19    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1600.  CHILDREN COOK WITH ADULTS

 

    162    . = Missing data

      0    0 = Activity not present

     24    1 = Yes, Children do this

      0    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1601.  IMPORTANCE OF BOY COOKING

 

    176    . = Missing data

      0    0 = Boys do not do this task

      0    1 = The most important task for boys

      5    2 = Boys commonly do the task, but not their most important

      5    3 = Boys rarely do, or usually done by girls

 

1602.  IMPORTANCE OF GIRL COOKING

 

    148    . = Missing data

      0    0 = Girls do not do this task

      1    1 = The most important task for Girls

     37    2 = Girls commonly do the task, but not their most important

      0    3 = Girls rarely do, or usually done by boys


1603.  ADULT PREFERENCE COOKING

 

    119    . = Missing data

      0    0 = None (e.g.,Activity not present)

     66    1 = Common or important adult task

      1    2 = Not preferred by adults, considered child's task

      0    3 = Usually adult task; kids do only if suitable adult absent

 

1604.  ADULTS TEND FIRES

 

    156    . = Missing data

      0    0 = Activity not present

      0    1 = Men Only

      0    2 = Men Predominant

      4    3 = Men and Women Equal

      6    4 = Women Predominant

     15    5 = Women Only

      0    6 = Not an Adult Task

      0    7 = Adult Task, No Data on Sex

      2    8 = Men, No Data on Women

      3    9 = Women, No Data on Men

 

1605.  CHILDREN TEND FIRES

 

    172    . = Missing data

      0    0 = Activity not present

      0    1 = Boys Only

      0    2 = Boys Predominant

      1    3 = Boys and Girls Equal

      3    4 = Girls Predominant

      4    5 = Girls Only

      0    6 = Not a Child's Task

      3    7 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      0    8 = Boys, No Data on Girls

      3    9 = Girls, No Data on Boys

 

1606.  CHILDREN UNDER 6 TEND FIRES

 

    186    . = Missing data

      0    0 = Children this age do not do task

      0    1 = Boys this age

      0    2 = Girls this age

      0    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      0    4 = Not a Child's Task

      0    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      0    6 = Boys this age, No Data on Girls

      0    7 = Girls this age, No Data on Boys

 

1607.  CHILDREN 6 TO 10 TEND FIRES

 

    179    . = Missing data

      0    0 = Children this age do not do task

      0    1 = Boys this age

      4    2 = Girls this age

      2    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      0    4 = Not a Child's Task

      0    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      0    6 = Boys this age, No Data on Girls

      1    7 = Girls this age, No Data on Boys


1608.  CHILDREN OVER 10 TEND FIRES

 

    178    . = Missing data

      0    0 = Children this age do not do task

      1    1 = Boys this age

      4    2 = Girls this age

      0    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      0    4 = Not a Child's Task

      2    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      0    6 = Boys this age, No Data on Girls

      1    7 = Girls this age, No Data on Boys

 

1609.  CHILDREN TEND FIRES ALONE

 

    182    . = Missing data

      0    0 = Activity not present

      0    1 = Yes, Children do this

      4    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1610.  CHILDREN TEND FIRES ALONG WITH OTHER CHILDREN

 

    182    . = Missing data

      0    0 = Activity not present

      1    1 = Yes, Children do this

      3    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1611.  CHILDREN TEND FIRES WITH ADULTS

 

    182    . = Missing data

      0    0 = Activity not present

      4    1 = Yes, Children do this

      0    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

 

1612.  IMPORTANCE OF BOY TENDING FIRES

 

    181    . = Missing data

      0    0 = Boys do not do this task

      0    1 = The most important task for boys

      3    2 = Boys commonly do the task, but not their most important

      2    3 = Boys rarely do, or usually done by girls

 

1613.  IMPORTANCE OF GIRL TENDING FIRES

 

    178    . = Missing data

      0    0 = Girls do not do this task

      0    1 = The most important task for Girls

      8    2 = Girls commonly do the task, but not their most important

      0    3 = Girls rarely do, or usually done by boys

 

1614.  ADULT PREFERENCE IN TENDING FIRES

 

    167    . = Missing data

      0    0 = None (e.g.,Activity not present)

     18    1 = Common or important adult task

      1    2 = Not preferred by adults, considered child's task

      0    3 = Usually adult task; kids do only if suitable adult absent


HOUSEHOLD DIVISION OF WORK 12

 

Candice Bradley. 1987. Women, Children and Work. Unpublished

      Ph.D. dissertation. University of California, Irvine.

      UMI 8893611.

 

STDS77.DAT Vars. 1615-1647 Household division of work 12

 

1615.  ADULTS GATHER FUEL

 

    135    . = Missing data

      0    0 = Activity not present

      0    1 = Men Only

      5    2 = Men Predominant

      2    3 = Men and Women Equal

     13    4 = Women Predominant

     27    5 = Women Only

      0    6 = Not an Adult Task

      0    7 = Adult Task, No Data on Sex

      1    8 = Men, No Data on Women

      3    9 = Women, No Data on Men

 

1616.  CHILDREN GATHER FUEL

 

    138    . = Missing data

      0    0 = Activity not present

      2    1 = Boys Only

      4    2 = Boys Predominant

      5    3 = Boys and Girls Equal

      6    4 = Girls Predominant

     21    5 = Girls Only

      0    6 = Not a Child's Task

      7    7 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      1    8 = Boys, No Data on Girls

      2    9 = Girls, No Data on Boys

 

1617.  CHILDREN UNDER 6 GATHER FUEL

 

    180    . = Missing data

      0    0 = Children this age do not do task

      1    1 = Boys this age

      2    2 = Girls this age

      2    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      0    4 = Not a Child's Task

      0    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      0    6 = Boys this age, No Data on Girls

      1    7 = Girls this age, No Data on Boys

 

1618.  CHILDREN 6 TO 10 GATHER FUEL

 

    164    . = Missing data

      0    0 = Children this age do not do task

      0    1 = Boys this age

      9    2 = Girls this age

      8    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      0    4 = Not a Child's Task

      1    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      1    6 = Boys this age, No Data on Girls

      3    7 = Girls this age, No Data on Boys


1619.  CHILDREN OVER 10 GATHER FUEL

 

    164    . = Missing data

      0    0 = Children this age do not do task

      1    1 = Boys this age

     10    2 = Girls this age

      7    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      0    4 = Not a Child's Task

      0    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      1    6 = Boys this age, No Data on Girls

      3    7 = Girls this age, No Data on Boys

 

1620.  CHILDREN GATHER FUEL ALONE

 

    173    . = Missing data

      0    0 = Activity not present

      3    1 = Yes, Children do this

     10    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1621.  CHILDREN GATHER FUEL WITH CHILDREN

 

    172    . = Missing data

      0    0 = Activity not present

      4    1 = Yes, Children do this

     10    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1622.  CHILDREN GATHER FUEL WITH ADULTS

 

    173    . = Missing data

      0    0 = Activity not present

     13    1 = Yes, Children do this

      0    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1623.  IMPORTANCE OF BOY GATHERING FUEL

 

    172    . = Missing data

      0    0 = Boys do not do this task

      0    1 = The most important task for boys

     10    2 = Boys commonly do the task, but not their most important

      4    3 = Boys rarely do, or usually done by girls

 

1624.  IMPORTANCE OF GIRL GATHERING FUEL

 

    158    . = Missing data

      0    0 = Girls do not do this task

      1    1 = The most important task for Girls

     26    2 = Girls commonly do the task, but not their most important

      1    3 = Girls rarely do, or usually done by boys

 

1625.  ADULT PREFERENCE FUEL GATHERING

 

    145    . = Missing data

      0    0 = None (e.g.,Activity not present)

     36    1 = Common or important adult task

      3    2 = Not preferred by adults, considered child's task

      2    3 = Usually adult task; kids do only if suitable adult absent

 

 


1626.  ADULTS CARRY BURDENS

    135    . = Missing data

      1    0 = Activity not present

      2    1 = Men Only

      5    2 = Men Predominant

      9    3 = Men and Women Equal

     15    4 = Women Predominant

      7    5 = Women Only

      0    6 = Not an Adult Task

      0    7 = Adult Task, No Data on Sex

      2    8 = Men, No Data on Women

     10    9 = Women, No Data on Men

 

1627.  CHILDREN CARRY BURDENS

    161    . = Missing data

      1    0 = Activity not present

      1    1 = Boys Only

      1    2 = Boys Predominant

      6    3 = Boys and Girls Equal

      3    4 = Girls Predominant

      5    5 = Girls Only

      1    6 = Not a Child's Task

      4    7 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      1    8 = Boys, No Data on Girls

      2    9 = Girls, No Data on Boys

 

1628.  CHILDREN UNDER 6 CARRY BURDENS

    182    . = Missing data

      1    0 = Children this age do not do task

      0    1 = Boys this age

      0    2 = Girls this age

      1    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      0    4 = Not a Child's Task

      0    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      0    6 = Boys this age, No Data on Girls

      2    7 = Girls this age, No Data on Boys

 

1629.  CHILDREN 6 TO 10 CARRY BURDENS

    181    . = Missing data

      1    0 = Children this age do not do task

      0    1 = Boys this age

      0    2 = Girls this age

      3    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      0    4 = Not a Child's Task

      0    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      0    6 = Boys this age, No Data on Girls

      1    7 = Girls this age, No Data on Boys

 

1630.  CHILDREN OVER 10 CARRY BURDENS

    177    . = Missing data

      1    0 = Children this age do not do task

      1    1 = Boys this age

      2    2 = Girls this age

      3    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      0    4 = Not a Child's Task

      0    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      1    6 = Boys this age, No Data on Girls

      1    7 = Girls this age, No Data on Boys


1631.  CHILDREN CARRY BURDENS ALONE

 

    180    . = Missing data

      1    0 = Activity not present

      1    1 = Yes, Children do this

      4    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1632.  CHILDREN CARRY BURDENS ALONG WITH OTHER CHILDREN

 

    180    . = Missing data

      1    0 = Activity not present

      2    1 = Yes, Children do this

      3    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1633.  CHILDREN CARRY BURDENS WITH ADULTS

 

    180    . = Missing data

      1    0 = Activity not present

      5    1 = Yes, Children do this

      0    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1634.  IMPORTANCE OF BOY CARRYING BURDENS

 

    180    . = Missing data

      1    0 = Boys do not do this task

      0    1 = The most important task for boys

      4    2 = Boys commonly do the task, but not their most important

      1    3 = Boys rarely do, or usually done by girls

 

1635.  IMPORTANCE OF GIRL CARRYING BURDENS

 

    174    . = Missing data

      1    0 = Girls do not do this task

      0    1 = The most important task for Girls

     11    2 = Girls commonly do the task, but not their most important

      0    3 = Girls rarely do, or usually done by boys

 

1636.  ADULT PREFERENCE IN CARRYING BURDENS

 

    158    . = Missing data

      1    0 = None (e.g.,Activity not present)

     26    1 = Common or important adult task

      1    2 = Not preferred by adults, considered child's task

      0    3 = Usually adult task; kids do only if suitable adult absent

 

1637.  ADULTS CARRY WATER

 

    135    . = Missing data

      2    0 = Activity not present

      0    1 = Men Only

      1    2 = Men Predominant

      2    3 = Men and Women Equal

      5    4 = Women Predominant

     39    5 = Women Only

      0    6 = Not an Adult Task

      0    7 = Adult Task, No Data on Sex

      0    8 = Men, No Data on Women

      2    9 = Women, No Data on Men

 


1638.  CHILDREN CARRY WATER

 

    137    . = Missing data

      2    0 = Activity not present

      1    1 = Boys Only

      0    2 = Boys Predominant

      3    3 = Boys and Girls Equal

     10    4 = Girls Predominant

     26    5 = Girls Only

      0    6 = Not a Child's Task

      5    7 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      1    8 = Boys, No Data on Girls

      1    9 = Girls, No Data on Boys

 

1639.  CHILDREN UNDER 6 CARRY WATER

 

    180    . = Missing data

      2    0 = Children this age do not do task

      0    1 = Boys this age

      4    2 = Girls this age

      0    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      0    4 = Not a Child's Task

      0    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      0    6 = Boys this age, No Data on Girls

      0    7 = Girls this age, No Data on Boys

 

1640.  CHILDREN 6 TO 10 CARRY WATER

    156    . = Missing data

      2    0 = Children this age do not do task

      0    1 = Boys this age

     16    2 = Girls this age

      9    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      0    4 = Not a Child's Task

      0    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      1    6 = Boys this age, No Data on Girls

      2    7 = Girls this age, No Data on Boys

 

1641.  CHILDREN OVER 10 CARRY WATER

    154    . = Missing data

      2    0 = Children this age do not do task

      1    1 = Boys this age

     20    2 = Girls this age

      6    3 = Boys and Girls this age

      0    4 = Not a Child's Task

      0    5 = Child Task, no Data on Sex

      1    6 = Boys this age, No Data on Girls

      2    7 = Girls this age, No Data on Boys

 

1642.  CHILDREN CARRY WATER ALONE

    172    . = Missing data

      2    0 = Activity not present

      1    1 = Yes, Children do this

     11    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1643.  CHILDREN CARRY WATER ALONG WITH OTHER CHILDREN

    171    . = Missing data

      2    0 = Activity not present

      8    1 = Yes, Children do this

      5    2 = No, Children do not do this


1644.  CHILDREN CARRY WATER WITH ADULTS

 

    172    . = Missing data

      2    0 = Activity not present

      9    1 = Yes, Children do this

      3    2 = No, Children do not do this

 

1645.  IMPORTANCE OF BOY CARRYING WATER

 

    172    . = Missing data

      2    0 = Boys do not do this task

      0    1 = The most important task for boys

      7    2 = Boys commonly do the task, but not their most important

      5    3 = Boys rarely do, or usually done by girls

 

1646.  IMPORTANCE OF GIRL CARRYING WATER

 

    155    . = Missing data

      2    0 = Girls do not do this task

      2    1 = The most important task for Girls

     27    2 = Girls commonly do the task, but not their most important

      0    3 = Girls rarely do, or usually done by boys

 

1647.  ADULT PREFERENCE IN CARRYING WATER

 

    148    . = Missing data

      2    0 = None (e.g.,Activity not present)

     31    1 = Common or important adult task

      4    2 = Not preferred by adults, considered child's task

      1    3 = Usually adult task; kids do only if suitable adult absent


Warfare, Aggression, and Resource Problems Codes

 

Ember, Carol R. and Melvin Ember. 1992. Codebook for "Warfare, Aggression, and Resource Problems: Cross-Cultural Codes".  Behavior Science Research; Vol 26: 169-186.

 

STDS78.DAT Vars. 1648-1691 Warfare, Aggression, Resource Problems

 

1648.  Overall frequency of warfare (resolved rating)

     19    0 = No resolved rating (original code 0)

     39    1 = Warfare seems to be absent or rare (original code 1)

      2    2 = original code 1.25

      5    3 = original code 1.5

      1    4 = original code 1.625

      2    5 = original code 1.75

      9    6 = Warfare seems to occur once every 3 to 10 years

           *   (original code 2)

      3    7 = original code 2.25

      6    8 = original code 2.5

      4    9 = original code 2.75

      4   10 = Warfare seems to occur at least once every 2 years

           *   (original code 3)

      4   11 = original code 3.25

      9   12 = original code 3.5

      5   13 = original code 3.75

      5   14 = Warfare seems to occur every year, but usually only

           *   during a particular season (original code 4)

      1   15 = original code 4.25

     12   16 = original code 4.5

      5   17 = original code 4.75

     44   18 = Warfare seems to occur almost constantly and at any

           *   time of the year (original code 5)

      7   88 = Don't know or unclear (original code 8)

 

1649.  Frequency of internal warfare (resolved rating)

     23    0 = No resolved rating (original code 0)

     60    1 = Internal warfare seems to be absent or rare

           *   (original code 1)

      4    2 = original code 1.25

      5    3 = original code 1.5

      4    4 = original code 1.75

      7    5 = Internal warfare seems to occur once every 3 to 10

           *   years (original code 2)

      3    6 = original code 2.25

      5    7 = original code 2.5

      2    8 = original code 2.75

      4    9 = Internal warfare seems to occur once every 2 years

           *   (original code 3)

      3   10 = original code 3.25

      6   11 = original code 3.5

      2   12 = original code 3.75

      8   13 = Internal warfare seems to occur every year, but

           *   usually only during a particular season (original code 4)

      1   14 = original code 4.25

     10   15 = original code 4.5

      1   16 = original code 4.75

     27   17 = Internal warfare seems to occur almost constantly and

           *   at any time of the year (original code 5)

     11   88 = Don't know or unclear (original code 8)

 

1650.  Frequency of external warfare (resolved rating)

     26    0 = No resolved rating (original code 0)

     52    1 = External warfare seems to be absent or rare (original code 1)

      2    2 = original code 1.25

      8    3 = original code 1.5

      1    4 = original code 1.75

     10    5 = External warfare seems to occur once every 3 to 10

           *   years (original code 2)

      3    6 = original code 2.25

      7    7 = original code 2.5

      2    8 = original code 2.75

      6    9 = External warfare seems to occur at least once every

           *   two years (original code 3)

      3   10 = original code 3.25

      3   11 = original code 3.5

      3   12 = original code 3.75

      5   13 = External warfare seems to occur every year, but

           *   usually only during a particular season (original code 4)

      1   14 = original code 4.25

      7   15 = original code 4.5

      4   16 = original code 4.75

     37   17 = External warfare seems to occur almost constantly and

           *   at any time of the year (original code 5)

      6   88 = Don't know or unclear (original code 8)

 

1651.  Reliability of Overall Warfare Ratings

     11    0 = No reliability score (see Variable 1651 in STDS78.REL

           *   for reasons)

     80    1 = The different coders agree perfectly (including the

           *   situation when they both said "don't know")

     21    2 = The different coders are not more than .5 point apart

           *   on the original scale

     24    3 = The different coders are not more than 1 point apart

           *   on the original scale

      1    4 = One of the first two coders says "don't know" and the

           *   other two coders would have received a reliability

           *   score of 1, 2, or 3 if they had been the only raters

     11    5 = The coders are more than 1 point apart on the original

           *   scale, but the ratings do not cross the dichotomy on

           *   frequency (greater than or equal to once every two years

           *   vs. less often) that we have used in previous studies of

           *   warfare

      2    6 = One coder says "don't know" and the two others would

           *   have received a reliability score of 5 if they had

           *   been the only raters

     31    7 = Two coders are more than 1 point apart and do not meet

           *   the condition mentioned in reliability score 5

      5    8 = One rater says "don't know" and does not meet the

           *   conditions specified in reliability scores 4 or 6

 

1652.  Reliability of Internal Warfare Ratings

     12    0 = No reliability score (see Variable 1651 in STDS78.REL

           *   for reasons)

     84    1 = The different coders agree perfectly (including the

           *   situation when they both said "don't know")

     11    2 = The different coders are not more than .5 point apart

           *   on the original scale

     19    3 = The different coders are not more than 1 point apart

           *   on the original scale

      7    4 = One of the first two coders says "don't know" and the

           *   other two coders would have received a reliability

           *   score of 1, 2, or 3 if they had been the only raters

      6    5 = The coders are more than 1 point apart on the original

           *   scale, but the ratings do not cross the dichotomy on

           *   frequency (greater than or equal to once every two years

           *   vs. less often) that we have used in previous studies of

           *   warfare

      2    6 = One coder says "don't know" and the two others would

           *   have received a reliability score of 5 if they had

           *   been the only raters

     35    7 = Two coders are more than 1 point apart and do not meet

           *   the condition mentioned in reliability score 5

     10    8 = One rater says "don't know" and does not meet the

           *   conditions specified in reliability scores 4 or 6

 

1653.  Reliability of External Warfare Ratings

     14    0 = No reliability score (see Variable 1651 in STDS78.REL

           *   for reasons)

     84    1 = The different coders agree perfectly (including the

           *   situation when they both said "don't know")

     13    2 = The different coders are not more than .5 point apart

     20    3 = The different coders are not more than 1 point apart

      4    4 = One of the first two coders says " don't know" and the

           *   other two coders would have received a reliability

           *   score of 1, 2, or 3 if they had been the only raters

     11    5 = The coders are more than 1 point apart, but the

           *   ratings do not cross the dichotomy on frequency

           *   (greater than or equal to once every two years vs.

           *   less often) that we have used in previous studies of

           *   warfare

      3    6 = One coder says "don't know" and the two others would

           *   have received a reliability score of 5 if they had

           *   been the only raters

     23    7 = Two coders are more than 1 point apart and do not meet

           *   the condition mentioned in reliability score 5

     14    8 = One rater says "don't know" and does not meet the

           *   conditions specified in reliability scores 4 or 6

 

1654.  Pacification

     73    1 = Not pacified for all or part of the twenty-five-year

           *   time period (as reported by ethnographer)

     41    2 = Inferred to be unpacified because warfare frequency is

           *   greater than or equal to 3

      9    3 = Not completely pacified: some indication that warfare

           *   has decreased because of pacification attempts

     28    4 = Pacified before the twenty-five-year ethnographic

           *   present

      3    6 = The culture is part of a state society; since the

           *   culture is not independent, pacification cannot be

           *   judged

     19    7 = Ambiguous or contradictory information

     13    9 = Not enough information to judge

 

1655.  Outcomes regarding land in internal warfare

     32    0 = No resolved rating (original code 0)

     27    1 = The defeated are never driven from their territory

           *   (original code 1)

      1    2 = original code 1.25

      2    3 = original code 1.5

      4    4 = The defeated are sometimes driven from their

           *   territory, and the victorious rarely use the land of

           *   the defeated (original code 2)

      3    5 = original code 2.5

     16    6 = The defeated are sometimes driven from their

           *   territory, and the victorious sometimes use the land

           *   of the defeated (original code 3)

      1    7 = original code 3.75

      2    8 = The defeated are usually driven from their territory,

           *   and the victorious sometimes use the land of the

           *   defeated (original code 4)

      1    9 = original code 4.5

      1   10 = original code 4.75

     10   11 = The defeated are usually driven from their territory,

           *   and the victorious usually use the land of the

           *   defeated (original code 5)

      2   12 = Land is taken, but apparently not used (original code 7)

     30   88 = Don't know (original code 8)

     54   99 = Not applicable (there is no or rare warfare of this type)

           *   (original code 9)

 

1656.  Outcomes regarding land in external warfare

     41    0 = No resolved rating (original code 0)

     21    1 = The defeated are never driven from their territory

           *   (original code 1)

      2    2 = original code 1.5

      6    3 = The defeated are sometimes driven from their

           *   territory, and the victorious rarely use the land of

           *   the defeated (original code 2)

      3    4 = original code 2.5

     10    5 = The defeated are sometimes driven from their

           *   territory, and the victorious sometimes use the land

           *   of the defeated (original code 3)

      1    6 = original code 3.25

      2    7 = original code 3.5

      4    8 = The defeated are usually driven from their territory,

           *   and the victorious sometimes use the land of the

           *   defeated (original code 4)

      5    9 = original code 4.5

     17   10 = The defeated are usually driven from their territory,

           *   and the victorious usually use the land of the

           *   defeated (original code 5)

     25   88 = Don't know (original code 8)

     49   99 = Not applicable (there is no or rare warfare of this type)

           *   (original code 9)

 

1657.  Outcomes regarding land in war overall - combined scale scores

         from Vars 1655 and 1656 according to the rules following

         this section:

 

    106    0 = No score (original code 0)

     22    1 = Original score 1

      2    2 = Original score 1.5

      5    3 = Original score 2

      2    4 = Original score 2.5

     17    5 = Original score 3

      1    6 = Original score 3.25

      5    7 = Original score 4

      5    8 = Original score 4.5

     21    9 = Original score 5

         If both internal and external warfare were present,

         and if the coders made a resolved rating for both

         types of outcomes, we used the higher scale score of

         Vars 1655 or 1656 for the rating of Var 1657.

         If there was only one resolved rating (between 1 and

         5 on the original scale) and the other rating was

         8 ("don't know"), we used the former, but only if that score

         was in the high categories (3-5); if the former scale was in the

         low categories (1-2), the case was listed as uncodable in Var 1657.

         If there was only 1 resolved rating between 1 and 5,

         and if the other rating was 9 ("not applicable"), we

         used the former for Var 1657.

         If the case could not be coded for the above rules, or

         if the scores for internal and external warfare were 8

         or 9, the case was scored as 0.

 

1658.  Outcomes regarding nonland resources in internal warfare

     33    0 = No resolved rating (original code 0)

      7    1 = Nonland resources are never taken from the defeated

           *   (original code 1)

      1    2 = original code 1.25

      1    3 = original code 1.75

      4    4 = Nonland resources are sometimes taken from the

           *   defeated (original code 2)

      2    5 = original code 2.25

      4    6 = original code 2.5

      1    7 = original code 2.75

      3    8 = Nonland resources are usually taken from the defeated

           *   (original code 3)

      1    9 = original code 3.25

     12   10 = original code 3.5

      1   11 = original code 3.75

     38   12 = Nonland resources are always taken from the defeated

           *   (original code 4)

     25   88 = Don't know (original code 8)

     53   99 = Not applicable (there is no warfare of this type)

           *   (original code 9)

 

1659.  Outcomes regarding nonland resources in external warfare

     34    0 = No resolved rating (original code 0)

      2    1 = Nonland resources are never taken from the defeated

           *   (original code 1)

      1    2 = original code 1.5

      1    3 = original code 1.75

      1    4 = Nonland resources are sometimes taken from the

           *   defeated (original code 2)

      2    5 = original code 2.25

      4    6 = original code 2.5

      1    7 = original code 2.75

      4    8 = Nonland resources are usually taken from the defeated

           *   (original code 3)

     13    9 = original code 3.5

      5   10 = original code 3.75

     49   11 = Nonland resources are always taken from the defeated

           *   (original code 4)

     20   12 = Don't know (original code 8)

     49   88 = Not applicable (there is no or rare warfare of this type)

           *   (original code 9)

 


1660.  Outcomes regarding nonland resources in war overall - combined scale

         scores from Vars 1658 and 1659 according to the rules following

         this section:

     89    0 = No score (original code 0)

      3    1 = Original score 1

      2    2 = Original score 1.75

      1    3 = Original score 2

      2    4 = Original score 2.25

      3    5 = Original score 2.5

      2    6 = Original score 2.75

      3    7 = Original score 3

     16    8 = Original score 3.5

      4    9 = Original score 3.75

     61   10 = Original score 4

         If both internal and external warfare were present,

         and if the coders made a resolved rating for both

         types of outcomes, we used the higher scale score of

         Var 1658 or 1659 for the rating of Var 1660.

         If there was only one resolved rating (between 1 and

         5 on the original scale) and the other rating was

         8 ("don't know"), we used the former, but only if that

         score was in the high categories (3-4); if the former

         scale was in the low categories (1-2), the case was listed

         as uncodable in Var 1660.

         If there was only 1 resolved rating between 1 and 5,

         and if the other rating was 9 ("not applicable"), we

         used the former for Var 1660.

         If the case could not be coded for the above rules, or

         if the original scores for internal and external warfare

         were 8 or 9, the case was scored as 0.

 

1661.  Reliability of Outcomes of Internal Warfare Ratings (Var. 1655)

     17    0 = No reliability score (see Variable 1651 in STDS78.REL

           *   for reasons)

     89    1 = The different coders agree perfectly (including the

           *   situation when they both said "don't know")

      2    2 = The different coders are not more than .5 apart

           *   on the original scale

      5    3 = The different coders are not more than 1 point apart

           *   on the original scale

     11    4 = One coder says "don't know" or "not applicable" and

           *   the other two coders would have received a reliability

           *   score of 1, 2, or 3 if they had been the only raters

      5    5 = The coders are more than 1 point apart on the original scale

           *   (from 1-5), but the ratings do not cross the dichotomy

           *   between scores 2 and 3 on Var. 1655

     12    6 = One coder says "don't know" or "not applicable", and

           *   the two others would have received a reliability score

           *   of 5 if they had been the only raters.  Also scored as

           *   6: one coder said "don't know" and the other said "not

           *   applicable"

      7    7 = Two coders are more than 1 point apart on the original scale

           *   and their scores are not on one side of the dichotomy

           *   mentioned in reliability score 5

     38    8 = One of the two or three raters says "don't know" or

           *   "not applicable", and the second one (if only two

           *   raters) assigned a score of 1-5 to the case; if there

           *   are three raters, the other two do not meet the

           *   reliability conditions of reliability scores 4 or 6

 

1662.  Reliability of Outcomes of External Warfare Ratings (Var. 1656)

     18    0 = No reliability score (see Variable 1651 in STDS78.REL

           *   for reasons)

     65    1 = The different coders agree perfectly (including the

           *   situation when they both said "don't know")

      1    2 = The different coders are not more than .5 apart

           *   on the original scale

      6    3 = The different coders are not more than 1 point apart

           *   on the original scale

     10    4 = One coder says "don't know" or "not applicable" and

           *   the other two coders would have received a reliability

           *   score of 1, 2, or 3 if they had been the only raters

      7    5 = The coders are more than 1 point apart on the original scale

           *   (from 1-5), but the ratings do not cross the dichotomy

           *   between scores 2 and 3 on Var. 1656

     14    6 = One coder says "don't know" or "not applicable", and

           *   the two others would have received a reliability score

           *   of 5 if they had been the only raters.  Also scored as

           *   6: one coder said "don't know" and the other said "not

           *   applicable"

     16    7 = Two coders are more than 1 point apart on the original scale

           *   and their scores are not on one side of the dichotomy

           *   mentioned in reliability score 5

     49    8 = One of the two or three raters says "don't know" or

           *   "not applicable", and the second one (if only two

           *   raters) assigned a score of 1-5 to the case; if there

           *   are three raters, the other two do not meet the

           *   reliability conditions of reliability scores 4 or 6

 

1663.  Reliability of Outcomes of Internal Warfare Ratings (Var. 1658)

     18    0 = No reliability score (see Variable 1651 in STDS78.REL

           *   for reasons)

     83    1 = The different coders agree perfectly (including the

           *   situation when they both said "don't know")

      3    2 = The different coders are not more than .5 apart

           *   on the original scale

     15    3 = The different coders are not more than 1 point apart

           *   on the original scale

     17    4 = One coder says "don't know" or "not applicable" and

           *   the other two coders would have received a reliability

           *   score of 1, 2, or 3 if they had been the only raters

      4    5 = The coders are more than 1 point apart on the original scale

           *   (from 1-5), but the ratings do not cross the dichotomy

           *   between scores 1 and 2 on Var. 1658

     11    6 = One coder says "don't know" or "not applicable", and

           *   the two others would have received a reliability score

           *   of 5 if they had been the only raters.  Also scored as

           *   6: one coder said "don't know" and the other said "not

           *   applicable"

      4    7 = Two coders are more than 1 point apart on the original scale

           *   and their scores are not on one side of the dichotomy

           *   mentioned in reliability score 5

     31    8 = One of the two or three raters says "don't know" or

           *   "not applicable", and the second one (if only two

           *   raters) assigned a score of 1-5 to the case; if there

           *   are three raters, the other two do not meet the

           *   reliability conditions of reliability scores 4 or 6

 


1664.  Reliability of Outcomes of External Warfare ratings (Var. 1659)

     18    0 = No reliability score (see Variable 1651 in STDS78.REL

           *   for reasons)

     79    1 = The different coders agree perfectly (including the

           *   situation when they both said "don't know")

      4    2 = The different coders are not more than .5 apart

           *   on the original scale

     12    3 = The different coders are not more than 1 point apart

           *   on the original scale

     21    4 = One coder says "don't know" or "not applicable" and

           *   the other two coders would have received a reliability

           *   score of 1, 2, or 3 if they had been the only raters

      3    5 = The coders are more than 1 point apart on the original scale

           *   (from 1-5), but the ratings do not cross the dichotomy

           *   between scores 1 and 2 on Var. 1659

     13    6 = One coder says "don't know" or "not applicable", and

           *   the two others would have received a reliability score

           *   of 5 if they had been the only raters.  Also scored as

           *   6: one coder said "don't know" and the other said "not

           *   applicable"

      0    7 = Two coders are more than 1 point apart on the original scale

           *   and their scores are not on one side of the dichotomy

           *   mentioned in reliability score 5

     36    8 = One of the two or three raters says "don't know" or

           *   "not applicable", and the second one (if only two

           *   raters) assigned a score of 1-5 to the case; if there

           *   are three raters, the other two do not meet the

           *   reliability conditions of reliability scores 4 or 6

 

1665.  Individual Aggression - Homicide

     31    0 = No resolved rating (original code 0)

     45    1 = Low (original code 1)

      8    2 = original code 1.25

     10    3 = original code 1.5

      2    4 = original code 1.75

     25    5 = Moderate (original code 2)

      6    6 = original code 2.25

      7    7 = original code 2.5

      5    8 = original code 2.75

     13    9 = High (original code 3)

     34   88 = Don't know (original code 8)

 

1666.  Individual Aggression - Assault

     31    0 = No resolved rating (original code 0)

     29    1 = Low (original code 1)

      7    2 = original code 1.25

     13    3 = original code 1.5

      2    4 = original code 1.75

     20    5 = Moderate (original code 2)

      4    6 = original code 2.25

      7    7 = original code 2.5

      6    8 = original code 2.75

     25    9 = High (original code 3)

     42   88 = Don't know (original code 8)

 

 


1667.  Individual Aggression - Theft

     32    0 = No resolved rating (original code 0)

     37    1 = Low (original code 1)

      4    2 = original code 1.25

     14    3 = original code 1.5

      2    4 = original code 1.75

     21    5 = Moderate (original code 2)

      1    6 = original code 2.25

      8    7 = original code 2.5

      2    8 = original code 2.75

     23    9 = High (original code 3)

     42   88 = Don't know (original code 8)

 

1668.  Individual Aggression - Trespass

     47    0 = No resolved rating (original code 0)

     21    1 = Low (original code 1)

      1    2 = original code 1.25

      9    3 = original code 1.5

      1    4 = original code 1.75

     10    5 = Moderate (original code 2)

      0    6 = original code 2.25

      2    7 = original code 2.5

      1    8 = original code 2.75

      9    9 = High (original code 3)

     76   88 = Don't know (original code 8)

      9   99 = Not applicable (used only in the case of trespass)

 

1669.  Individual Aggression - Suicide (resolved ratings)

     27    0 = No resolved rating (original code 0)

     46    1 = Low (original code 1)

      1    2 = original code 1.25

      5    3 = original code 1.5

      3    4 = original code 1.75

     19    5 = Moderate (original code 2)

      0    6 = original code 2.25

      7    7 = original code 2.5

      0    8 = original code 2.75

      6    9 = High (original code 3)

     72   88 = Don't know (original code 8)

 

1670.  Reliability of Individual Aggression Ratings-Homicide (Var. 1665)

     14    0 = No reliability score (see Variable 1651 in STDS78.REL

           *   for reasons)

     81    1 = The different coders agree perfectly (including the

           *   situation when they both said "don't know")

     12    2 = The different coders are not more than .5 apart

           *   on the original scale

     15    3 = The different coders are not more than 1 point apart

           *   on the original scale

     14    4 = One coder says "don't know" or "not applicable" and

           *   the other two coders would have received a reliability

           *   score of 1, 2, or 3 if they had been the only raters

     11    7 = Two coders are more than 1 point apart

           *   on the original scale

     39    8 = One of the two or three raters says "don't know" or

           *   "not applicable", and the second one (if only two

           *   raters) assigned a score of 1-3 to the case; if there

           *   are three raters, the other two do not meet the

           *   reliability conditions of reliability score 4

 

1671.  Reliability of Individual Aggression Ratings-Assault (Var. 1666)

     14    0 = No reliability score (see Variable 1651 in STDS78.REL

           *   for reasons)

     81    1 = The different coders agree perfectly (including the

           *   situation when they both said "don't know")

     17    2 = The different coders are not more than .5 apart

           *   on the original scale

     26    3 = The different coders are not more than 1 point apart

           *   on the original scale

      9    4 = One coder says "don't know" or "not applicable" and

           *   the other two coders would have received a reliability

           *   score of 1, 2, or 3 if they had been the only raters

      9    7 = Two coders are more than 1 point apart

           *   on the original scale

     30    8 = One of the two or three raters says "don't know" or

           *   "not applicable", and the second one (if only two

           *   raters) assigned a score of 1-3 to the case; if there

           *   are three raters, the other two do not meet the

           *   reliability conditions of reliability score 4

 

1672.  Reliability of Individual Aggression Ratings-Theft (Var. 1667)

     14    0 = No reliability score (see Variable 1651 in STDS78.REL

           *   for reasons)

     93    1 = The different coders agree perfectly (including the

           *   situation when they both said "don't know")

      6    2 = The different coders are not more than .5 apart

           *   on the original scale

     21    3 = The different coders are not more than 1 point apart

           *   on the original scale

      7    4 = One coder says "don't know" or "not applicable" and

           *   the other two coders would have received a reliability

           *   score of 1, 2, or 3 if they had been the only raters

     17    7 = Two coders are more than 1 point apart

           *   on the original scale

     28    8 = One of the two or three raters says "don't know" or

           *   "not applicable", and the second one (if only two

           *   raters) assigned a score of 1-3 to the case; if there

           *   are three raters, the other two do not meet the

           *   reliability conditions of reliability score 4

 

1673.  Reliability of Individual Aggression Ratings-Trespass (Var. 1668)

     35    0 = No reliability score (see Variable 1651 in STDS78.REL

           *   for reasons)

     80    1 = The different coders agree perfectly (including the

           *   situation when they both said "don't know")

      1    2 = The different coders are not more than .5 apart

           *   on the original scale

      7    3 = The different coders are not more than 1 point apart

           *   on the original scale

      8    4 = One coder says "don't know" or "not applicable" and

           *   the other two coders would have received a reliability

           *   score of 1, 2, or 3 if they had been the only raters

      4    6 = One coder says "don't know" or "not applicable"

      1    7 = Two coders are more than 1 point apart

           *   on the original scale

     50    8 = One of the two or three raters says "don't know" or

           *   "not applicable", and the second one (if only two

           *   raters) assigned a score of 1-3 to the case; if there

           *   are three raters, the other two do not meet the

           *   reliability conditions of reliability scores 4 or 6

 

1674.  Reliability of Individual Aggression Ratings-Suicide (Var. 1669)

     15    0 = No reliability score (see Variable 1651 in STDS78.REL

           *   for reasons)

    111    1 = The different coders agree perfectly (including the

           *   situation when they both said "don't know")

      3    2 = The different coders are not more than .5 apart

           *   on the original scale

     17    3 = The different coders are not more than 1 point apart

           *   on the original scale

      6    4 = One coder says "don't know" or "not applicable" and

           *   the other two coders would have received a reliability

           *   score of 1, 2, or 3 if they had been the only raters

      3    7 = Two coders are more than 1 point apart

           *   on the original scale