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95+ Articles and Chapters in PDF - Douglas R. White

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    Math Anth

    Abstract. Following Houseman and White's definition of the core of a marriage network, we identify the core of the elite network of families colonial Guatemala in the period 1680 and 1800 in structural terms, ones related both to the concept of marriage relinking, used in research on the social organization of cognatic societies, and to the concept of wealth consolidation through structural endogamy. To test hypotheses about the relationship between the structural core of relinked marriages and the consolidation of wealth and prominence in a sample of elites in the richly documented dataset assembled by Casasola (1998, 2001), we develop a second measure of the prestige core of a marriage network, and measure the correlations between the two measures. The second measure uses the notion of network redundancy (White, 1998), in this case, redundancy between husband and wife in the accumulation of prestigious family names. This set of definitions is useful describe the structure and dynamics of cognatic descent groups, such as the Spanish kinship system. We find support for the following hypotheses:

    • The meaningful family subgroups are not unilineal descent groups but sets of cognates that are more densely intermarried, through various kinds of relinking.
    • Structural endogamy based on relinking is associated with wealth consolidation and thus with higher prestige.
    • Structural cohesion added by sibling and sibling-in-law links reinforced by structural endogamy is associated with consolidation of wealth from different ancestral sources.
    • Reconsolidation of wealth through relinking marriages is more likely the greater the number of siblings because this entails the division of family inheritance amongst a greater number of heirs. Relinking marriages will be less important when there is a single child as heir.
    • The type of relinking that is most important to membership in the prestige core of the marriage network is not the marriage between blood (consanguineal) relatives, but horizontal relinking between families and sibling sets, which resemble cycles of endogamous marriage among sets of families.

    Abstract. A network approach to economic organization, kinship systems and complexity dynamics is used to explore nomadic pastoralism as a socio-natural system. Graph theoretic measures of network cohesion are related to issues of the emergence, transformation and decay of social and economic networks and their sustainability and resilience in relation to the environment and the organization of energy, material, social, and informational flows.

    Abstract. Third factor tests using cross-tabulation methods are at the leading edge of cross-cultural research because they get us to think about replicating results, testing validity by controlling for reliability, discovering new relationships that are the result of interactions among variables, identifying invalid relationships by controlling for third factors, and showing how certain correlations are valid withing certain contexts but not others. One-factor tests help to overcome some of the limitations of cross-cultural research by testing for reliability and developing combined measures with higher levels of reliability.

    Abstract.

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