- then click at least one variable from the left column into the "Row" box
- and at least one from the left column into the "Column" box
- (sometimes you may want to click a control variable into the "Layers" box at the bottom
- (if you click several for each, all those in the row box will be run by all those in the column box).
- Before you click "Ok" to get the tables always do the following:

- You can click on Chi-Squared (but dont turn in these results to me, I just want a table with Cramer's V and tau-b) as a test of to what degree the sum of discrepancies of observed cell values (Obs for each cell) departs from what the expected value E of each cell (row total times col total divided by the grand total. Chi-squared is the sum ((Obs - E)^2)/(Grand Total) for each cell (^2 means squared). The df or degree of freedom for the table with NR = number of rows and NC = number of columns is (NR-1)(NC-1).
- Click on "Phi and Cramer's V" if you have nominal or on "Kendall's tau" if you have ordinal data. Kendall's Tau-b is for square tables; Kendal's tau-c is for rectangular tables.
- Click on "Continue," taking you back to the "Crosstabs" window.

- Click on "Row," or "Column" (but not both) in the "Percentages" box: this should correspond to your INDEPENDENT variable whose effects you will see in the opposite row or column.
- Click on "Continue," again taking you back to the "Crosstabs" window.