Frequency Table

Importance of Gossip in the Society


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 0 6 3.2 4.4 4.4
Not Important 9 4.8 6.7 11.1
2 2 1.1 1.5 12.6
2 15 8.1 11.1 23.7
3 3 1.6 2.2 25.9
3 37 19.9 27.4 53.3
4 10 5.4 7.4 60.7
4 36 19.4 26.7 87.4
5 1 .5 .7 88.1
Very Important 16 8.6 11.9 100.0
Total 135 72.6 100.0
Missing System 51 27.4

Total 186 100.0


News & General Gossip Scale (Men, Neighbors, Socializing & News, Women)


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid Absent 20 10.8 14.8 14.8
1 Item Present 21 11.3 15.6 30.4
2 Items Present 31 16.7 23.0 53.3
3 Items Present 32 17.2 23.7 77.0
4 Items Present 31 16.7 23.0 100.0
Total 135 72.6 100.0
Missing System 51 27.4

Total 186 100.0


Political Gossip Scale (Family, Govt., Politics)


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid Absent 37 19.9 27.4 27.4
1 Item Present 39 21.0 28.9 56.3
2 Items Present 29 15.6 21.5 77.8
3 Items Present 30 16.1 22.2 100.0
Total 135 72.6 100.0
Missing System 51 27.4

Total 186 100.0


Machismo Gossip Scale (Boasting, Hunting, Laziness, Wife Beating)


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid Absent 67 36.0 49.6 49.6
1 Item Present 38 20.4 28.1 77.8
2 Items Present 17 9.1 12.6 90.4
3 Items Present 9 4.8 6.7 97.0
4 Items Present 4 2.2 3.0 100.0
Total 135 72.6 100.0
Missing System 51 27.4

Total 186 100.0


Sex & Scandals Scale (Adultery, Scandal)


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid Absent 64 34.4 47.4 47.4
1 Item Present 41 22.0 30.4 77.8
2 Items Present 30 16.1 22.2 100.0
Total 135 72.6 100.0
Missing System 51 27.4

Total 186 100.0


Drinking & Murder Scale (Drinking, Murder & Assault)


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid Absent 77 41.4 57.0 57.0
1 Item Present 40 21.5 29.6 86.7
2 Items Present 18 9.7 13.3 100.0
Total 135 72.6 100.0
Missing System 51 27.4

Total 186 100.0


Marriage Payments Gossip Scale (Bride Price, Dowry)


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid Absent 114 61.3 84.4 84.4
1 Item Present 18 9.7 13.3 97.8
2 Items Present 3 1.6 2.2 100.0
Total 135 72.6 100.0
Missing System 51 27.4

Total 186 100.0


Farming & Religion Gossip Scale (Farming, Religion)


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid Absent 111 59.7 82.2 82.2
1 Item Present 22 11.8 16.3 98.5
2 Items Present 2 1.1 1.5 100.0
Total 135 72.6 100.0
Missing System 51 27.4

Total 186 100.0


Cattle & Marriage Gossip Scale (Cattle, Marriage)


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid Absent 110 59.1 81.5 81.5
1 Item Present 22 11.8 16.3 97.8
2 Items Present 3 1.6 2.2 100.0
Total 135 72.6 100.0
Missing System 51 27.4

Total 186 100.0


id65


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid Abipon 1 .5 .5 .5
Abkhaz 1 .5 .5 1.1
Ainu 1 .5 .5 1.6
Ajie 1 .5 .5 2.2
Aleut 1 .5 .5 2.7
Alorese 1 .5 .5 3.2
Amahuaca 1 .5 .5 3.8
Amhara 1 .5 .5 4.3
Andamanese 1 .5 .5 4.8
Aranda 1 .5 .5 5.4
Armenians 1 .5 .5 5.9
Ashanti 1 .5 .5 6.5
Atayal 1 .5 .5 7.0
Aweikoma 1 .5 .5 7.5
Aymara 1 .5 .5 8.1
Azande 1 .5 .5 8.6
Aztec 1 .5 .5 9.1
Babylonians 1 .5 .5 9.7
Badjau 1 .5 .5 10.2
Balinese 1 .5 .5 10.8
Bambara 1 .5 .5 11.3
Banen 1 .5 .5 11.8
Basques 1 .5 .5 12.4
Basseri 1 .5 .5 12.9
Bellacoola 1 .5 .5 13.4
Bemba 1 .5 .5 14.0
Bogo 1 .5 .5 14.5
Botocudo 1 .5 .5 15.1
Bribri 1 .5 .5 15.6
Burmese 1 .5 .5 16.1
Burusho 1 .5 .5 16.7
Callinago 1 .5 .5 17.2
Carib (Barama) 1 .5 .5 17.7
Cayapa 1 .5 .5 18.3
Cayua 1 .5 .5 18.8
Chinese 1 .5 .5 19.4
Chiricahua 1 .5 .5 19.9
Chukchee 1 .5 .5 20.4
Comanche 1 .5 .5 21.0
Copper Eskimo 1 .5 .5 21.5
Creek 1 .5 .5 22.0
Cubeo (Tucano) 1 .5 .5 22.6
Cuna (Tule) 1 .5 .5 23.1
Egyptians 1 .5 .5 23.7
Eyak 1 .5 .5 24.2
Fon 1 .5 .5 24.7
Fur (Darfur) 1 .5 .5 25.3
Ganda 1 .5 .5 25.8
Garo 1 .5 .5 26.3
Gheg Albanians 1 .5 .5 26.9
Gilbertese 1 .5 .5 27.4
Gilyak 1 .5 .5 28.0
Goajiro 1 .5 .5 28.5
Gond 1 .5 .5 29.0
Gros Ventre 1 .5 .5 29.6
Hadza 1 .5 .5 30.1
Haida 1 .5 .5 30.6
Haitians 1 .5 .5 31.2
Hausa 1 .5 .5 31.7
Havasupai 1 .5 .5 32.3
Hebrews 1 .5 .5 32.8
Hidatsa 1 .5 .5 33.3
Huichol 1 .5 .5 33.9
Huron 1 .5 .5 34.4
Iban 1 .5 .5 34.9
Ibo 1 .5 .5 35.5
Ifugao 1 .5 .5 36.0
Inca 1 .5 .5 36.6
Ingalik 1 .5 .5 37.1
Irish 1 .5 .5 37.6
Japanese 1 .5 .5 38.2
Javanese 1 .5 .5 38.7
Jivaro 1 .5 .5 39.2
Kaffa (Kafa) 1 .5 .5 39.8
Kapauku 1 .5 .5 40.3
Kaska 1 .5 .5 40.9
Kazak 1 .5 .5 41.4
Kenuzi Nubians 1 .5 .5 41.9
Khalka Mongols 1 .5 .5 42.5
Khmer 1 .5 .5 43.0
Kikuyu 1 .5 .5 43.5
Kimam 1 .5 .5 44.1
Klamath 1 .5 .5 44.6
Konso 1 .5 .5 45.2
Koreans 1 .5 .5 45.7
Kung Bushmen 1 .5 .5 46.2
Kurd 1 .5 .5 46.8
Kutenai 1 .5 .5 47.3
Kwoma 1 .5 .5 47.8
Lakher 1 .5 .5 48.4
Lamet 1 .5 .5 48.9
Lapps 1 .5 .5 49.5
Lengua 1 .5 .5 50.0
Lepcha 1 .5 .5 50.5
Lolo 1 .5 .5 51.1
Lozi 1 .5 .5 51.6
Luguru 1 .5 .5 52.2
Manchu 1 .5 .5 52.7
Manus 1 .5 .5 53.2
Mao 1 .5 .5 53.8
Maori 1 .5 .5 54.3
Mapuche 1 .5 .5 54.8
Marquesans 1 .5 .5 55.4
Marshallese 1 .5 .5 55.9
Masai 1 .5 .5 56.5
Massa (Masa) 1 .5 .5 57.0
Mbau Fijians 1 .5 .5 57.5
Mbundu 1 .5 .5 58.1
Mbuti 1 .5 .5 58.6
Mende 1 .5 .5 59.1
Micmac 1 .5 .5 59.7
Miskito 1 .5 .5 60.2
Montagnais 1 .5 .5 60.8
Mundurucu 1 .5 .5 61.3
Nama Hottentot 1 .5 .5 61.8
Nambicuara 1 .5 .5 62.4
Natchez 1 .5 .5 62.9
Negri Sembilan 1 .5 .5 63.4
New Ireland 1 .5 .5 64.0
Nicobarese 1 .5 .5 64.5
Nkundo Mongo 1 .5 .5 65.1
Nyakyusa 1 .5 .5 65.6
Omaha 1 .5 .5 66.1
Orokaiva 1 .5 .5 66.7
Otoro Nuba 1 .5 .5 67.2
Paiute (North.) 1 .5 .5 67.7
Palauans 1 .5 .5 68.3
Papago 1 .5 .5 68.8
Pastoral Fulani 1 .5 .5 69.4
Pawnee 1 .5 .5 69.9
Pentecost 1 .5 .5 70.4
Pomo (Eastern) 1 .5 .5 71.0
Popoluca 1 .5 .5 71.5
Punjabi (West) 1 .5 .5 72.0
Quiche 1 .5 .5 72.6
Rhade 1 .5 .5 73.1
Riffians 1 .5 .5 73.7
Romans 1 .5 .5 74.2
Russians 1 .5 .5 74.7
Rwala Bedouin 1 .5 .5 75.3
Santal 1 .5 .5 75.8
Saramacca 1 .5 .5 76.3
Saulteaux 1 .5 .5 76.9
Semang 1 .5 .5 77.4
Shavante 1 .5 .5 78.0
Shilluk 1 .5 .5 78.5
Siamese 1 .5 .5 79.0
Siriono 1 .5 .5 79.6
Siuai 1 .5 .5 80.1
Slave 1 .5 .5 80.6
Somali 1 .5 .5 81.2
Songhai 1 .5 .5 81.7
Suku 1 .5 .5 82.3
Tallensi 1 .5 .5 82.8
Tanala 1 .5 .5 83.3
Teda 1 .5 .5 83.9
Tehuelche 1 .5 .5 84.4
Thonga 1 .5 .5 84.9
Tikopia 1 .5 .5 85.5
Timbira 1 .5 .5 86.0
Tiv 1 .5 .5 86.6
Tiwi 1 .5 .5 87.1
Tobelorese 1 .5 .5 87.6
Toda 1 .5 .5 88.2
Toradja 1 .5 .5 88.7
Trobrianders 1 .5 .5 89.2
Trukese 1 .5 .5 89.8
Trumai 1 .5 .5 90.3
Tuareg 1 .5 .5 90.9
Tupinamba 1 .5 .5 91.4
Turks 1 .5 .5 91.9
Twana 1 .5 .5 92.5
Uttar Pradesh 1 .5 .5 93.0
Vedda 1 .5 .5 93.5
Vietnamese 1 .5 .5 94.1
Warrau 1 .5 .5 94.6
Western Samoans 1 .5 .5 95.2
Wolof 1 .5 .5 95.7
Yahgan 1 .5 .5 96.2
Yanomamo 1 .5 .5 96.8
Yapese 1 .5 .5 97.3
Yokuts (Lake) 1 .5 .5 97.8
Yukaghir 1 .5 .5 98.4
Yurak Samoyed 1 .5 .5 98.9
Yurok 1 .5 .5 99.5
Zuni 1 .5 .5 100.0
Total 186 100.0 100.0

domestic products


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid Absent 27 14.5 20.0 20.0
Present 87 46.8 64.4 84.4
present 2 or more 21 11.3 15.6 100.0
Total 135 72.6 100.0
Missing System 51 27.4

Total 186 100.0


wage labor


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid Absent 67 36.0 49.6 49.6
Present 67 36.0 49.6 99.3
2 1 .5 .7 100.0
Total 135 72.6 100.0
Missing System 51 27.4

Total 186 100.0


monetary system


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid Absent 59 31.7 43.7 43.7
Present 76 40.9 56.3 100.0
Total 135 72.6 100.0
Missing System 51 27.4

Total 186 100.0


weapons


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid Absent 66 35.5 48.9 48.9
Present 69 37.1 51.1 100.0
Total 135 72.6 100.0
Missing System 51 27.4

Total 186 100.0


Minor Technological developments house construction


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid Absent 47 25.3 34.8 34.8
Present 72 38.7 53.3 88.1
present 2 items 11 5.9 8.1 96.3
present 3 or more 5 2.7 3.7 100.0
Total 135 72.6 100.0
Missing System 51 27.4

Total 186 100.0


Major techno factories, mining,


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid Absent 96 51.6 71.1 71.1
Present 35 18.8 25.9 97.0
2 4 2.2 3.0 100.0
Total 135 72.6 100.0
Missing System 51 27.4

Total 186 100.0


crops


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid Absent 59 31.7 43.7 43.7
Present 76 40.9 56.3 100.0
Total 135 72.6 100.0
Missing System 51 27.4

Total 186 100.0


agricultural improvement,irrigation,


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid Absent 74 39.8 54.8 54.8
Present 56 30.1 41.5 96.3
2 5 2.7 3.7 100.0
Total 135 72.6 100.0
Missing System 51 27.4

Total 186 100.0


livestock


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid Absent 85 45.7 63.0 63.0
Present 50 26.9 37.0 100.0
Total 135 72.6 100.0
Missing System 51 27.4

Total 186 100.0


Mechsnical transport auto,railroad, buses


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid Absent 99 53.2 73.3 73.3
Present 36 19.4 26.7 100.0
Total 135 72.6 100.0
Missing System 51 27.4

Total 186 100.0


water transport


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid Absent 109 58.6 80.7 80.7
Present 26 14.0 19.3 100.0
Total 135 72.6 100.0
Missing System 51 27.4

Total 186 100.0


roads, highways


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid Absent 112 60.2 83.6 83.6
Present 22 11.8 16.4 100.0
Total 134 72.0 100.0
Missing System 52 28.0

Total 186 100.0


New positions as government officials


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid Absent 22 11.8 16.3 16.3
Present 113 60.8 83.7 100.0
Total 135 72.6 100.0
Missing System 51 27.4

Total 186 100.0


Judicial system


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid Absent 43 23.1 31.9 31.9
Present 92 49.5 68.1 100.0
Total 135 72.6 100.0
Missing System 51 27.4

Total 186 100.0


Political changes, uprising, cargo cults


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid Absent 94 50.5 69.6 69.6
Present 35 18.8 25.9 95.6
2 6 3.2 4.4 100.0
Total 135 72.6 100.0
Missing System 51 27.4

Total 186 100.0


large scale projects, dams,cities, land distribution, taxes


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid Absent 86 46.2 64.2 64.2
Present 48 25.8 35.8 100.0
Total 134 72.0 100.0
Missing System 52 28.0

Total 186 100.0


Changes in family structure, kinship terms, sex roles


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid Absent 58 31.2 43.0 43.0
Present 67 36.0 49.6 92.6
present 3 or more 10 5.4 7.4 100.0
Total 135 72.6 100.0
Missing System 51 27.4

Total 186 100.0


Marriage rituals,weddings


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid Absent 60 32.3 44.4 44.4
Present 69 37.1 51.1 95.6
2 6 3.2 4.4 100.0
Total 135 72.6 100.0
Missing System 51 27.4

Total 186 100.0


spouse,mixed-marriages


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid Absent 78 41.9 57.8 57.8
Present 57 30.6 42.2 100.0
Total 135 72.6 100.0
Missing System 51 27.4

Total 186 100.0


female role and status


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid Absent 73 39.2 54.1 54.1
Present 62 33.3 45.9 100.0
Total 135 72.6 100.0
Missing System 51 27.4

Total 186 100.0


body toilets


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid Absent 71 38.2 52.6 52.6
Present 63 33.9 46.7 99.3
2 1 .5 .7 100.0
Total 135 72.6 100.0
Missing System 51 27.4

Total 186 100.0


dress customs


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid Absent 25 13.4 18.5 18.5
Present 110 59.1 81.5 100.0
Total 135 72.6 100.0
Missing System 51 27.4

Total 186 100.0


drugs: tabacoo, alcohol


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid Absent 72 38.7 53.3 53.3
Present 55 29.6 40.7 94.1
2 8 4.3 5.9 100.0
Total 135 72.6 100.0
Missing System 51 27.4

Total 186 100.0


cooking methods


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid Absent 51 27.4 37.8 37.8
Present 84 45.2 62.2 100.0
Total 135 72.6 100.0
Missing System 51 27.4

Total 186 100.0


telegraph, American films, songs, dance


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid Absent 57 30.6 42.2 42.2
Present 70 37.6 51.9 94.1
present 2 or more 8 4.3 5.9 100.0
Total 135 72.6 100.0
Missing System 51 27.4

Total 186 100.0


schools, teachers


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid Absent 48 25.8 35.6 35.6
Present 82 44.1 60.7 96.3
present 2 or more 5 2.7 3.7 100.0
Total 135 72.6 100.0
Missing System 51 27.4

Total 186 100.0


contact languages, foreign words, pidgin languages


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid Absent 50 26.9 37.0 37.0
Present 75 40.3 55.6 92.6
present 2 or more 10 5.4 7.4 100.0
Total 135 72.6 100.0
Missing System 51 27.4

Total 186 100.0


foreign medical practices, hospitals


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid Absent 68 36.6 50.4 50.4
Present 61 32.8 45.2 95.6
2 6 3.2 4.4 100.0
Total 135 72.6 100.0
Missing System 51 27.4

Total 186 100.0


foreign diseases


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid Absent 84 45.2 62.2 62.2
Present 51 27.4 37.8 100.0
Total 135 72.6 100.0
Missing System 51 27.4

Total 186 100.0


sanitation methods


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid Absent 104 55.9 77.0 77.0
Present 31 16.7 23.0 100.0
Total 135 72.6 100.0
Missing System 51 27.4

Total 186 100.0


changes in native religion


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid Absent 53 28.5 39.3 39.3
Present 82 44.1 60.7 100.0
Total 135 72.6 100.0
Missing System 51 27.4

Total 186 100.0


introduction of foreign religion


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid Absent 14 7.5 10.4 10.4
Present 121 65.1 89.6 100.0
Total 135 72.6 100.0
Missing System 51 27.4

Total 186 100.0


burial practices or other rituals


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid Absent 51 27.4 37.8 37.8
present 1 item 67 36.0 49.6 87.4
present 2 items 17 9.1 12.6 100.0
Total 135 72.6 100.0
Missing System 51 27.4

Total 186 100.0


Sum of Agriculture Changes


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid absent 31 16.7 23.0 23.0
present 40 21.5 29.6 52.6
present 2 items 42 22.6 31.1 83.7
present 3 or more 20 10.8 14.8 98.5
4 2 1.1 1.5 100.0
Total 135 72.6 100.0
Missing System 51 27.4

Total 186 100.0


Sum of Behavior Changes


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid absent 34 18.3 25.2 25.2
present 54 29.0 40.0 65.2
present 2 items 40 21.5 29.6 94.8
present 3 or more 7 3.8 5.2 100.0
Total 135 72.6 100.0
Missing System 51 27.4

Total 186 100.0


Sum of Changes in Education


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid absent 12 6.5 8.9 8.9
present 29 15.6 21.5 30.4
present 2 items 52 28.0 38.5 68.9
present 3 items 32 17.2 23.7 92.6
present 4 or more 7 3.8 5.2 97.8
5 2 1.1 1.5 99.3
6 1 .5 .7 100.0
Total 135 72.6 100.0
Missing System 51 27.4

Total 186 100.0


Sum of Family Changes


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid absent 19 10.2 14.1 14.1
present 31 16.7 23.0 37.0
present 2 items 26 14.0 19.3 56.3
present 3 items 34 18.3 25.2 81.5
present 4 items 17 9.1 12.6 94.1
present 5 or more 4 2.2 3.0 97.0
6 4 2.2 3.0 100.0
Total 135 72.6 100.0
Missing System 51 27.4

Total 186 100.0


Sum of Government Changes


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid absent 13 7.0 9.6 9.6
present 23 12.4 17.0 26.7
present 2 items 41 22.0 30.4 57.0
present 3 items 39 21.0 28.9 85.9
present 4 items 17 9.1 12.6 98.5
present 5 or more 2 1.1 1.5 100.0
Total 135 72.6 100.0
Missing System 51 27.4

Total 186 100.0


Sum of Health Changes


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid absent 43 23.1 31.9 31.9
present 48 25.8 35.6 67.4
present 2 items 29 15.6 21.5 88.9
present 3 or more 11 5.9 8.1 97.0
4 4 2.2 3.0 100.0
Total 135 72.6 100.0
Missing System 51 27.4

Total 186 100.0


Sum of Changes in Religion


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid absent 7 3.8 5.2 5.2
present 27 14.5 20.0 25.2
present 2 items 41 22.0 30.4 55.6
present 3 items 45 24.2 33.3 88.9
present 4 or more 15 8.1 11.1 100.0
Total 135 72.6 100.0
Missing System 51 27.4

Total 186 100.0


Sum of Changes in Technology


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid absent 22 11.8 16.3 16.3
present 43 23.1 31.9 48.1
present 2 items 42 22.6 31.1 79.3
present 3 items 21 11.3 15.6 94.8
present 4 or more 5 2.7 3.7 98.5
5 1 .5 .7 99.3
6 1 .5 .7 100.0
Total 135 72.6 100.0
Missing System 51 27.4

Total 186 100.0


Sum of Changes in Body Toilet


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid absent 15 8.1 11.1 11.1
present 66 35.5 48.9 60.0
present 2 or more 53 28.5 39.3 99.3
3 1 .5 .7 100.0
Total 135 72.6 100.0
Missing System 51 27.4

Total 186 100.0


Sum of Changes in Trade


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid absent 10 5.4 7.4 7.4
present 33 17.7 24.4 31.9
present 2 items 45 24.2 33.3 65.2
present 3 items 37 19.9 27.4 92.6
present 4 or more 10 5.4 7.4 100.0
Total 135 72.6 100.0
Missing System 51 27.4

Total 186 100.0


Sum of Changes in Transportation


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid absent 69 37.1 51.1 51.1
present 51 27.4 37.8 88.9
present 2 or more 12 6.5 8.9 97.8
3 3 1.6 2.2 100.0
Total 135 72.6 100.0
Missing System 51 27.4

Total 186 100.0


Sum Total of all Modernization Variables


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 5 1 .5 .7 .7
6 3 1.6 2.2 3.0
8 4 2.2 3.0 5.9
9 2 1.1 1.5 7.4
10 1 .5 .7 8.1
11 3 1.6 2.2 10.4
12 10 5.4 7.4 17.8
13 7 3.8 5.2 23.0
14 7 3.8 5.2 28.1
15 10 5.4 7.4 35.6
16 7 3.8 5.2 40.7
17 5 2.7 3.7 44.4
18 11 5.9 8.1 52.6
19 9 4.8 6.7 59.3
20 8 4.3 5.9 65.2
21 7 3.8 5.2 70.4
22 11 5.9 8.1 78.5
23 9 4.8 6.7 85.2
24 8 4.3 5.9 91.1
25 2 1.1 1.5 92.6
26 2 1.1 1.5 94.1
27 3 1.6 2.2 96.3
28 1 .5 .7 97.0
30 1 .5 .7 97.8
31 1 .5 .7 98.5
34 1 .5 .7 99.3
35 1 .5 .7 100.0
Total 135 72.6 100.0
Missing System 51 27.4

Total 186 100.0