Anthropology 162B 60500, Fall Quarter 1996, UCI School of Social Sciences

Douglas R. White, professor, with R.H."Hank" Stevens

Meeting on Tuesdays and Thursdays 11:00-12:20 Social Ecology Bldg. 2C 1304

Offices and telephones:

D.R. White: New Soc Sci Bldg; 824-5893

H. Stevens: 856-3217

Lisa Mikhail, secretary: New Soc Sci Bldg; 824-5041

Jan Meza, secretary: New Soc Sci Bldg; 824-2572

This page has been accessed times since May '97.

INDIAN NORTH AMERICA is a survey of the Nations and Tribes of the peoples indigenous to North America (the United States of America, Canada, and, in some cases, Mexico) -- known as "American Indians," "Alaska Natives," "First Nations" and "Native Americans."

COURSE TOPICS include American Indian --

Lectures / discussions will include critiques of research methods.

Required Textbooks --

Berger, Thomas R. 1991. A Long and Terrible Shadow: White Values, Native Rights in the Americas, 1492-1992. University of Washington Press.

O'Brien, Sharon. 1989. American Indian Tribal Governments. University of Oklahoma Press.

Thornton, Russell. 1987. American Indian Holocaust and Survival: A Population History Since 1492. University of Oklahoma Press.

Reading Assignments --

1) Week one --

Thornton: pp. 3-4; 15-23; 34-37; 40-59. [Early population history]

Berger: Introduction, & pp. 1-25. [Cultural differences]

O' Brien: pp. 14-33. [Traditional Tribal governance]

2) Week two --

Berger: pp. 26-38. [Diseases and population loss]

Thornton: pp. 60-90. [Years from 1500 to 1800]

O'Brien: pp. 37-48. [Early contacts with Europeans and 'Americans']

3) Week three [organize group projects; due in weeks five & six]

4) Week four --

Thornton: pp. 91-95; 99-100; 103-109; 113-133. [Years 1800-1900]

Berger: pp. 68-84; 99-110. [Early USA; Marshall; reservations]

O'Brien: pp. 49-70. ["A Century of Destruction"]

5) Week five [draft reports from small group projects are due]

6) Week six [group projects presentations; final drafts due]

7) Week seven --

O'Brien: pp. 71-91. [Years 1870-1980]

Thornton: pp. 159-185. [Population growth; years after 1900]

8) Week eight --

O'Brien: pp. 257-289. [Government-to-government relations]

Thornton: pp. 186-212. [Definitions; Tribal membership]

pp. 213-224: optional reading [Census data].

Berger: pp. 126-139. ["Survival of Subsistence"]

9) Week nine -- [Research paper due]

Berger: pp. 140-156. Lands, claims, and law.

O'Brien: pp. 197-254. Powers of Tribal governments.

Thornton: pp. 225-239. Urbanization.

10) Week ten --

O'Brien: pp. 291-297.

Berger: pp. 157-162. Indian North America, p. 2


Group research project:

The assignment will be thoroughly explained early in week three. Research topics will be chosen collaboratively, with respect to students' research interests. Research groups will be small in size (3 - 5 students). Research paper format includes contents, preface (listing who did what), a group-produced introduction, individually-written segments (approx. five pages each), a group-produced summary and conclusion appropriate to the general topic and its treatment by the group, and literature cited/bibliography. Proper source attribution is required.

Only the written reports will be graded on this assignment. Oral presentations of the group research reports are required, but the oral presentations themselves will not be graded.

Groups will form, organize and meet in week three. In week five, draft written reports will be discussed as to their progress-to-date with the professor and teaching assistant. Presentations and final reports are due in week six.

50 points possible are possible for the group report overall. 50 points are additionally possible for each student's individual section and contributions to the group's research report.

Individual research paper: Due in week nine. Recommended length is

10 - 12 pages. 100 points are possible. A fieldwork-based research report with instructor's approval is a highly-recommended option.

Quizzes: short quizzes may be given (re: reading assignments).

Text-reading assignments:

... are listed in the recommended sequence for the course; the first reading for the week should be read before class meets on Tuesday; the second reading should be completed before Thursday's class meeting; if there is a third reading for the week (there usually is), read it after Thursday's class meets (i.e., before or during the weekend). Stay up-to-date on the required reading schedule. Measure your progress by marking next to the list of required reading assignments on your syllabus (make a check mark beside the author's name on the reading assignments as you complete them). A few supplemental readings may be added during the course.

GRADING is based on a modified percentage system:

Transition points for pluses and minuses will be calculated with reference to clusters of actual student scores. Refer to the schedule of classes for information on the Pass-fail option.

Indian North America, p. 3

INDIAN NORTH AMERICA Name_______________________

LEARNINGS JOURNAL Fall 1996, UCI Anthropology (D.R. White; R.H. Stevens)

About ten minutes at the end of each class period will be used for writing in the following four categories:



3). APPLICATIONS (include any obstacles)

4). FURTHER DEVELOPMENT of knowledge / skills

Write one to two pages per session (on average).

Write your name and the date on the top right of each page;

assign a title to the day's session, as per the subject discussed

(write the session's title near the top of the page).

A readable copy of this journal will be due in week ten;

Readable photocopies are fine; keep your own original!

More than ten minutes may be used (it can be done as soon as possible after class, too). This quick writing exercise works best when done ASAP on the same day as the session. This is your journal, for you to use. It will not be graded. It is required for the course (failure to complete the assignment can lower an earned course grade by one-half a grade point).

The "information and/or key learnings" category will require a brief summary of the main topics of the day's lecture/discussion. Highlight from your lecture/discussion notes. This summary and concise review of terms and concepts is useful for review and preparation (for discussions, exams, and quizzes, etc.).

The "challenges to beliefs, etc.,..." category calls for personal assessment of thoughts about -- and responses to -- the topic[s] in the session, especially regarding your previous knowledge and/or expectations about the subject[s], unanticipated differences and/or newness of information; this section can include debates and questions about issues (brief analyses strengthen knowledge).

The "applications" category can be at various levels, from personal to social (& trans-social, etc.). This thinking and writing activates ideas for use, possible use, or non-use; it could be related to personal research, or be at a more general level. Consideration of possible and actual obstacles strengthens depth of reasoning.

The "for further development" category is where you may note plans for further expansion of knowledge, other possible applications, related interests, and/or directions for further research.

Indian North America, p. 4


Fall, 1996


Beck, Peggy, Anna Lee Walters and Nia Francisco. 1992. The Sacred: Ways of Knowledge, Sources of Life. Navajo Community College Press.

Liberty, Margo [ed.]. American Indian Intellectuals. 1976. Proceedings of the American Ethnological Society. St. Paul: West Publishing Co.

Matthiessen, Peter. 1984. Indian Country. Viking Press, New York.

Riding-In, James [ed.]. 1993. Encounter of Two Worlds: the Next Five Hundred Years. American Indian Culture and Research Journal, Special Edition, Vol. 17, No.3.

Vecsey, Christopher. 1991. Imagine Ourselves Richly: Mythic Narratives of North American Indians. Harper Collins.

Vizenor, Gerald. 1994. Manifest Manners: Postindian Warriors of Survivance. Wesleyen University Press.

Wilkerson, Charles F. 1987. American Indians, Time, and the Law. Yale University Press.


Champagne, Duane. 1993. The Native North American Almanac: A Reference Work on Native North Americans in the United States and Canada. American Indian Studies Center, UCLA.

_____. 1989. American Indian Societies: Strategies and Conditions of Political and Cultural Survival. Cultural Survival, Inc.

Farb, Peter. 1978. Man's Rise to Civilization: The Cultural Ascent of the Indians of North America. E.P.Dutton/Obelisk.

Hamilton, Charles. 1972. Cry of the Thunderbird: The American Indian's Own Story. University of Oklahoma Press.

Mead, Margaret and Ruth Bunzel [ed.'s]. 1960. The Golden Age of American Anthropology. George Braziller, New York.

Nichols, Roger L. [ed.] 1986. The American Indian: Past and Present. Knopf.

Waldman, Carl and Molly Braun. 1985. Atlas of the North American Indian. Facts On File, Inc.


Bean, Lowell J. [ed.]. 1992. California Indian Shamanism. Ballena Press (pp.1-96; 211-248).

Brown, Joseph Epes. 1989. The Spiritual Legacy of the American Indian. Crossroad.

Harrod, Howard L. 1987. Renewing the World: Plains Indian Religion and Morality. University of Arizona Press.

Laubin, Reginald and Gladys. 1977. Indian Dances of North America: Their Importance to Indian Life. University of Oklahoma Press.

Neihardt, John G. 1932 [1979 ed.]. Black Elk Speaks. University of Nebraska Press.

Ortiz, Alfonso. 1969. The Tewa World: Space, Time, Being and Becoming in a Pueblo Society. University of Chicago Press.

Ramsey, Jarold. 1983. Reading the Fire: Essays on the Traditional Indian Literatures of the Far West. University of Nebraska Press.

Schleiser, Karl H. 1987. The Wolves of Heaven: Cheyenne Shamanism, Ceremonies, and Prehistoric Origin. University of Oklahoma Press.

Vecsey, Christopher. 1991. Handbook of American Indian Religious Freedom. Crossroad.


Barnes, Robert H. 1984. Two Crows Denies It: A History of Controversy in Omaha Sociology. University of Nebraska Press.

Boas, Franz. 1966. Kwakiutl Ethnography. [Ed., Helene Codere] University of Chicago Press

Cushing, Frank H. 1979. Zuni: Selected Writings. [Ed., Jesse Green] University of Nebraska Press.

Dorsey, James O. 1884. Omaha Sociology. Third Annual Report of the Bureau of Ethnology to the Secretary of the Smithsonian, 1881-1882: 205-207.

Fletcher, Alice C. and Francis La Flesche. 1911. 2 vols. The Omaha Tribe. 27th Annual Report to the Bureau of American Ethnology.

Fowler, L. 1987. Shared Symbols: Contested Meanings: Gros Ventre Culture and History, 1778-1984. Cornell University Press.

Morgan, Lewis Henry. 1851. League of the Iroquois.


Berkhofer, Robert F. 1978. The White Man's Indian: Images of the American Indian from Columbus to the Present. Knopf/Vintage.

Jaimes, M. Annette [ed.]. 1992. The State of Native America: Genocide, Colonization, and Resistance. South End Press.

Mander, Jerry. 1991. In the Absence of the Sacred: The Failure of Technology and the Survival of the Indian Nations. Sierra Club Books, San Francisco.

McNickle, D'Arcy. 1973. Native American Tribalism: Indian Survivals and Renewals. Oxford University Press.

Morris, C. Patrick [ed.]. 1993. International Year of the Indigenous Peoples: Discovery and Human Rights. American Indian Culture and Research Journal, Special Edition, Vol 17, No.1. UCLA.

Pevar, Stephen. 1992. The Rights of Indians and Tribes: The Basic ACLU Guide to Indian and Tribal Rights. Southern Illinois University Press.

Prucha, Francis Paul [ed.]. 1990. Documents of United States Indian Policy (2nd ed.). University of Nebraska Press.

Smith and Kvasnicka [ed.'s]. 1981. Indian-White Relations: A Persistent Paradox. Howard University Press, Washington, D.C., with the National Archives Trust Fund.


Eggan, Fred. 1975. The American Indian: Perspectives for the Study of Social Change. Aldine/Smithsonian Institution.

Jacobs, Wilbur R. 1985. Dispossessing the American Indian: Indians and Whites on the Colonial Frontier. University of Oklahoma.

Simmons, William S. 1986. Spirit of the New England Tribes: Indian History and Folklore, 1620-1984. University Press of New England.


Bancroft-Hunt, Norman and Werner Forman. 1988. People of the Totem. University of Oklahoma Press.

Blackburn, Thomas and Kat Anderson. 1993. Before the Wilderness: Environmental Management by Native Californians. Ballena Press.

Heizer, R.F. and M.A. Whipple [ed.'s]. 1971. The California Indians: A Source Book. University of California Press.

Hinton, Leanne, & Lucille Whatahomigie [ed's.]. 1984. Spirit Mountain: An Anthology of Yuman Story and Song. University of Arizona Press.

Minge, Ward Allen. 1991. Acoma: Pueblo in the Sky. Pueblo of Acoma and University of New Mexico Press.

Nelson, Richard K. 1983. Make Prayers to the Raven: A Koyukon View of the Northern Forest. University of Chicago Press.

Rawls, James J. 1984. Indians of California: The Changing Image. University of Oklahoma Press.

Ruby, Robert H., and John A. Brown. 1981. Indians of the Pacific Northwest. University of Oklahoma Press.

Sando, Joe S. 1992. Pueblo Nations: Eight Centuries of Pueblo History. Clear Light Publishers, Santa Fe, New Mexico.


Albers and Medicine [ed.'s]. 1983. The Hidden Half: Studies of Plains Indian Women. University Press of America.

Lowie, Robert H. 1954. Indians of the Plains. American Museum of Natural History/Bison Books.