Th 12:00-2:50, SSPB 2209
GLOBAL AND COMPLEX NETWORKS Course Codes 69740 71740 60549 Soc 229 Soc Sci 249A Anthro 289
Four Friday supplement presentations: Networks and Complexity
not a full syllabus as yet. It should be extremely relevant to Sociology, Anthro, Economics, PoliSci, ICS, Business School and marketing students, among many other interests. Right now for example I am working with Bell Labs and the phone call network (broken down by businesses and residences). 63 million calls in one day sort of thing: what are the network properties (turns out to be extraordinarily interesting). In any case we are doing large networks: networks of trade, globally, networks of civilizations, urban dynamics, industrial districts, inter-industry networks, epistemic communities, finding communities in large networks, the biotech industry, modeling societal networks as class systems, modeling polities based on their kinship systems, and large networks from all over the planet and all the disciplines. All fascinating materials.
We will be using excel, pajek, R (see installation, FAQ and the six pdf manuals in the R help menu) and SNA (see for example The interaction of size and density with graph-level indices; Anderson, Butts, and Carley 1999) as analytic tools, and reading alot of the new literature on large networks.
The course links, some of which need special permissions, reach out to all kinds of potential projects, including the European Union project on social and network scaling, the santa fe project on civiliations, the international complexity sciences and conferences, the complexity network in Korea, etc. It should be possible to find or bring all kinds of projects of interest to grad students in anthro, sociology, GSM, ICS, MBS, demography, statistics, history, etc. In addition, signing on to Soc Sci 240B for our Human Sciences and Complexity Videocolloquia provides access to top speakers every two weeks or so, with 1.33 course credits per quarter.
network readings - MIT
Jrnl World Systems Research current issue
index to connections publications
some of my pdf examples
How to Analyze pajek data sent to R
network dynamics - Barabasi
Accelerated growth in networks
random graph dynamics eBook
Accelerated Growth of Networks S.N. Dorogovtsev and J.F.F. Mendes
here, btw, is the dynamics of the Southern women events data on which you can superimpose
cohesion measures. "Finding social groups: A meta-analysis of the southern women data" In Ronald Breiger, Kathleen Carley and Philippa Pattison (eds.)
Dynamic Social Network Modeling and Analysis. Washington, D.C.:The National Academies Press, 2003.
See also Moody, McFarland, Bender-deMoll
Movie paper just accepted for AJS, also in
pure html See also
Moody, J. (2003) Moody's ppt
on cohesion: Epidemic Potential in Human Sexual Networks: Connectivity and the Development of STD Cores
finding communities in networks (published in Nature) Tamas Vicsek - there is free software at his home page
Cohesive Subgroups and Role Equivalence: Sampson Monastery examples
Community: Girvin and Newman on edge betweenness deletion
network motifs (cohesion)
leftright divisive cohesion: Valdes Krebs
2005 Walter W. Powell, Douglas R. White, Kenneth W. Koput Jason Owen-Smith. Network Dynamics and Field Evolution: The Growth of Interorganizational Collaboration in the Life Sciences. American Journal of Sociology 110(4):1132-1205 (has full text in pdf as well as html with enhancements) electronic edition Download: SFI-WP2003d.pdf See link to movies at Barabasi site Santa Fe Institute Working Paper
See link to movies at Barabasi site
2003 Douglas R. White, Walter W. Powell, Jason Owen-Smith and James Moody Networks, Fields and Organizations: Scale, Topology and Cohesive Embeddings. In preparation for Computational and Mathematical Organization Theory, for a special issue on Mathematical Representations for the Analysis of Social Networks within and between Organizations, guest edited by Alessandro Lomi and Phillipa Pattison.
2003 James Moody and Douglas R. White, Social Cohesion and Embeddedness: A Hierarchical Concept of Social Groups. American Sociological Review 68(1):1-25. Implemented in NetMiner v2.4.0 (fall 2003)
Curvature and Information in the WWW and Other Networks (pdf slides)
Curvature of co-links uncovers hidden thematic layers in the world-wide web. Jean-Pierre Eckman and Elisha Moses. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science (US), 99, 5825-5829 (2002).
Week 4: Historical Dynamics A good starting point for global historical network dynamics would be the Peter Turchin book, 2003, Historical Dynamics: Why States Rise and Fall. Princeton: Princeton University Press, in the series Princeton Studies in Complexity. It has chaps 2-4 on Geopolitics; Collective Solidarity; and Metaethnic frontier theory and a very strong dynamical methodology (see below, NLTSM, and the software download. There is a less formal presentation of these ideas and case studies in Peter Turchin. 2006. War and Peace and War: The Life Cycles of Imperial Nations $18, used for $10. This required reading is the best education in historical dynamics and contemporary issues, emphasizing culture and cooperation, that you will ever get, and it summarizes in a nontechnical way the principles of Turchin's published theories and analysis of culture and historical evolution. Secular Cycles and Millenial Trends Korotayev
background readings on social networks: Cmap download for the Freeman collection
Introduction: Networks, Ethnography, and Emergence
Civilizations as dynamic networks ppt
To play videoconferences off the web, you will need Real Player, which is a free download. Then open "real player", play something, and in the url window you can cut and paste the url below into the real player address bar or just click here.
streaming video #1: rtsp://media.nacs.uci.edu:554/ITC/SocialScience/White/Anthro-093005.rm
Friday 1:30-3:00 - #1 Sept 30 Doug White "Civilizations as dynamic networks: Cities, hinterlands, populations, industries, trade and conflict" - preliminary report on an eBook and Plenary talk for the European Conference on Complex Systems Paris, 14-18 November 2005
Theoretical background: Network Processes in Evolving Systems. This also has links to other studies, such as:
Thirteenth century world-system. A collaboration of Peter Spufford, Douglas White and Joseph Wehbe.
other civ as dyn nets pdfs from ppts
Douglas R. White, Natasa Kejzar, Constantino Tsallis and Celine Rozenblat. City-size hierarchies, 250 BCE -- 2005: Generative models toward a long-term geopolitical theory Figure 4 - will teach from this a new method for analyzing networks and complexity through time e.g., from global system data excel and q-estimation or use rank-size q-estimation
Very Local Structure (Triads) in 31 networks Katie Faust (later paper expands to 62)
network study of an industrial district (replace last F by f)
networks and hierarchies for ISCOM
On the applied side, we can start the network analysis studies with the problem of network position of different sectors in national economies in Europe, for which I have data on six countries five time periods with comparable input-output data. See regular equivalence analysis. That should give some understanding of the dynamics of productive economies; the commonalities or differences in their network topologies; may also lead to a joint publication with a team of researchers in Germany; and we can use the classical regular equivalence program for positional analysis that Dave Smith and used in our global dynamics analysis, 1965-1980 for which the following readings would be in order:
1988 Large-Scale Network of World Economy: Social scientists use the CRAY
Interview: Douglas R. White, David A. Smith. Science at the San Diego Supercomputer Center 1987: 27-28
Structure and Dynamics of the Global Economy: Network Analysis of International Trade 1965-1980
David A. Smith, Douglas R. White Social Forces, Vol. 70,
No. 4. (Jun., 1992), pp. 857-893. pw/GlobalEcon1992.pdf
bicomponents, vulnerability, equivalence
1993 Bearman, Peter S. and Kevin D. Everett. "The Structure of Social Protest: 1961-1983." Social Networks 15:171-200. Bearman, see:
1977 Douglas R. White, Michael L. Burton, and
Lilyan A. Brudner, Entailment Theory and Method:
A Cross-Cultural Analysis of the Sexual Division of Labor.
Behavior Science Research 12:1-249. download data from
spss world cultural data on D of L as a network
the discrete logic of avoidance
other materials and pubs on-line
My Culture and Evolution course - has lots of links
Network Theories of Social Structure syllabus
Social Networks Syllabi and home pages
ISCOM links background to network analyses
links page networks and complexity
self-extracting pajek network files
ISCOM And forward from there (other readings will mostly be available in pdf).
Some other links:
Manuel Castells The Information Age: Economy, Society, and Culture (three volume trilogy): Oxford: Blackwell, 1996-1998; 2nd edition, 2000 and translated into 12 other languages
Volume 1: The Rise of the Network Society, Blackwell Publishers (Oxford, and Malden, MA), 1996.
Volume 2: The Power of Identity, Blackwell Publishers (Oxford, and Malden, MA), 1997.
Volume 3: End of Millennium, Blackwell Publishers (Oxford, and Malden, MA), 1998.