Characteristics

Schwimmer Tutorial

Settlements and Residence

Lineages and/or Kin Groups

Marriage

Kinship Terminology

Politics

Ancient Hebrews

Stem patrilocal extended family

Segmentary Patrilineal; wife absorbed; levirate

Polygyny; If daughters inherit, then lineage endogamy

Eskimo

State

Turkish Village

Small patrilocal extended family fissions to nuclear at fa's death

Patrilineal Occasional Groups

Mostly Monogamy; Endogamous Village and Kin Group (//Cos), Bride price

Sudanese

Peasantry

Akan (Ashanti)

Natalocal, Avunculocal, Patrilocal

Matrilineal

Polygyny, Mlat Xcos Mar

Sudanese

State

The Yanomamo

Large patrilocal extended family fissions to nuclear

Patrilineal, Exogamous

Sororal Polygyny; Sides, Bilat Xcos Mar

Iroquois

Tribal

Dani of New Guinea

Big Man and dependents

Patrilineal

Polygyny; Moieties

Omaha (MB)S=MB F(ZS)=ZS

Tribal

Characteristics: http://www.umanitoba.ca/anthropology/tutor/descent/unilineal/structure.html

Schwimmer Tutorial

Inheritance

Succession

 

 

 

Ancient Hebrews

Primo->Ultimogeniture, overridden by gift or will; daughters, leviratic children

Primo-> Ultimogeniture,

 

 

 

Turkish Village

Divided among sons at father's death

Elected

 

 

 

Akan (Ashanti)

Br, SiSo, some patrilineal

Elected

 

 

 

The Yanomamo

 

Consensus

 

 

 

Dani of New Guinea

 

Entrepreneur: Big Man

 

 

Big Man system: life cycle agnatic exchange

 

Of the unilineal structures that we will investigate, the Akan descent organization best conforms to the corporate group model, assuming the fullest range of functions. The Turkish village system exhibits the narrowest. http://www.umanitoba.ca/anthropology/tutor/descent/unilineal/functions.html

Lineage Function ; Cultures

Territorial Organization

Land Ownership

Inheritance

Marriage Regulation

Social Control

Political Represtation

Feud Support

Ritual

Hebrews

X

X

0

0

X

X

X

0

Turkish

0

0

0

0

0

0

X

0

Akan

X

X

X

X

X

X

0

X

Yanomamo

X

0

0

X

X

0

X

0

Dani

?

?

?

?

?

?

?

?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Culture

Subsistence

Economy

Location

Wider Society

Hebrews

 

 

Middle East

State

Turkish

 

 

Middle East

Peasantry

Akan

 

 

West African forest

State

Yanomamo

 

 

Amazon forest

Tribal

Dani

Irrigated cultivation; pigs

Women: subsistence Men: trade, prestige exch, Capital Formation

New Guinea

Tribal

 

 

 

Schwimmer Tutorial

Settlements and Residence

Lineages and/or Kin Groups

Marriage

Kinship Terminology

Politics

Ancient Hebrews

1.Tribe, States, Class Inheritance and Succession

2.Patrilineal Descent Lineage Strs.

3.Marriage

 (Eskimo)

1.Tribe, States, Class Social and Political Functions

Turkish Village

Domestic Organization

Lineage Organization

Marriage

Kinship Terminology

 The Peasant Village as a Social Type

Akan (Ashanti)

1.Settlement Patterns 4.Residence Rules

2.Matrilineal Organization

3.Marriage

(Descriptive)

5.Social Stratification 6.Political Organization

The Yanomamo

5.Intergroup Relationships

2.Lineage Organization

3.Marriage

4.Kinship Terminology

5.Intergroup Relationships

Dani of New Guinea

1.The Setting 6.Residence

2.Descent Groups

4.Marriage

3.Kinterms

9.Stratification

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ancient Hebrews

 

 

 

 

 

Turkish Village

 

 

 

 

 

Akan (Ashanti)

 

 

 

 

 

The Yanomamo

 

 

 

 

 

Dani of New Guinea