What can we conclude from this research? First of all, the hypothesis
has been supported based on the findings. To reiterate, I hypothesized
that religious beliefs are more common in highly stratified societies.
According to cross-tabulations, witchcraft and evil eye are uncommon
in egalitarian cultures. This means that when society does not consist
of many levels of social structures, religious beliefs tend not to be
present or practiced at all.
On the other hand, societies that exhibit a high level of social
stratification engage in the religous beliefs. The reason is because
there is an unequal balance of position in society. A book by John
Roberts, The Evil Eye, exemplifies the meaning of envy. He claims that
societies with high social stratification are susceptible to envious
characteristics among its members, thus causing the "oppressed" to
turn to these religious beliefs as a form of social control.
Furthermore, the research claims that the Circum-Mediterrean region
has the most overall religious practice on high social stratification.
East Eurasia has the least practice on egalitarian societies.
In conclusion, the research supports the idea that certain practices
can be initiated depending on the social structure of a society.
Cultural belief may vary yet they follow a similar relationship
with the level of social stratificiation. In addition, using various
regions produce a better view of the relationship of religious practice
and social stratification.