VITA: DOUGLAS R. WHITE, Professor of Anthropology and Social Science,

University of California, Irvine

[My Picture]

Ph.D. 1969, University of Minnesota, Anthropology and Social Theory.

Academic Positions

Professor, 1979-. Anthropology, Social Networks, UC Irvine.

2004-  Chair, focus research group on Social Dynamics and Evolution,

Institute of Mathematical Behavioral Sciences, UC Irvine

1996-04  Graduate Director, Social Networks PhD

       (emphasis in Mathematical Behavioral Science as of 1998)

1996-8 UCI Co-Director, Intercampus Graduate Curriculum,

       Modernity's Histories in Global Context

1995-  UCI Representative, Mellon Anthropology and Demography

       Postdoctoral Program

1995-  UC-wide Program in Comparative Social History

       and Theory.

1994-  Institute for Mathematical Behavioral Science. UCI.

Assoc./Full Prof. 1976-89. Comparative Culture & Social

       Science, UC Irvine.

Asst./Assoc. Prof. 1969-76. Anthropology, Sociology

       Departments, University of Pittburgh.

Concurrent Positions Advisory Board, Center on Governance, UCLA Working Group on the Co-Evolution of States and Markets, Santa Fe Institute, 1999-present Working Group on Structure and Dynamics of Complex Interactive Networks, Santa Fe Institute, 2000- Invited Professor, Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, Paris, 1998-99, 1999-2000 Co-Responsable scientifique - Liens, réseaux, configurations - aide informatique, filière Histoire sociale et démographie, LDH, Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Science Sociales Directeur d'Etudes Associé, 1991-92. Maison des Sciences de l'Homme. Paris. A.v.Humboldt Distinguished Senior U.S. Social Scientist Award, 1989-91. Institut fur Völkerkunde, University of Köln. Instructor, 1974. ICPSR. Research Methodology Summer Program, University of Michigan. Ann Arbor, Michigan. Co-Director (Lilyan Brudner, Director), 1971-73. Language Attitudes Project, Ministry Level, Irish Republic. Research Associate, 1970. Project IMPRESS (John Kemeny), Dartmouth College. Staff Anthropologist, 1968. Summer Seminar in Quantitative Anthropology, National Science Foundation. Visiting Assoc. Professor, 1974-75. Anthropology, University of Texas-Austin.

Personal data: b'42, child'75 Scott (Fa/Son photo 1982) -and- Scott in his Paris loft with friend and with Olivier Lalin (1997)
I'm interested in how societies, cultures, social roles and historical agents of change evolve dynamically out of multiple networks of social action. To what extent do diffuse "weak-tie" networks, such as matrimonially linked families which are "structurally endogamous" (linked through multiple paths), for example, operate to construct social class, ethnicity, and the particular social structures, gender roles, and social cognition of local communities? How are such ties and such communities embedded in and historically constituting the institutions of the larger political economy? How does the network structure of the world political economy engender the structures of opportunity and constraint of more localized social activity? I work with several types of comparative data with longitudinal time depth such as kinship and marriage networks, demographic baseline studies, global political events and economic exchange.

Doug & Lilyan, Maison Suger, Paris, 1991 Narciso's sketch 1999
Research Interests and Teaching in Sociology and Anthropology:

Anthropological, Network, and Homeokinetic Theory; Research on Social Networks, Longitudinal Field Sites and Social Demography, Kinship and Marriage Networks, Social Organization, Gender, Stratification, Transnational Development and Community Change, Systems of Exchange, Property and Inheritance, Division of Labor.
Comparative Ethnographic and Historical Research; Focus on Europe, Mesoamerica, Indian North America, Pacific, World Systems, Urban and World Culture; Methodology, Mathematical Anthropology and Computing.

Honors, Awards, Fellowships 

Erdös number of 2 see addenda

Santa Fe Institute Resident (June 1999 2000 2001), John Padgetts' working group on co-evolution of states and markets

Biography in Who's Who in America. 1994-present.
Biography in International Who's Who. 2000-present.

Ministry of Research & Technology, Bourse de Haute Niveau, Laboratoire d'Analyse Secondaire et des Mèthodes Appliquées a la Sociologie. Paris. 1991-92.

Alexander von Humboldt Distinguished U.S. Senior Social Scientist -- Research Award (Ethnosoziologie), 1989-91. Renewable.

Center for Advanced Studies, Fellow, 1981-84, Western Behavioral Science Institute

Mathematical Social Science Board, Symposium on Social Networks, Dartmouth, 1975

National Institute of Mental Health Predoctoral Fellow, 1964-67.

Visiting Fellow, 1965-66, Anthropology and Mathematical Sociology, Columbia

CIC Travelling Scholar, 1964-65. Anthropology/Mathematical Psychology, Michigan

NSF Cooperative Fellow, 1963-64. University of Minnesota.

American Field Service Scholarship, 1958-59 High School Year,Madrid.

Administrative Experience 

Graduate Director, 1995-present, Ph.D. Program in Social Networks

Chair, 1994-1996, UCI Senate Committee on International Education.

Executive Committee of the Academic Senate, 1994-96. Irvine Division.

President, 1986-90, Chair 1986-. Linkages Development Research Council.

UC Systemwide Committee on Appropriate Technology, 1985-87.

Chair, 1982-83. Graduate Program in Social Networks, UCI.

Chair, 1980-81. Academic Senate Committee on Courses.

Executive Committee of the Academic Senate, 1980-81. Irvine Division.

Director, 1979-80. Focused Research Program in Social Network Analysis, UCI.

Chair, 1979-80. Social Structure Group, University of California, Irvine.

Dean Search Committee, 1978-79. School of Social Sciences.

Executive Committee, 1976-78. School of Social Sciences.

Co-Director, 1971-73. Language Attitudes Project, Finance Ministry, Irish Republic.

NSF and other grants 

National Science Foundation grants: w G.P. Murdock, Cross-Cultural Cumulative Coding Center 1968-73; w H.G. Nutini, Network Analysis of Compadrazgo in Rural Tlaxcala 1976-80; w L.C.Freeman, Social Networks Computer Teleconference 1977-79; w M.L.Burton: (1) Sexual Division of Labor 1981-83 (2) Labor Intensification and Female Status 1983-85 (3) World Systems and Ethnological Theory 1985-87 ; w D.Smith, Large Scale Network Analysis of World Trade 1986-89 (SDSC); w T.Scudder and E.Colson, Long-Term Dynamic Assessment of Impacts of World-System, Development and Ecological Processes on Local Socioeconomic Change in Gwembe Valley, Zambia 1988-90; w 4 other PIs, Assessment and Planning of Cross-Cultural and Comparative Research 1987-88; w 2 other PIs, Summer Institutes in Comparative Research 1988-90; Network Analysis of Kinship, Social Transmission and Exchange: Cooperative Research at UCI, UNI Cologne, CNRS Paris 1993-95. Longitudinal Studies and Predictive Cohesion Theory, 1999-2002.

Numerous small grants: social science database and computing systems, planning grants, conferences. Mellon Program Development Grant in Anthropology and Demography, with James Lee, 1995-1996. Member: NSF Advisory Panel, numerous Social Science committees and planning groups on data base, software development, research organization and training.

Conference organizer: Social Science Computing (1995, UCSD/SDSC), Longitudinal Field Studies; Scholar's Workstation, Approaches to Unified Social Science; Research Methods; Text Analysis; Cross-Cultural Research; Teleconferencing; Social Networks; Natural Decision Making; Urban Anthropology.


President Elect and President 1992-1993: Social Science Computing Association.

Founder, and General Editor 1985-1990: World Cultures electronic journal.

Editorial Boards, current: Social Networks, Social Science Computer Review, University of Michigan Press, Linkages Series. Past: Computers and the Humanities, Journal of ` Behavioral Economics, Ethnology.

Fellow: American Anthropological Association, Society for Applied Anthropology.

Charter Member: The Classification Society-No. American Branch, Society for Cross-Cultural Research, Int'l Network for Social Network Analysis, Society for Psychological Anthropology, Cognitive Sciences Society.

Member: Society for General Systems Research, American Sociological Association, American Mathematical Association.

ms ready for submission Using SPSS: Analysis and Comparison in the Social Sciences (drw & Andrey Korotayev). Sage/AltaMira/Lexington

2005 Network Analysis and Ethnographic Problems: Process Models of a Turkish Nomad Clan (drw & Ulla Johansen). Boston, MA: Lexington Press. Distribution by AltaMira Press.

1998 Kinship, Networks and Exchange (eds. Thomas Schweizer, drw). Cambridge University Press.

1989 Research Methods in Social Network Analysis Eds. L.C.Freeman, drw, A.K. Romney.

1975 Tuaraiscail: Report of the Committee on Language Attitudes Research Regarding Irish (Lilyan A. Brudner, drw, and staff)

1972 The Anthropology of Urban Environments (eds. Thomas Weaver & drw),

1969 Decision-making in Equestrian Indian Societies: An Essay in Commparative Pragmatics (Cooperation and Decision-Making among North American Indians). Ann Arbor, MI: Dissertation Reprints.

In manuscript Cultural Kinetics 1, Emergent Dualities: The Balance Principle in Kinship Networks (drw & Michael Houseman) (submitted: Cambridge University Press)

In manuscript Cultural Kinetics 2, An Invisible State: Belen, since the Revolution (drw & Michael Schnegg, Lilyan A. Brudner and Hugo Nutini)

In manuscript Cultural Kinetics 3, A House-system: From 1511-1998 in an Austria Farming Village (drw & Lilyan A. Brudner)


Submitted "Collective Geodesics and Co-evolution: A Graph Theoretic Structural Model" (drw & Frank Harary), Advances in Complex Systems.

Submitted "Multiple Connectivity and its Boundaries of Integration: Networks of Local and Class Cohesion in Rural Tlaxcala" (drw, Michael Schnegg, Lilyan Brudner & Hugo G. Nutini) American Journal of Sociology

2005 Walter W. Powell, Douglas R. White, Kenneth W. Koput and Jason Owen-Smith. "Network Dynamics and Field Evolution: The Growth of Interorganizational Collaboration in the Life Sciences." American Journal of Sociology 110(4):1132-1205. Special issue on computation in the social sciences.

2004 Douglas R. White, Walter W. Powell, Jason Owen-Smith and James Moody Networks, Fields and Organizations: Micro-Dynamics, Scale and Cohesive Embeddings. Computational and Mathematical Organization Theory 10:95-117. Special issue on Mathematical Representations for the Analysis of Social Networks within and between Organizations, guest edited by Alessandro Lomi and Phillipa Pattison.

2005 Douglas R. White. "Ring Cohesion in Marriage and Social Networks. Social Networks special issue edited by Alain Degenne Mathematiques et sciences humaines 43(#168):5-28. Journal of the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, Paris.

2005 Klaus Hamberger, Michael Houseman, Isabelle Daillant, Douglas R. White and Laurent Barry. "Matrimonial ring structures." Social Networks special issue edited by Alain Degenne Mathematiques et sciences humaines 43(#168):83-121. Journal of the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, Paris.

2004. Woodrow W. Denham and Douglas R. White Multiple Measures of Alyawarra Kinship, Field Methods 17(1):70-101.

2004 Douglas R. White Network Analysis and Social Dynamics. Cybernetics and Systems 35(2-3):173-192, online journal, Special issue edited by Dwight Read.

2003 "Social Cohesion and Embeddedness: A hierarchical conception of social groups." (James Moody & drw) American Sociological Review 68(1):1-25. PDF Reprinted Santa Fe Institute Working Papers 00-08-049

2003 "Ties, Weak and Strong." Encyclopedia of Community. Edited by Karen Christensen and David Levinson. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Reference.

2002 "Conectividad Múltiple, Fronteras e Integración: Compadrazgo y Parentesco en Tlaxcala Rural" (drw, Michael Schnegg, Lilyan Brudner & Hugo G. Nutini), pp. 41-94, Análisis de Redes: Aplicaciones en Ciencias Sociales, Eds. Jorge Gil-Mendieta y Samuel Schmidt. Mexico, D.F.: IIMAS- UNAM. (Instituto de Investigaciones en Mathemáticas Aplicadas y en Systemas- Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México)

2002 "The Navigability of Strong Ties: Small Worlds, Tie Strength and Network Topology." Douglas R. White and Michael Houseman. Reprinted in eScholarship cdlib Repository Complexity 8(1) December. Special Issue on Networks and Complexity

2002 " Collaborative Long-Term Ethnography and Longitudinal Social Analysis of a Nomadic Clan in Southeastern Turkey." (Ulla Johansen and Douglas R. White) Chapter 4, pp. 81-99, in Chronicling Cultures: Long-Term Field Research in Anthropology, edited by Robert van Kemper and Anya Royce. AltaMira Press.

[2002] 1969 George P. Murdock and Douglas R. White, Standard Cross-Cultural Sample: on-line. Reprinted with annotations from Ethnology 8:329-369

2001 "P-Systems: A Structural Model for Kinship Studies" (Frank Harary and drw). Connections 24(2):35-46.

2001 "Fast Approximation Algorithms for Finding Node-Independent Paths in Networks" (drw & M. E. J. Newman) Santa Fe Institute Working Paper 2001-07-035

2001 The Cohesiveness of Blocks in Social Networks: Node Connectivity and Conditional Density. Douglas R. White and Frank Harary, Sociological Methodology 2001 31(1): 305-359. Blackwell Publishers, Inc., Boston, USA and Oxford, UK.

2000. "Parente Suite: User's Manual for Analysis of Kinship and Marriage Networks" (drw & Patricia Skyhorse), in V. Burton, T. Finnigan, D. Herr, eds., Wayfarer: Advances in Social Science Computing. CD-ROM . Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press. Hard Copy: Wayfarer: Charting Advances in Social Science Computing. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press.

2000 "Homomorphismos de grafos y semigrupos sobre redes de relaciones" (drw & Karl Reitz) [Reprint of 1983 in translation] Política y Sociedad 33:149-165.

1999 "Controlled Simulation of Marriage Systems." Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation.

Web (1999). "Decentralized Systems and The Invisible State: Low Density Multiconnected Cohesion in Large-Scale Social Networks in Tlaxcala, Mexico" (drw, Michael Schnegg & Lilyan Brudner)

2000 "Social Cohesion and Embeddedness: A hierarchical conception of social groups." (James Moody & drw) Santa Fe Institute Working Paper2000-08-049. Submitted to American Journal of Sociology.

1999 "Analyzing Large Kinship and Marriage Networks" (drw, Vladimir Batagelj & Andrej Mrvar) Social Science Computer Review 17(3):245-274.

1999 "Networks, Cognition and Ethnography: Thomas Schweizer Remembered" Connections 22:19-27

1998 "Taking Sides: Marriage Networks and Dravidian Kinship in Lowland South America" (Michael Houseman & drw) Transformations of Kinship, pp. 214-243 in eds. Maurice Godelier, Thomas Trautmann and F.Tjon Sie Fat, Smithsonian Institution Press.

1998 "Network Mediation of Exchange Structures: Ambilateral Sidedness and Property Flows in Pul Eliya" (Michael Houseman & drw). pp. 59-89 in Kinship, Networks and Exchange, eds. Thomas Schweizer and drw. Cambridge University Press.

1998 "Kinship, Property and Stratification in Rural Java: A Network Analysis" (drw & Thomas Schweizer) pp. 36-58 in Kinship, Networks and Exchange, eds. Thomas Schweizer and drw. Cambridge University Press.

1997 "Class, Property and Structural Endogamy: Visualizing Networked Histories" (Lilyan A. Brudner & Douglas R. White). Theory and Society 26:161-208.

1997. "Structural Endogamy and the Graphe de Parenté." Mathématiques, Informatique, et Sciences Humaines 137:107-125.

1997. "Corr-Rel: A Program for Reliability Assessment and optimal one-factor scaling" (drw & J. Patrick Gray). World Cultures 9(1):7.

1996 "Enfoque de redes al estudio de comunidades urbanas" Estudios Demográficas y Urbanas 26:303-26. Mexico City: Colegio de Mexico.

1996 "Structures réticulaires de la pratique matrimoniale" (Michael Houseman & drw) L'Homme 139:59-85.

1996 "Kinship Networks and Discrete Structure Theory: Applications and Implications" (drw & Paul Jorion). Social Networks 18:267-314.

1996 "Statistical Entailments and the Galois lattice." Social Networks 18:201-15.

1995 "George Peter Murdock," American National Biography. Oxford University Press under the auspices of the American Council of Learned Societies. On line edition at

1995 "Inscribed Relations Theory" Abstract of the Jacob Marschak Colloquium. Mathematical Social Science 30:319-320

1994 "Centrality Measures for Oriented Graphs" (drw & Steve Borgatti) Social Networks 16:335- 346.

1994 "Fisher-B: A Program for an Exact Significance Test for Three-Way Interaction Effects" World Cultures 8(2): 40-43.

1993 "Using Galois lattices to represent network data" (Linton Freeman & drw) Sociological Methodology 1993 pp. 127-146, Journal Special Issue, edited by Peter V. Marsden, Gerhard Arminger, David J. Bartholomew.

1993 "Spatial Levels in Cultural Organization" Handbuch der Ethnologie, pp. 459-88, T.Schweizer, Margarete Schweizer, and Waltraud Kokot, eds. Berlin: Reimer Verlag.

1992 "Structure and Dynamics of the Global Economy: Network Analysis of International Trade 1965-1980" (Dave Smith & drw) Social Forces 70:857-894. Reprinted 2002 as chapter 45, Social Networks: Critical Concepts in Sociology Edited by: John Scott. London: Routledge.

1992 "Representing and Analyzing Kinship: A Network Approach" (drw & P.Jorion) Current Anthropology (J-Stor) 33:454-462.

1991 "World-System and Regional Linkages as Causally Implicated in Local Level Conflicts at the Ethnographic Horizon" Zeitschrift fur Ethnologie 115:111-37.

1991 "Centrality in Valued Graphs: A measure of betweenness based on network flow" (L.Freeman, S.Borgatti, drw) Social Networks 13:141-154.

1991 "Regional Comparisons, Replications and Historical Network Analysis" (M.Burton & drw) Behavior Science Research 25:55-78.

1990 "The Value-Added Electronic Journal: Experience with World Cultures" Journal of Educational Media and Library Sciences 27: 282-293

1990 "Reliability in Comparative and Ethnographic Observations: The Father-Child Example of High Inference Measures" Journal of Quantitative Anthropology 2:109-150.

1990 "A Cross-Cultural Historical Analysis of Subsistence Change" (4th,w/C.Bradley, C.C.Moore, M.L.Burton) American Anthropologist 92:105-115.

1990 "Sharing Anthropological Data with Peers and Third World Hosts." In, J.E.Sieber, ed., Sharing Social Science Data: Advantages and Challenges pp 42-60

1989 "Rethinking the Role Concept: Homomorphisms on Social Networks" (K.Reitz & drw) pp 429-488 in L.C.Freeman, D.R. White, A.K.Romney, eds., Research Methods in Social Network Analysis.

1989 "Microcomputer Tools for Anthropological Research" Development Anthropology Network 6(2):9-16

1988 "The Shared Workstation Applications Project" Current Anthropology (J-Stor) 3:519-520.

1988 "Anthropological Journals in Electronic Format" Computer Assisted Anthropology News 3(1):2-19

1988 "Cites and Fights: Material Entailment Analysis of the Eighteenth-century Chemical Revolution" (drw & H.G.McCann) pp 380-400 in S. Berkowitz, B.Wellman, eds., Social Structures: A Network Approach, Cambridge: University Press.

1988 "The Murdock Legacy: The Ethnographic Atlas and the Search for a Method" (drw & L.A.Brudner) George Peter Murdock: Retrospective Assessment, Behavior Science Research 22:59-81.

1988 "Rethinking Polygyny: Co-Wives, Codes, and Cultural Systems" Current Anthropology (J-Stor) 29:529-558, 568-572.

1988 "Causes of Polygyny: Ecology, Economy, Kinship and Warfare" (drw & M.L. Burton) American Anthropologist 90:871-887.

1988 "Anthropology and Computing: the Challenges of the 1990s" (drw & G.F.Truex) Social Science Computer Review 6:481-497.

1988 "Evidence for a Long Term Process Scale for Social Change in Modern Man Settled in Place via Agriculture and Engaged in Trade and War" (A.Iberall & drw) GeoJournal 17:311- 338.

1986 "Focused Ethnographic Bibliography for the Standard Cross Cultural Sample" World Cultures 2(1). Reprinted 1989 Behavior Science Research 23:1-145.

1986 "Cross Cultural Study of Magico-Religious Practitioners: Database." (Michael Winkelman, drw) World Cultures 2(3). Reprinted 1987 HRAF Research Series in Quantitative Cross-Cultural Data, Vol. III. Reprinted 1988 Duke Univ. Press.

1986 "Sexual Division of Labor" (M. L. Burton, drw) Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, ed. Adam Kuper, Jessica Kuper, pp. 206-207. London: Routledge. Reprinted 2004 Routledge.

1985 "The World Cultures Database" Advances in Computer Archaeology 4:4-31

1987 "Cross-Cultural Surveys Today" (M.L.Burton & drw) Annual Reviews of Anthropology (J-Stor) 16:143-160.

1987 "Cultural Diversity Database" World Cultures 3(2)

1986 "Focused Ethnographic Bibliography for the Standard Cross Cultural Sample" Behavior Science Research 23:1-145.

1984 "Sexual Division of Labor in Agriculture" (M.L.Burton & drw) American Anthropologist 86:568-583.

1984 "Galton's Problem as Network Autocorrelation" (M.Dow, M.L.Burton, drw, K.Reitz) American Ethnologist 11:754-770.

1983 "Graph and Semigroup Homomorphisms" (drw & K.P.Reitz) Social Networks 5:193-234.

1983 "Internal Replication and the Systems Concept in Non-Experimental Research" (drw & R.Pesner) Behavior Science Research 18:26-44.

1983 "An Exact Significance Test for Three-Way Interaction" (drw, R.Pesner, K.Reitz) Behavior Science Research 18:103-122.

1982 "Network Autocorrelation: A Simulation Study of a Foundational Problem in Regression and Survey Research" (M.Dow, M.Burton, drw) Social Networks 4:169-200.

1982 "Multivariate Modeling with Interdependent Network Data" (M.M.Dow, drw, M.L.Burton) Behavior Science Research 17:216-245.

1981 "Sexual Division of Labor in African Agriculture: A Network Autocorrelation Analysis" (drw, M.L.Burton, M.M.Dow) American Anthropologist 83:824-849.

1977 "Entailment Theory and Method: A Cross-Cultural Analysis of the Sexual Division of Labor" (drw, M.Burton, L.Brudner) Behavior Science Research 12:1-24

1977 "A Model of the Division of Labor by Sex" (M.Burton, drw, L.Brudner) American Ethnologist 4:227-251.

1977 "Community Variations and Network Structure in the Social Functions of Compadrazgo in Rural Tlaxcala, Mexico" (H.G.Nutini & drw) Ethnology 16:353-384

1976 "National Policy Programming: A Prototype Model from Language Planning" (drw, L.Brudner, A.Walters) in P.R. Sanday, ed., Anthropology and the Public Interest: Fieldwork and Theory, pp 293-306.

1975 "Process, Statistics and Anthropological Theory: An Appreciation of Harold E. Driver" Reviews in Anthropology 2:295-314.

1974 "Mathematical Anthropology" In J.J. Honigmann, ed., Handbook of Social and Cultural Anthropology, pp 369-446.

1971 "Societal Research Archives System" in R.Naroll and R. Cohen, eds. Handbook of Method in Cultural Anthropology, 676-685.

1971 "Natchez Class and Rank Reconsidered" (drw, G.P.Murdock, R.Scaglion) Ethnology 10:369- 388.

1971 "Using Computers in Urban Affairs Education" (drw & B. Vargus) Proceedings of the Second Annual Conference on Computers in the Undergraduate Curricula, 365-370

1969 "Standard Cross-Cultural Sample" (G.P.Murdock & drw) Ethnology 8:329-369.

Field Research

1995. Networks in Southern California, w Thomas Schweizer and Linton Freeman;

1993-96 Networks, House System and Migration in Rural Austria, w L.A. Brudner;

1976-79 Networks, Labor Force Participation and Belief Systems in Tlaxcala, Mexico;

1972-73 Multilevel national research project involving socio-demographic analysis, survey sampling and questionnaire design, Networks of Irish language use, social and decision-making processes affecting language maintenance; attitudinal studies, educational and institutional research in Ireland; reviewed in Ireland : A Social and Cultural History, 1922 to the Present

1968-70 Italian and Irish American Urban ethnic adaptation in Pittsburgh;

1964-65 Upper Mississippi culture and personality;

1962 Acatlan, Veracruz, Mexico, religious and economic integration;

1962 Coastal fishing economies in Veracruz;

1961-62 Ojibwa urban adaptation in Minneapolis.

Database Development and Programmatic Research

Work on development of a standard cross-cultural sample of 186 classic ethnographic sites began in 1967 with G. P. Murdock. This database now includes temporal development and world-system impact variables in addition to cumulative codes from hundreds of contributing studies on over two thousand variables. These data, together with analytic and mapping programs I developed, continue to be published in the World Cultures electronic journal that I founded in 1985.

Between 1976-80 NSF funded Nutini, Brudner and myself for a 5-field site study in rural Tlaxcala, Mexico. I developed a database approach to study of community social networks, migration, kinship and marriage, and social change.

Since 1985 I headed a team involved in creating a series of longitudinal databases for studies of economic development and community level change in anthropological field sites, with collaborations including:

1) Colson and Scudder's 4 Tonga village sites in Gwembe, Zambia

2) Brudner and White's Feistritz village site in Carinthia, Austria,

3) Nutini, Brudner and White's factory and 4 village sites in Tlaxcala, Mexico,

4) Goodenough et al.'s Trukese site in Micronesia,

5) McCall's Rapanui (Easter Island) site in Polynesia,

6) Dorsey's Historic Omaha archival materials,

7) Lee's Chinese Imperial lineage archival materials,

8) Van Kemper and Foster's Tzintzuntzan village and migration project.

Our 1986-89 NSF and Wenner-Gren awards used the first site as a test case for development of a longitudinal social demographic methodology now being carried through in other sites.

Together, these three projects (1967-75, 1976-80, 1985-present) resulted in development of software that is now widely used in comparative studies ("MAPTAB" data visualization, entailment analysis, and autocorrelation), community-level network studies and transnational networks and flows (elements of "UCINET" analyses of social positions based on regular equivalence, generalization of positional centrality measures), and the longitudinal analysis of social change (graphic visualization and analytic package for material flows and exchange mapped onto flow representations of kinship and marriage networks).

Since 1991 I have co-directed with Michael Houseman (CNRS, Paris) and - until his death in 1999 -Thomas Schweizer (Cologne) a team of researchers assembling longitudinal kinship and property-transmission networks from a series of anthropological field sites (those above plus, e.g., Dogon and Tuareg-Africa, Pul Eliya-Sri Lanka, numerous Amazonian groups, Tikopia and Anuta-Polynesia, Arapesh and Manus-Melanesia, Groote Eylandt-Australia), historical or demographic studies (Quebec villages, Aillier-France; Elites- in Central America, U.S., Nord Pas de Callais), plus nearly one hundred sites with longitudinal kinship and marriage networks. A series of jointly authored books (with Houseman, Johansen, Brudner, Schnegg) are in preparation, and utilize data from the better cases studies. Data from these studies will be contributed to the National Anthropological Archives.

I am currently funded for another collaborative NSF proposal (later scaled down) that will cap what we have learned from large-scale social network analysis (including kinship and marriage networks, property and transaction flows, etc.) in terms of a sophisticated fieldwork database system, with applications to be tested in multi-level urban ethnography carried out in colloborative and dissertation-level research.

Published Software

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